The word criminology was not defined until 1885 by Raffaele Garofalo. Even though the word was not coined until 1885, criminology and criminal justice have been in society for many years. Adler et al. (2018) explain that the earliest code of law known by society was the code of Hammurabi in 1972. Throughout these years, there have been many criminologists, theorists, and other important individuals that have shared their ideas of criminology and the meaning of criminal justice.
Domestic violence is an ongoing issue in the United States today. Violence with an intimate partner can occur in many forms. These include financial, physical, and emotional abuse. Any form of abuse can have a negative impact on victims and witnesses. Physical abuse can end in the loss of life, whether it is the victim’s life or the abuser's life. There are 1,200 individuals per hour that experience some form of abuse. Parsons (2014) explains that 40% of all homicides of women in each state involved intimate partner violence.
Individuals such as rapists, murders, or extremely violent criminals maybe someone who deserves to die. However, innocent victims such as children or teenagers do not deserve to die. When someone kills an individual who deserves to die, it can be classified as a “Good Murder.” Additionally, when an innocent victim dies, it can be classified as a “bad murder.” John Curra explains that in 1991 Wayne Wilson separated what he called “good” from “bad” murders. The distinction is based on the premise that individuals distinguish those who deserve to die (a good murder) from those who do not but are killed anyway (a bad murder).