At the start of the 20th century, the history of science fiction took a great turn thanks to the emergence of motion pictures and the proliferation of pulp magazines. It is thanks to these two entertainment forms that the landscape following H.G. Wells' sci-fi novels took such a different direction than the scientific romances of the 19th century.
When chronicling the history of science fiction, you need to think about the history of sci-fi as it pertains to the history of mankind. Throughout its span, sci-fi asks where we are as a species, where we will go, and what will happen when we get there.
The most iconic alien encounters on film tend to leave an impact because they capture something human. Science fiction has always worked as an allegory for humanity's problems. H.G. Wells' War of the Worlds, one of the first depictions of first contact with alien life from space, used aliens as a metaphor for Europe's imperial conquests into "less developed" nations. England conquers lands left and right, but how ill-prepared would they be if an advanced civilization attacked?
Many recipes require you to cook with wine, but, for new chefs, this may be a little bit of a difficult process. You may say "Oh, well, I can just buy a cheap cooking wine, pour it in my food, and there we go. That's it."
"That's nuts," seems to be one of the go-to insults when a person is pushed into a corner. Of course, what many people don't understand is that "nuts" or "crazy" were both terms given to those who were mentally ill. Mental illness seems to be an acceptable target of ire of this nature.
In 2014, H.R. Giger died, and, thus, science fiction lost one of its greatest artists – but left behind were a multitude of H.R. Giger illustrations. Giger created some of the most exotic, darkest depictions of bio-mechanical sexualization put to the canvas.