Futurism logo

Depression Treatment: Exploring Promising Options"

"Exploring Ketamine as a Promising Treatment Option for Depression: Comparable Effectiveness to Electroconvulsive Therapy

By mona aliPublished 4 months ago 3 min read
 Depression Treatment: Exploring Promising Options"
Photo by Online Marketing on Unsplash

Ketamine has been studied as a potential treatment for depression, and some research suggests that it may be effective, including in cases where other treatments have failed. However, it is important to note that the use of ketamine for depression is still considered off-label, and more research is needed to fully understand its long-term effects and optimal dosing protocols.

Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), on the other hand, is an established and well-studied treatment for severe depression that has been used for many decades. ECT involves the application of electrical currents to the brain, which induces a controlled seizure. It is generally reserved for cases of severe depression that have not responded to other treatments or when a rapid and robust response is needed.

Comparing ketamine and ECT directly is challenging because they work through different mechanisms and have different administration methods. Ketamine is typically administered intravenously, while ECT involves the application of electrical currents. Additionally, ECT is usually performed under general anesthesia and requires multiple sessions, while ketamine treatment can vary in duration and frequency.

Some studies have suggested that ketamine may have a more rapid onset of antidepressant effects compared to traditional antidepressant medications. This has led to the development of intranasal esketamine, a derivative of ketamine, which has received FDA approval for treatment-resistant depression.

In the most recent US trial contrasting the two therapies, a larger sample size was used, and only non-psychotic depression subtypes were examined.

It's interesting to note that when patients were randomly divided into two therapy groups—ECT or ketamine injections—those allocated to the ECT group discontinued treatment more frequently.

That may be because ketamine injections can be given while the patient is awake and only take approximately 40 minutes, whereas ECT needs general anesthesia.

In the end, 180 patients received twice-weekly ketamine injections for three weeks, and 158 patients with resistant depression received three weeks of ECT three times a week.

Several institutions on the east coast, including Yale University, Johns Hopkins, and Baylor College of Medicine, enlisted these patients for the trial.

Patients completed questions regarding their mental health a few days following the three-week treatment.

When a patient's depression severity scores fell by at least 50% from the beginning of the experiment, the treatment was deemed successful.

Final results showed that 41 percent of patients responded to ECT treatments and 55 percent responded to ketamine treatments.

The ECT group experienced side effects ranging from moderate to severe at a rate of just over 30%.

Several institutions on the east coast, including Yale University, Johns Hopkins, and Baylor College of Medicine, enlisted these patients for the trial.

A few days following the three-week treatment, subjects completed According to Matthew, we now need to conduct a thorough comparison of ketamine and ECT for our most seriously ill and suicidal patients. "ECT is frequently used for suicidal patients in the inpatient setting," he adds.

Ketamine has been found in earlier research to quickly diminish suicidal thoughts in more than two-thirds of patients, indicating that this novel form of therapy may even be able to save lives.

We can't afford to disregard these leads because there are so few treatment choices for resistant kinds of depression.

While there is evidence supporting the efficacy of ketamine in treating depression, it is important to recognize that more research is needed to establish its long-term safety and effectiveness.

Additionally, the use of ketamine should always be supervised by a qualified healthcare professional, as it can have potential side effects and interactions with other medications

Ketamine has demonstrated remarkable potential as a future drug in a number of fields.

Although ketamine appears promising, more study is still required to completely comprehend its long-term effects, ideal dose regimens, and potential side effects. The usage of it in various medicinal contexts is being governed by regulatory authorities.

In general, ketamine's potential as a future drug resides in its capacity to quickly relieve symptoms in illnesses that are resistant to therapy and offer relief where conventional treatments have failed. Its application will be improved, and its long-term effectiveness and safety will be determined through ongoing research and clinical trials.


About the Creator

mona ali

Dear Reader,

I am thrilled to invite you into the realm of my words, where thoughts and stories come alive, and imagination knows no bounds. Join me on an journey as I unravel the tapestry of my life and share the essence of who I am.

Reader insights

Be the first to share your insights about this piece.

How does it work?

Add your insights


There are no comments for this story

Be the first to respond and start the conversation.

Sign in to comment

    Find us on social media

    Miscellaneous links

    • Explore
    • Contact
    • Privacy Policy
    • Terms of Use
    • Support

    © 2023 Creatd, Inc. All Rights Reserved.