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Hydrangea 101: Growing and Maintaining Hydrangea Plants

Beginner's Guide

By Amir HossainPublished 10 months ago 8 min read
Hydrangea 101:  Growing and Maintaining Hydrangea Plants
Photo by Connor Moyle on Unsplash

Hydrangea is beloved flowering shrubs that add a touch of elegance and beauty to gardens. These flowers have become a favorite among garden enthusiasts with their captivating colors and large flower heads.

Hydrangeas are flowering plants that belong to the Hydrangeaceae family. They are known for their large and showy flower heads, which consist of small flowers densely packed together. The flowers come in various colors: white, pink, blue, and purple.

These plants are native to Asia and North and South America. They are commonly cultivated in gardens and used as ornamental plants due to their attractive flowers and foliage. They are also famous for floral arrangements and can be dried for decorative purposes.

Choosing the Right Hydrangea

Hydrangeas offer various options regarding colors, sizes, and growth habits. Consider the following factors when selecting a suitable variety for your garden:

  • Flower type: Hydrangeas come in different flower types, including mophead, lacecap, panicle, and oakleaf. Mophead and lacecap have large, round flower heads, while panicles have elongated, cone-shaped clusters. Oakleaf features unique cone-shaped flowers and distinctive foliage that turn vibrant colors in the fall.
  • Color preferences: The flowers can exhibit various colors, including white, pink, blue, purple, and green. It's essential to choose a variety that produces the desired color. Remember that the flower color can be influenced by soil pH, with acidic soil resulting in blue flowers and alkaline soil growing pink or purple flowers.
  • Size and growth habit: Hydrangeas vary in size, ranging from compact varieties suitable for containers and small gardens to large shrubs reaching several feet in height and width. Consider the available space in your garden and choose a hydrangea that fits the desired size and growth habit.
  • Climate adaptability: Different hydrangea species have varying cold or heat tolerance levels. Ensure that the type you choose is suitable for your climate conditions. For example, smooth hydrangeas (Hydrangea arborescens) are more tolerant of cold temperatures, while bigleaf hydrangeas (Hydrangea macrophylla) are more sensitive to frost.
  • Maintenance requirements: Some varieties may require more intensive care and maintenance. Consider your gardening abilities and the time you can devote to plant care. If you're a beginner or prefer low-maintenance plants, look for varieties known for their resilience and adaptability.
  • Special features: Some hydrangea have attractive features, such as variegated foliage, multiple bloom cycles, or unique flower forms. These special characteristics can add extra visual interest to your garden and make your hydrangeas stand out.

Choosing the Right Location

Finding the ideal location for your hydrangeas is crucial for their overall health and successful growth. Consider the following factors when selecting a suitable spot:

Sunlight exposure: Most hydrangea species thrive in partial shade or filtered sunlight. While they need some direct sunlight, excessive exposure to intense afternoon sun can cause their leaves to wilt and flowers to fade quickly. Aim for a location that receives morning sun and afternoon shade, especially in regions with hot summers.

Soil drainage: They prefer well-drained soil that retains moisture without becoming waterlogged. Avoid areas with heavy clay soil that holds water, as it can lead to root rot. If your soil doesn't drain well, consider amending it with organic matter such as compost or planting them in raised beds to ensure proper drainage.

Related: Are Hydrangeas Poisonous to Cats?

Soil pH: The soil's pH level can influence hydrangeas' flower color. Acidic soil with a pH below 7.0 tends to produce blue flowers, while alkaline soil with a pH above 7.0 produces pink or purple flowers. If you have a specific color preference, test the soil pH and make any necessary adjustments using additives like aluminum sulfate or lime.

Space availability: Hydrangea comes in various sizes, ranging from compact varieties suitable for smaller gardens or containers to larger shrubs that require more space. Consider the mature size of your variety and ensure enough room to grow without overcrowding other plants or structures.

Microclimates: Evaluate the microclimates within your garden. Hydrangeas can benefit from a slightly sheltered location, protected from strong winds that can damage their delicate flowers and foliage. Additionally, consider areas that offer some natural protection, such as the shade provided by a large tree or the side of a building.

Aesthetics: Lastly, choose a location that complements the overall aesthetics of your garden. They can serve as focal points or add a splash of color to borders, hedges, or mixed flower beds. Consider how they integrate with other plants, structures, and landscaping elements to create a visually pleasing and harmonious garden design.

Planting Hydrangeas

Once you have selected the right location for your hydrangeas, it's time to plant them. Follow these steps to ensure proper planting and establishment:

  1. Timing: The ideal time to plant hydrangeas is in spring or fall when the weather is mild, and soil temperatures are moderate. Avoid planting during periods of extreme heat or frost.
  2. Digging the hole: Dig a hole that is wider and slightly shallower than the root ball of the hydrangea. The width should be at least twice the diameter of the root ball to provide enough space for the roots to spread out.
  3. Soil preparation: Before planting, prepare the soil by loosening it with a garden fork or tiller. Incorporate organic matter such as compost, well-rotted manure, or peat moss into the soil to improve its fertility, moisture retention, and drainage.
  4. Removing from the container: Gently tap the sides of the container to loosen the root ball. Carefully slide the hydrangea out, supporting the base of the plant to avoid damaging the stems or roots.
  5. Placing in the hole: Set the hydrangea in the center of the hole, ensuring that the top of the root ball is level with or slightly above ground level. Avoid planting too deep, as this can lead to root rot.
  6. Backfilling and firming the soil: Backfill the hole with the prepared soil, gently tamping it around the roots. Ensure the soil is firmly in contact with the roots to eliminate air pockets. After planting, thoroughly water the hydrangea to settle the soil and provide moisture to the roots.
  7. Mulching: Apply a layer of organic mulch, such as bark chips or shredded leaves, around the base of the hydrangea. Mulch helps conserve moisture, suppresses weed growth, and regulates soil temperature. Leave a gap between the mulch and the stems to prevent moisture-related issues.
  8. Staking (if necessary): Staking may be required to provide support depending on the size and growth habit. Place the stakes in the ground, ensuring they are firmly anchored without damaging the roots or stems. Use soft ties to secure the hydrangea to the stakes, allowing room for growth and movement.

Hydrangeas Care and Maintenance

Caring for hydrangeas involves regular maintenance tasks that promote healthy growth, abundant blooms, and overall plant vigor.


Hydrangeas require consistent moisture to thrive, especially during the growing season. Water deeply and thoroughly, ensuring the soil is moist but not waterlogged. Avoid letting the soil completely dry out between waterings, which can stress the plant and affect flower production. Mulching around the base helps retain soil moisture.


As new growth emerges, feed your hydrangeas with a balanced slow-release fertilizer in early spring. Choose a fertilizer formulated specifically for hydrangeas or one with a balanced ratio of nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K). Avoid excessive nitrogen fertilizers, as they can promote lush foliage growth at the expense of flower production.


Proper pruning helps maintain hydrangeas' shape, size, and health. The timing and method of pruning depend on the hydrangea species:

  • Mophead and lacecap hydrangeas (H. macrophylla): Prune these varieties immediately after flowering. Remove spent blooms by cutting back the stems just above a pair of healthy buds or a set of leaves. Avoid cutting too late in the season, as this can remove next year's flower buds.
  • Panicle hydrangeas (H. paniculata): Prune panicles in late winter or early spring before new growth begins. Cut back the previous year's growth to a pair of healthy buds or a few inches from the ground. This hydrangea is more tolerant of heavy pruning and can be shaped or trained into desired forms.
  • Smooth hydrangeas (H. arborescens): Prune smooths in late winter or early spring by cutting the stems a few inches from the ground. This rejuvenation pruning helps promote vigorous growth and ensures larger flowers.


Removing spent blooms, also known as deadheading, can enhance the appearance of your plants and encourage continuous blooming. Deadhead mophead and lacecap hydrangeas by cutting back the faded flowers to a pair of healthy buds or leaves. Panicle and smooth hydrangeas can also benefit from deadheading to tidy up the plant.

Winter protection

In colder regions, provide winter protection for hydrangeas to safeguard them from frost and freezing temperatures. After the first frost, apply a layer of mulch around the base of the plant to insulate the roots and protect them from temperature fluctuations. Avoid using heavy pruning in the fall, as this can remove the protective layer of old wood.

Pest and disease management

Monitor your hydrangeas regularly for common pests such as aphids, spider mites, and snails. Treat infestations promptly using organic insecticides or horticultural oils. Ensure good air circulation around the plants by avoiding overcrowding and watering in the morning to reduce the risk of fungal diseases.


In gardening, hydrangeas are magnificent artists, painting the landscape with their vibrant hues and intricate floral masterpieces. As you delve into hydrangea cultivation, you embark on a journey of creativity, where you become the curator of a living gallery.

With each carefully chosen variety, you shape the palette of colors, blending shades of blues, pinks, purples, and whites. Like delicate brushstrokes, the flowers dance upon your garden's canvas, capturing the gaze of passersby and whispering stories of nature's artistry.

So, embrace the world of hydrangeas, where creativity blossoms with every bloom. Allow yourself to be swept away by the enchantment they offer, and let their presence transform your garden into a sanctuary of beauty and imagination.

👉 Do you have any additional insights or questions? We highly value your feedback. Please share your thoughts by leaving a comment below.

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About the Creator

Amir Hossain

I blog on everything and anything— hoping my blogs will make your days a bit happier!

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