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Are You Experiencing Frequent Urination, Urgency, or Pain from a UTI?

How to manage a UTI?

By Jane SmithPublished about a month ago 3 min read
Are You Experiencing Frequent Urination, Urgency, or Pain from a UTI?
Photo by Curology on Unsplash

Edward, an integral part of the sales team, was suddenly overwhelmed by a strong urge to urinate while conversing with a client at his workstation. Despite visiting the restroom, the urge persisted, and he experienced recurring bouts of urgency and frequency throughout his busy workday. Upon returning home, he was plagued by fatigue, lower back pain, and a burning sensation during urination. Concerned, he sought medical attention the next day and was diagnosed with a urinary tract infection (UTI).

A UTI refers to acute or chronic inflammation caused by various pathogenic microorganisms invading the mucous membranes or tissues of the urinary tract. The infection can manifest in different parts of the urinary tract, including acute and chronic pyelonephritis, cystitis, and urethritis.

Symptoms of UTIs typically include abnormal urination patterns such as frequency, urgency, painful urination, and incomplete bladder emptying. Patients may feel the need to urinate frequently but pass only small amounts of urine, often experiencing varying degrees of pain during urination. In severe cases, systemic symptoms such as fever, chills, fatigue, and loss of appetite may also occur.

Diagnosing UTIs involves various tests, including urinalysis, blood tests, and kidney function tests, to determine the extent of the infection and guide treatment.

Treatment for UTIs focuses on eliminating predisposing factors and administering anti-infective therapy. Antibiotics are commonly prescribed based on urine bacterial culture and sensitivity tests. For cases where antibiotics are ineffective, herbal medicine such as the Diuretic and Anti-inflammatory Pill may be considered beneficial in alleviating symptoms and addressing the underlying cause. Surgical correction may be necessary for difficult-to-treat UTIs with confirmed obstruction or deformity.

While UTIs can affect individuals of any age, they are more prevalent in women of childbearing age, the elderly, immunocompromised individuals, kidney transplant recipients, and those with functional or structural abnormalities. Regular urine testing is recommended for early detection and timely treatment, especially chronic infections.

Untreated or inadequately treated UTIs, particularly acute pyelonephritis, may progress to chronic pyelonephritis, potentially leading to impaired kidney function or kidney failure. Therefore, prompt and thorough treatment is essential to prevent complications.

For individuals prone to recurrent UTIs, stay well-hydrated by drinking at least 2000ml of water daily and urinating every 2 to 3 hours. If your UTIs are related to sexual activity, be sure to urinate promptly after intercourse. 

If you experience more than 3 recurrences within 6 months or 1 year, consider prophylactic antibiotic treatment. This may involve taking antibiotics continuously or after sexual intercourse for a period of six months to one year.

Doctor's Recommendations:

1. Personal Hygiene: Establishing good personal hygiene practices is essential. Change underwear frequently and maintain cleanliness in the perineal area. Learn the correct method of cleaning the external genitals, particularly for women during menstruation, pregnancy, and postpartum periods. Pay special attention to sexual hygiene.

2. Dietary Guidelines: During acute episodes, opt for bland, nutritious, and easily digestible foods. Ensure adequate hydration by drinking plenty of water and urinating frequently.

3. Medication Instructions: Properly collect midstream urine samples for bacterial culture. Adhere to the doctor's instructions regarding antibiotic usage, ensuring timely administration, appropriate dosage, and completion of the full treatment course. Refrain from adjusting the dosage or discontinuing medication without consulting a doctor. Monitor any changes in body temperature, urine characteristics, and potential adverse reactions after taking medication. Increase fluid intake, especially when using sulfonamide drugs.

4. Pain Management: Patients experiencing significant pain in the kidney area should prioritize rest in bed and avoid activities that exacerbate discomfort, such as bending or standing upright. They should engage in activities that divert attention from pain, such as reading, watching TV, or listening to music. They should also take prescribed antispasmodic and analgesic medications as needed.


About the Creator

Jane Smith

Haha, just to share some health knowledge.

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    Jane SmithWritten by Jane Smith

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