Shoulder injuries are common as shoulder is the most mobile joint in the body. Majority of shoulder injuries can be treated through physical therapy and non- surgical treatments. Serious shoulder injuries that are not cured by non-surgical treatments require arthroscopic surgery. Arthroscopic surgery is most advanced than ever. Shoulder Arthroscopy is done to diagnose and treat shoulder injuries. Shoulder injuries are frequently caused by athletic activities that involve more overhead movements.
Common Shoulder Injuries that can be treated with arthroscopic surgery are-
1.Rotator Cuff Repair-
A group of muscles and tendons in the shoulder is called the ‘Rotator Cuff’. It is important as it rotates, raises and stabilizes the shoulder to help lift and move arms. Rotator cuff tears happen when tendons are pulled away from the arm bone. Overuse or another injury may result in tear. Rotator cuff tears can be treated Arthroscopically
Signs of a rotator cuff tears are:
• Difficulty and pain in raising your arm.
• Popping or clicking sounds or sensations when you move your arm.
• Pain in shoulders which worsens at night or resting arm.
• Struggle to lift items and weakness in shoulders.
Rotator Cuff tears are mostly treated arthroscopically through small incisions. For prevention of a rotator cuff tear, it is advised to keep your muscles and tendons flexible.
2. Frozen Shoulder-
Painful condition in which the shoulder becomes stiff, inflamed and difficulty in movement is Frozen Shoulder. Frozen shoulder is also called as Adhesive Capsulitis. It occurs when connective tissue around the shoulder becomes thick, stiff and inflamed. Adults in the age of 40-60 are likely to get Frozen Shoulder. It is more common in women then men.
Symptoms of frozen shoulder are divided into 3 stages, they are as follows:
• The "freezing" stage:
In this stage, the shoulder becomes stiff and is painful to move and the pain slowly increases. It worsens at night. The inability to move the shoulders increases. This stage lasts 6 weeks to 9 months.
• The "frozen" stage:
In this stage, the pain may lessen, but the shoulder remains tight. This makes it more difficult to complete routine actvities. It lasts 2 to 6 months.
• The "thawing" (recovery) stage:
In this stage, the pain lessens resulting in improving the ability to move the shoulder slowly improves. The stage mostly lasts upto 6 months to 2 years.
The chance of a frozen shoulder can be prevented if physical therapy is started after any shoulder injury in which shoulder movement is painful. Your orthopaedic doctor can also develop an exercise program.
Warning Signs of a Shoulder Injury
If you are experiencing pain in your shoulder, ask yourself these questions:
Is your shoulder stiff? Can you rotate your arm in all the normal positions?
Does it feel like your shoulder could pop out or slide out of the socket?
Do you lack the strength in your shoulder to carry out your daily activities?
If you answered "yes" to any one of these questions, you should consult an orthopaedic surgeon for help in determining the severity of the problem.
Shoulder injuries are frequently caused by athletic activities that involve excessive, repetitive, overhead motion, such as swimming, tennis, pitching, and weightlifting. Injuries can also occur during everyday activities such washing walls, hanging curtains, and gardening.The shoulder is the most movable joint in the human body. A group of four muscles and their tendons, called the rotator cuff, give the shoulder its wide range of motion.
Swelling, damage, or bone changes around the rotator cuff can cause shoulder pain. You may have pain when lifting the arm above your head or moving it forward or behind your back.