The Handshake Versus the Fist
Are taxes the price we pay for civilization?
In 1978, two gentlemen from Ontario, Rick Bolstler and Mike Little, quit their well-paying jobs to move to British Columbia and start the libertarian movement in that province.
Rick and Mike launched the Libertarian Foundation, specifically designed to spread the libertarian message to the general public. They did the talk show circuit and before long had attracted a cadre of supporters and volunteers that remains active to this day. They also launched one of the first taxpayers advocacy groups in Canada, Human Action to Limit Taxes or HALT, the name inspired by Ludwig von Mises classic treatise on economics, Human Action.
One of the earliest recruits was a fellow named Bill Buckler Jr.. Bill, Rick and Mike would speak at public meetings and private homes delivering the message.
A lot of speechifying went by during those halcyon years of 1978 to 1982. But only one specifically sticks in my memory. At a HALT meeting, Bill Buckler gave a speech based on the slogan emblazoned above the doors of the US Internal Revenue Service. A quote from jurist Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr. that "taxes are the price we pay for a civilized society".
The thrust of Bill's speech was that government is force and so is taxation. In the words of P.J. O'Rourke, "all tax revenue is the result of holding a gun to somebody's head. Not paying taxes is against the law. If you don't pay your taxes, you'll be fined. If you don't pay the fine, you'll be jailed. If you try to escape from jail, you'll be shot. Thus I - in my role as citizen and voter - am going to shoot you - in your role as taxpayer and ripe suck - if you don't pay your share of the national tab. Therefore, every time the government spends money on anything, you have to ask yourself, 'Would I kill my kindly, gray-haired mother for this?'" (Parliament of Whores page 100)
That was an important point in itself, but then Bill came up with a symbolic representation of the difference between libertarianism and statism that impressed me no end and remains one of the most powerful analogies I have seen.
Force, he said, can be represented by the fist. Pony up or we'll punch your lights out. You have to pay taxes or else. Do what we want or we'll beat up on you. But do we want a society based on the principle of the fist? Can a society truly be called civilized if it is based on the fist, Oliver Wendell Holmes notwithstanding?
Far better, said Bill, to opt for the way of friendship, good will and peaceful cooperation. Far better to adopt the handshake as our principle.
Which do you choose? Civilization or violence? The handshake or the fist?
Later, financial newsletter writer Mark Skousen turned Holmes statement on its head. "Taxation is the price we pay for failing to build a civilized society," he wrote. "The higher the tax level, the greater the failure. A centrally planned totalitarian state represents a complete defeat for the civilized world, while a totally voluntary society represents its ultimate success."
All too often in libertarian circles I see angry rhetoric. I see defiance against the intrusions of the state. Popular symbols are the broken chain, or the revolutionary war era Gadsden flag - a coiled rattlesnake ready to strike with the ominous words, "Don't Tread on Me!"
Many libertarians like to be seen as rebels, as individuals who refuse to be cowed by the oppressive state.
But is rebellion the core of libertarian thought? Does it get to the nub of what it means to be a libertarian? I don't think so. And I don't think defiance is a saleable position. Every Tom, Dick and Harry protest movement is one of defiance. The Occupy Movement, protests against pipelines, protests against logging, protests against global warming. They are all defiance movements.
Ayn Rand, for all the misrepresentations of her position, based her philosophy on one thing. And it wasn't defiance, although she liked to say she was challenging 2500 years of cultural tradition. She based her philosophy on reason. On the idea that the essence of man was that he is the rational animal.
This does not mean that every man acts rationally all the time, but that his defining characteristic is reason. And so she based her ethics and her politics on the needs of the rational man. She argued that in order for a man to use his rational faculty, he had to be free from coercion. The mind cannot be coerced. It must be free.
Politically she identified this with the idea that no person or group of people should initiate the use of force against other individuals or groups. The only proper use of force is self-defense or retaliation against those who have initiated its use.
She was an advocate of the handshake over the fist.
Consider the peace movement. It is a large and vibrant movement that opposes war. It is a movement libertarians wholeheartedly embrace. It opposes bloodshed and the horror of violence between states. And truly, as I have pointed out on my blog, no one holds a candle to governments when it comes to violence on a massive scale.
Libertarianism is the peace movement. It is the peace movement taken down to the personal intimate level of individuals. It is opposition to violence between individuals, to war between individuals, to the use of force by some individuals or groups of individuals against others.
Libertarianism is the handshake over the fist. Voluntary interaction against coercion. Honoring your neighbour's choices against forcing your neighbour's to do your bidding.
A number of years ago the Conservative government under Prime Minister Stephen Harper made the long-form census voluntary. One of my friends posted on Facebook in support of re-instituting the mandatory long form census. There was even an online petition asking the government to re-impose it. I don't understand this way of thinking. And I replied to the post saying, "Symbolically, voluntary interactions are represented by the handshake. Good will. Peaceful cooperation. Compulsion and coercion are represented by the fist. I choose the handshake over the fist. Can some of you supporters of a mandatory long form census explain why you feel the need to use the fist?"
I believe libertarians should adopt the metaphor of the handshake versus the fist as our rallying cry. It articulates our position better than any other argument. It takes the moral high ground. And it puts our opponents on the defensive. Instead of having to defend libertarian positions on specific policies, we should put the onus on statists to defend the use of the fist. Put the onus on them to defend the use of violence. Put the onus them to defend the principle of war against the principle of peace.
Because, make no mistake about it, libertarians have the moral high ground. Libertarianism is a philosophy of reason, of peace, of voluntary interactions, of honoring our neighbour's choices.
I leave you with this quote from Dr. Mary Ruwart, author of Healing Our World, who, in my opinion, is the best exponent of the idea of honoring one's neighbour's choices, of using the handshake instead of the fist.
"Taxation appears to be more than theft: it is intolerance for the preferences and even the moral viewpoints of our neighbours. Through taxation we forcibly impose our will on others in an attempt to control their choices." - Healing Our World: The Other Piece of the Puzzle page 13.
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