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What You Need to Know to Understand a Private Limited Company

In this blog is to demystify the private limited company by explaining its salient characteristics, advantages, and formation.

By cheap accountantPublished about a year ago 3 min read
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The private limited company structure has risen in prominence in the business world, and it is now the favoured option for many entrepreneurs. The nature of this company, however, is commonly misunderstood. The purpose of this blog is to demystify the private limited company by explaining its salient characteristics, advantages, and formation.

An Explanation of the Limited Liability Company

Separate from its shareholders, a private limited corporation enjoys the benefits of limited liability and perpetual succession. It's legal under the Companies Act and gives your company room to grow. This setup provides the company with benefits and constraints that will help it function and expand.

Features and Benefits that Stand Out

There are several benefits to owning a private limited company.

One of the biggest benefits is the principle of limited liability, which shields the owners' private assets from corporate debts.

Property can be owned by the private limited company, contracts can be made in the company's name, and the corporation can file lawsuits and respond to lawsuits in its own name.

The private limited company is unique in that its existence is not terminated when the directors or shareholders leave, allowing for continuity and stability unlike those of other corporate forms.

Changing the company's ownership or injecting new money is facilitated by the ease with which private limited company shares may be bought and sold.

Customers, vendors, and investors are more likely to have faith in a business that has chosen to operate under the more respectable private limited company structure.

Methods of Incorporation

There are numerous mandatory actions in setting up a limited liability company:

Approval of the Company Name Pick a name for your business that is both original and in conformity with the naming standards set forth by the relevant regulatory body.

Articles of Association and Memorandum of Association: Write the Articles of Association and Memorandum of Association, which outline the company's mission, internal policies, and the members' responsibilities and rights.

In order to ensure compliance with the Companies Act's minimal criteria, it is important to appoint directors and shareholders.

Company registration entails submitting the Articles of Association, Memorandum of Association, and any other relevant forms to the Registrar of Companies.

Statutory Registrations: Obtain the Permanent Account Number (PAN), Tax Deduction and Collection Account Number (TAN), Goods and Services Tax (GST), etc., as required, following incorporation.

Legal Reporting and Documentation

There are a number of regulations that must be met in order to keep a private limited corporation operational.

Private limited corporations have yearly compliance requirements that include things like holding annual general meetings, submitting financial statements, and undergoing statutory audits.

Pay all applicable taxes (personal and corporate), file all required tax returns, and follow all applicable Goods and Services Tax (GST) rules.

Compliance with Regulatory Filings includes but is not limited to filing annual returns, keeping current registers and records, and disclosing any changes to the company's organisational structure or directors/shareholders.

Effects on Taxes

Certain tax consequences affect limited liability companies:

Profits earned by a private limited company must be subject to corporate tax. Depending on the company's annual revenue and other criteria, different tax rates and deductions may apply.

When a limited liability corporation (LLC) pays dividends to its shareholders, the company must pay dividend distribution tax at a set rate.


We have taken the mystery out of forming a private limited company by outlining its salient characteristics, advantages, and formation procedure. An advantage of forming a private limited company is that its members are shielded from personal responsibility for any debts or actions of the business. These benefits strengthen the company's reputation and create a solid foundation for its further success and expansion.

It is necessary to obtain approval for the company name, draw the Memorandum and Articles of Association, nominate directors and shareholders, and register the company with the appropriate authorities before incorporation may take place. Annual compliance, tax duties, and regulatory filings are examples of statutory requirements that must be met.

Corporate tax on profits and dividend distribution tax on dividends are both relevant to limited liability corporations. It is critical to remain in compliance and prevent penalties and legal concerns by being aware of and meeting these tax responsibilities.

Understanding the private limited company structure better equips business owners to make smart choices and take advantage of all the opportunities it presents. It ensures expansion, safeguards private property, and inspires trust among key players.

The private limited company form might be quite useful if you are thinking of starting a firm. However, for specific advice and to guarantee conformity with applicable rules and regulations, it is advisable to speak with legal and financial professionals.

When business owners have a clear understanding of the private limited company, they may move forward with confidence. Adopting this adaptable, tried-and-true framework can pave the route to success and let business owners realise their dreams.

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