The mention of the First World War usually conjures up the image of desolate battlefields, dead and dying soldiers, and a grinding war of attrition in the trenches. Yet one event in the months of the war summed up the feeling amongst the average soldier, sent away to fight mostly by men in a much higher social class. They were pawns for their military leaders and royal families, but the Christmas Truce of 1914 gave a glimpse of what people power can do and it shows how a very early end to the war could have been possible.
Today, despite a rise in the popularity and publicity of neo-Nazis, most reasonable people disagree with the basic premise of Nazi ideology, if not all of its tenets. Despite this, there is a large number of reasonable people who have been tricked into believing and parroting the lies of German soldiers and officers, many of which were propagated into popular memory by Nazis and neo-Nazis outside of Germany after the war. One of the most insidious of these lies is the myth of the “Clean Wehrmacht,” spread particularly by Wehrmacht members put on trial in Nuremberg.
Today marks exactly a century since the end of the First World War. In Ferdinand Foch's railway carriage in the Forest of Compiègne, about 37 miles (60 km) north of Paris, the bloodiest conflict in human history was signed away into the history books. An estimated 40 million people, military and civilians, were killed or wounded in the conflict which was said to be the "war to end all wars." The damage to human life and the European landscape should surely have justified this, yet a century on and humans are still as destructive as it was in 1914.
It’s pretty much impossible to talk about 1968 without mentioning the Vietnam War.
The Vietnam War is often referred to as the first televised war. Never had so many journalists been on the ground in a hostile nation. Before Vietnam journalists were viewed as propaganda weapons for military powers to feed through selective updates of a conflict; however, by the time it was over the use of the media in war had changed almost completely.
I remember my professor lecturing us about the Trojan Wars in history class. More specifically, I was sitting down, listening to the story of the Trojan horse, and the warning about "Greeks bearing gifts."
Have you ever had an unpopular opinion? Here's a famous one from Texas. Sam Houston stands with his convictions to have Texas remain as a part of the Union States. The uproars of those who seek to separate under the guise of protecting their own properties are called out and dismissed as Sam Houston, despite being ill at the time, gave his Anti-Secession Speech onSeptember22, 1860. Sam feels strongly that such an action would undo everything for which the state and its people have worked tirelessly with sacrifice of the highest degree. The Union was, of course, a vital tool by the Texans which Houston himself fought with to defeat the foreign power of the Mexican Government. He reiterates that the Union and its structured government has turned Texas into a dense and stable empire which has continued to prosper under the protection of an army and navy. The actions of the secessionists will only foster bad reputations with foreign powers all around the world because the basis of their actions is rooted in the protection of slavery.
The Vietnam War was arguably one of the most controversial wars of the 20th century. The conflict was as significant in the streets of the USA as it was in the rice patties of Vietnam.
In March 16, 1968, American army units, Charlie Company, 1st Battalion, 20th Infantry Regiment, 11th Brigade, and the Americal Division killed between 347 to 504 unarmed Vietnamese civilians of all ages and genders. Additionally, there were 20 rapes during the massacre. Mothers, elderly, and children alike were slaughtered by the US military in a massacre that shocked the American people, who were already questioning the Vietnam War. Why did this happen?
The 1960s and 1970s were turbulent decades for US politics. In a little over 10 years, America went from launching full scale war in Vietnam to gradually pulling out before the one and only case of a US President resigning from office. It changed the way in which America was viewed on the world stage.
If many of you did not know, many youngsters when they finish high school are forced into the military for two years, and wasting precious time they could be spending on their studies and Uni. Why should boys at the age of 17, 18 and 19 have no other choice but to follow this protocol of their country? When girls finish high school, their next step is to go to college, while boys are stuck for one or two years in the army in order to finish and legally leave the country and study abroad.
Whether we are considering the present tension in the Middle East, World War I, or the conquest of Alexander the Great, people should understand that war is as much a part of humankind as is needing food and water to survive. Despite your opinions, if Caveman A had beat Caveman B over the head with a rock instead of Caveman B hitting Caveman A with a rock, our entire genealogy could be so wildly different than it is today—you or I might not even be here. These territorial, race, religious, or ideological disputes have paved the way many countries have formed alliances, broke alliances, built their economy, or changed in several different ways. Because humankind has developed in so many drastic ways, the ways war has changed through the years has evolved with it. The differences are staggering too; no longer are we running down our enemy for miles upon miles and stopping the fight at dusk just to pick it up again tomorrow. Read on to find out some of the ways this catastrophic human invention has developed over the span of our existence.