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A Short and Comprehensive Guide to Performing Umrah

Umrah, although elective in nature, has garnered more favor among Muslims compared to Hajj.

By Saudi Arabia Travel - London UKPublished 9 months ago 4 min read

Umrah, although elective in nature, has garnered more favor among Muslims compared to Hajj. This inclination is spurred by factors like economic feasibility, physical capacity, and logistical considerations. Many individuals opt for Umrah due to the relatively lower cost associated with Umrah packages in contrast to the pricier Hajj packages. Let us now delve into an intricate analysis of Umrah.

The etymology of the term "Umrah" originates from the Arabic language. In this linguistic realm, it signifies "visiting a densely inhabited locale." Contemplating Umrah invariably brings to mind the hallowed cities of Makkah and Madinah. Unquestionably, this pilgrimage transpires in the sanctified confines of Makkah. Remarkably, even a solitary day proves more than ample for the execution of a full-fledged Umrah.

Rituals and Components of Umrah

Umrah is comprised of three constituent facets: Tawaf, Sa’i, and Halq (or taqsir). Before embarking on the Umrah protocol, one must enter the state of Ihram. Though some perceive this as a ritual, it is, in truth, a prerequisite for initiating Umrah.

  • Tawaf:
  • In this process both male and female pilgrims have to circumambulate the holy Kaaba in seven rounds following a counter clockwise trajectory. Pilgrims start the Tawaf from the Hajj-e-Aswad (the Black Stone), using it as the starting point. Continuous movement is advised during Tawaf, allowed only for prayer or necessary short intervals.

Conducting Tawaf

  • For Men:

Gentlemen may not embark upon Tawaf until they have entered the state of Ihram, necessitating a "ghusl" or purifying ablution (a "wudhu" is sufficient if a bath is unavailable), and donned two plain, unadorned white cloths. It's imperative that the Ihram not conceal the right shoulder or the ankles.

Men initiate their Tawaf by either kissing or making contact with the Black Stone. If the crowd precludes physical proximity, extending one's hand towards the Black Stone suffices. The initial three revolutions of Tawaf are executed at an accelerated pace, exceeding a walk but falling short of a run. Subsequent revolutions assume a more measured tempo. Get Saudi Tourist Visa if you are UK Resident and British Citizen

  • For Women:

Females are not bound by any particular attire, though many opt to wear an "abaya" over their customary garments to ensure proper coverage. Women must refrain from covering their hands and face within the precincts of the Holy Kaaba. The commencement of Tawaf mirrors that of their male counterparts.

Women undertake Tawaf at a moderate pace, walking steadily. It's advised that women maintain a certain distance from the throng, a practice encouraged by Islamic doctrine. Upon concluding Tawaf, it is customary, following the Sunnah of our Prophet, to perform a two-unit prayer ("rakats") at the Maqaam-e-Ibrahim. This prayer may be offered anywhere within the expansive mosque.


Sa'i entails traversing the space between the hills of Safa and Marwah seven times, moving to and fro with a sense of urgency. This procedure commemorates the ordeal of Hazrat Hajra (R.A), the mother of Prophet Ismail (R.A), who sought water for her infant in frenzied motion.

Subsequent to this, Allah Almighty caused water to spring forth from the location where the heel of Prophet Ismail (R.A) rested, known as the Zamzam well. From that juncture onward, water has ceaselessly flowed from the earth.

Halq or Taqsir:

Umrah pilgrims proceed to this stage upon completing the antecedent phases. During this step, men undergo a complete head shave, while women merely trim their hair to the length of their fingertips. Post this act, one is free to discard the attire of Ihram.

Additionally, Umrah rituals entail specific prerequisites outlined in detail on our blog. The discourse at hand provides a concise and exhaustive manual that imparts comprehensive knowledge concerning Umrah and its constituents. A key distinction between Hajj and Umrah lies in their obligatory nature, with Hajj being obligatory for those deemed eligible as per Islamic jurisprudence.


1. Is Umrah obligatory like Hajj?

Umrah is not obligatory like Hajj. While Hajj holds a mandatory status for qualified individuals under Islamic law, Umrah is optional but deeply revered.

2. What distinguishes Umrah from Hajj?

Umrah and Hajj both entail distinct rites and rituals. While Hajj is a mandatory pilgrimage, Umrah remains optional and can be performed at any time of the year.

3. Are there specific attires for Umrah?

Umrah doesn't impose stringent attire requirements, though many choose to wear an "abaya" for modesty. Men typically don the Ihram, two plain white sheets.

4. Can women perform Umrah alone?

Yes, women can undertake Umrah independently or in a group. However, women's proximity to the male congregation during certain rituals should adhere to Islamic guidelines.

5. What is the significance of Tawaf?

Tawaf signifies the circumambulation of the Kaaba, underscoring devotion and unity among the faithful. It's a symbol of homage to the Divine and a tangible embodiment of spiritual connectivity.

6. How long does it take to complete Umrah?

The duration of Umrah varies, but it can be completed within a matter of hours or stretched over a few days, depending on personal preference and circumstances.

7. Can Umrah be performed during Hajj season?

While Umrah can be performed throughout the year, it is advisable to avoid the Hajj season, when pilgrim numbers surge and logistical challenges increase.

8. Is Sa’i an essential part of Umrah?

Yes, Sa’i is a fundamental component of Umrah, commemorating the historical journey of Hazrat Hajra (R.A) in search of water and the divine intervention that followed.

9. What is the purpose of Halq or Taqsir?

Halq (complete head shave) or Taqsir (partial hair trimming) marks the conclusion of Umrah rituals, symbolizing spiritual renewal and the shedding of past burdens.

10. Are there specific guidelines for offering prayers during Umrah?

Yes, there are recommended prayers and sequences to follow during Umrah, as per the Sunnah of the Prophet. These prayers serve to enrich the spiritual experience and connect with the Divine._

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