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Prostate Gland Size and Prostate Cancer: How to Evaluate Your Risk

Prostate Gland Problems

By ShannonPublished 16 days ago 3 min read

The prostate gland is a small, walnut-shaped gland located just below the bladder in men. It plays an important role in the production of semen, but it can also be a source of health problems. One of the main concerns with the prostate gland is the risk of prostate cancer, which is the second most common cancer in men worldwide. One of the factors that can influence a man’s risk of developing prostate cancer is the size of his prostate gland. In this article, we will discuss how prostate gland size can affect your risk of prostate cancer and how you can evaluate your own risk.

The average size of the prostate gland in adult men is about 3 centimeters (cm) in width and 4 cm in length. However, the size of the prostate can vary greatly between men, and some men may have a larger or smaller prostate than average. Prostate size can also change as a man ages. The prostate gland typically begins to enlarge around the age of 40, a condition known as benign pro static hyperplasia (BPH). This condition is not cancerous, but it can cause urinary symptoms such as difficulty starting or stopping urination and a weak urine stream.

Prostate gland size can also be affected by prostate cancer. The cancerous cells in the prostate can cause the gland to enlarge, which can make it more difficult to detect cancer in its early stages. However, a larger prostate does not necessarily mean that a man has prostate cancer. In fact, most men with an enlarged prostate do not have cancer.

There are a few ways to evaluate your risk of prostate cancer based on your prostate gland size. One of the most common methods is the digital rectal exam (DRE). During a DRE, a doctor will insert a gloved finger into the rectum to feel the prostate gland for any abnormalities. If the prostate feels larger or harder than normal, it may be a sign of cancer. However, it is important to note that a DRE is not always able to detect prostate cancer.

Another way to evaluate your risk of prostate cancer is through a blood test called the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test. The PSA test measures the level of PSA in the blood, which is a protein produced by the prostate gland. A high level of PSA can be a sign of prostate cancer. However, a high PSA level can also be caused by other factors such as BPH or a urinary tract infection. Therefore, it is important to have a PSA test in combination with a DRE and other diagnostic tests such as a biopsy to determine if prostate cancer is present.

It’s also important to note that, while large size of prostate gland can be a risk factor for prostate cancer, it’s not a definitive indicator. Many men with larger prostate gland do not develop prostate cancer and conversely many men with small prostate glands may develop the cancer. There are many other factors that can affect the risk of prostate cancer, such as age, family history, and race.

In conclusion, prostate gland size can be an important factor in evaluating your risk of prostate cancer. However, it is important to remember that prostate gland size alone is not a definitive indicator of cancer, and it should be evaluated in combination with other diagnostic tests such as a DRE and PSA test. If you are concerned about your risk of prostate cancer, it is important to speak with your doctor to determine the best course of action for you. This can include regular check-ups, screenings, and lifestyle changes that can help reduce your risk.

<<< Check out the healthiest way of male prostate gland problem in 2023 >>

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