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Mahatma, the great!

All about Gandhiji.

By ShamreenaPublished 4 months ago 3 min read
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Mahatma, the great!
Photo by Greg Schneider on Unsplash

Mahatma Gandhi, whose real name was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, was a well-known figure in the Indian independence fight against British colonial control. He was born in Porbandar, Gujarat, on October 2, 1869, and his life story would go on to demonstrate the effectiveness of civil disobedience and peaceful resistance.

Early in life, Gandhi was known for his modesty and strong moral compass. After attending law school in London, he left for India in 1891. He became committed to social justice after seeing racial injustice against Indians while practicing law in South Africa. Gandhi started employing nonviolent civil disobedience as a tactic to fight for Indian rights.

His philosophy, known as "Satyagraha," emphasized the pursuit of truth and the use of nonviolent resistance to achieve social and political change. Gandhi's first major success came in 1915 when he led Indian immigrants in South Africa to win basic civil rights.

Returning to India in 1915, Gandhi became a key figure in the fight for independence. He promoted the idea of "Sarvodaya," the welfare of all, and "Ahimsa," nonviolence. His leadership during the Champaran and Kheda movements in the 1920s showcased his commitment to the welfare of farmers and peasants, as he fought against oppressive British policies.

The turning point in Gandhi's leadership came with the Salt March of 1930. In protest against the British monopoly on salt, he and a group of followers marched over 240 miles to the Arabian Sea, where they made their own salt by evaporating seawater. This act of civil disobedience galvanized millions and drew international attention to India's struggle for independence.

Gandhi's efforts in the 1930s led to the Civil Disobedience Movement, where he urged Indians to peacefully resist unjust laws. Despite facing imprisonment, he continued to advocate for unity among Hindus and Muslims, believing in a secular and inclusive India. His commitment to nonviolence was tested during the Quit India Movement in 1942, where he called for the British to leave India immediately.

Gandhi, distressed by the bloodshed and communal strife, embarked on a fast to promote peace and unity. His efforts to bridge the religious divide reflected his unwavering commitment to the principles of nonviolence. Tragically, on January 30, 1948, Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated by a Hindu nationalist who opposed his conciliatory stance toward Muslims.

Gandhi's legacy endures as a symbol of peaceful resistance and the ability of one individual to inspire transformative change. His teachings have inspired countless leaders, including Martin Luther King Jr. and Nelson Mandela, in their struggles against injustice.

In summary, the life of Mahatma Gandhi was an incredible voyage characterized by an unwavering dedication to social justice, nonviolence, and the truth. Gandhi's legacy is ingrained in history, serving as a constant reminder of the strength of nonviolent resistance to injustice, from his formative years in South Africa to the critical junctures of the Indian independence movement.

The values of truth, social justice, and nonviolence were central to Gandhi's philosophy. He tried to set an example for others, believing that self-control has the ability to transform. His ideas, which are sometimes called "Gandhian principles," comprised:

1. Ahimsa (Nonviolence):Gandhi considered nonviolence as the highest virtue and a powerful means for social and political change. He believed that individuals could resist oppression without resorting to violence, fostering understanding and reconciliation.

2. Satyagraha (Truth-force):Gandhi coined the term "Satyagraha," emphasizing the pursuit of truth and the use of nonviolent resistance to achieve justice. He believed that truth has the inherent power to triumph over falsehood and that individuals should be willing to endure suffering for the sake of truth.

3. Sarvodaya (Welfare of All):Gandhi advocated for the well-being of all, irrespective of caste, religion, or socio-economic status. His vision of Sarvodaya aimed at creating a just society where every individual could lead a dignified life.

4. Swadeshi (Self-sufficiency):Gandhi encouraged the idea of Swadeshi, promoting local self-sufficiency and economic independence. He believed that communities should produce their own goods and be less dependent on external sources, aligning with his principles of simplicity and sustainability.

5. Khadi (Handspun Cloth):Gandhi symbolized self-reliance through the promotion of Khadi, handspun and handwoven cloth. The use of Khadi was a statement against British-made goods and a means to empower rural artisans.

6. Constructive Program: Gandhi emphasized the importance of constructive work in building a just society. This included initiatives like promoting education, sanitation, and rural development. He believed in addressing social issues at their roots through positive action.

7. Communal Harmony: Gandhi worked tirelessly to foster unity among Hindus and Muslims, advocating for communal harmony. He believed in the idea of a secular and inclusive India where different religious communities coexisted peacefully.

8. Simple Living:Gandhi lived an austere and simple life, emphasizing the value of self-discipline and minimalism. He felt that people should live in harmony with nature and quit from excessive materialism. His emphasis on nonviolence as a force for change and his dedication to the social security of all people remain powerful and enduring aspects of his legacy.

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Shamreena

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  • Test3 months ago

    great read

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