Psyche logo

Understanding Passive-Aggressive Personality Disorder

Understanding Passive-Aggressive Personality Disorder

By Mental Health BlogPublished 3 months ago 2 min read
Understanding Passive-Aggressive Personality Disorder
Photo by Dipqi Ghozali on Unsplash

Passive-aggressive personality disorder, also known as PAPD, is a psychiatric condition characterized by a chronic pattern of indirect resistance to the demands of others through passive means. People with PAPD may appear to comply with requests, but they may do so in a way that is not sincere or has hidden meanings. This condition can cause significant distress for both the individual with the disorder and those around them. In this article, we will explore the symptoms, causes, and treatment options for PAPD, including the best psychiatrist in Mumbai and the therapist in Delhi.

Symptoms of Passive-Aggressive Personality Disorder

A passive-aggressive personality disorder is a complex condition that can be difficult to diagnose. The symptoms of PAPD are often subtle and may be difficult to detect, but some common signs include:

Resistance to following through with tasks: Individuals with PAPD may appear to agree to complete tasks or obligations, but they may procrastinate or intentionally perform them poorly.

Blaming others: People with PAPD often shift the blame onto others when things go wrong, even when it is their fault.

Sarcasm and backhanded compliments: PAPD individuals may make comments that appear to be positive but have an underlying tone of sarcasm or criticism.

Passive-aggressive behavior: Individuals with PAPD may display passive-aggressive behavior, such as giving the silent treatment or purposely making mistakes.

Difficulty expressing anger: People with PAPD may have difficulty expressing their anger directly, so they may resort to indirect means, such as sarcasm or acting out.

Fear of dependency: Individuals with PAPD may be afraid of being dependent on others, so they may resist accepting help or support.

Self-deprecating humor: People with PAPD may use self-deprecating humor to deflect attention away from themselves.

Causes of Passive-Aggressive Personality Disorder

The exact causes of PAPD are unknown, but it is believed to be a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Some possible causes include:

Family history: People with a family history of PAPD or other personality disorders may be more likely to develop the condition.

Childhood experiences: Traumatic childhood experiences, such as neglect or abuse, may increase the risk of developing PAPD.

Environmental factors: Growing up in an environment where passive-aggressive behavior is tolerated or encouraged may increase the risk of developing PAPD.

Neurotransmitter imbalances: Imbalances in neurotransmitters, such as serotonin and dopamine, may play a role in the development of PAPD.

Treatment Options for Passive-Aggressive Personality Disorder

Treatment for PAPD typically involves a combination of psychotherapy and medication. The best approach for each individual will depend on their specific needs and symptoms. Some treatment options include:

Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT): CBT is a form of talk therapy that helps individuals identify and change negative thought patterns and behaviors. This type of therapy can be particularly helpful for PAPD individuals who struggle with expressing their emotions and communicating effectively.

Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT): DBT is a form of therapy that focuses on teaching individuals mindfulness, emotion regulation, and interpersonal effectiveness skills. This type of therapy can be helpful for PAPD individuals who struggle with managing their emotions and forming healthy relationships.

Medication: In some cases, medication may be prescribed to help manage symptoms of PAPD. Antidepressants, such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), may be prescribed to help manage anxiety and depression.


About the Creator

Mental Health Blog

Reader insights

Be the first to share your insights about this piece.

How does it work?

Add your insights


There are no comments for this story

Be the first to respond and start the conversation.

Sign in to comment

    Find us on social media

    Miscellaneous links

    • Explore
    • Contact
    • Privacy Policy
    • Terms of Use
    • Support

    © 2023 Creatd, Inc. All Rights Reserved.