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Brain Tumor Surgery & Types of Treatment article

Brain Tumor Surgery

By Arun RajeswaranPublished about a year ago 3 min read

A brain tumour is a mass or growth of abnormal brain cells that can cause headaches, seizures, changes in vision or speech, and trouble moving or keeping your balance, among other things. Surgery and other types of treatment can help people with brain tumours deal with their symptoms and maybe even get rid of the tumour.

Types of Brain Tumor Surgery

There are two main kinds of Brain Tumor Surgery : open surgery and surgery that does as little damage as possible. In open surgery, a cut is made in the scalp and a piece of the skull is removed to get to the tumour. This type of surgery is usually done on bigger tumours or ones that are in hard-to-reach places in the brain.

On the other hand, minimally invasive surgery involves making small cuts and using special tools to take out the tumour. This type of surgery is usually done on tumours that are small or in parts of the brain that are easier to reach.

During surgery for a brain tumour, the person will be given general anaesthesia to make sure they are comfortable and don't feel any pain. The surgeon will use special tools to remove as much of the tumour as possible without hurting healthy brain tissue.

In some cases, the surgeon may use imaging technology like MRI or CT scans to help guide the surgery and make sure the tumour is completely removed. Once the tumour has been removed, the surgeon may stitch, staple, or use surgical glue to close the cut.

After the surgery, the patient will be closely watched for any possible problems, like bleeding, an infection, or a change in how the brain works. The length of the hospital stay will depend on how much surgery was done and how healthy the patient is in general.

Different ways to treat brain tumours

In addition to surgery, brain tumours can be treated in a number of other ways, such as:

Radiation Therapy: High-power beams of radiation are used in radiation therapy to kill cancer cells. Depending on the type and stage of the tumour, radiation therapy can be done before or after surgery.

Chemotherapy: Drugs are used to kill cancer cells in chemotherapy. Chemotherapy can be taken by mouth or put into a vein (IV), and it is often used with other treatments.

Targeted drug therapy is a relatively new type of treatment that focuses on specific molecules that help cancer cells grow and spread. This kind of therapy is often used along with other kinds of care.

Immunotherapy is a kind of treatment that helps the immune system of the body fight cancer. This kind of treatment is still fairly new, and clinical trials are being done to learn more about it.

Watchful Waiting: For brain tumours that grow slowly, the doctor may suggest "watchful waiting." This means keeping an eye on the tumour with regular imaging tests and waiting to treat it until it grows or starts to hurt.

The choice of treatment depends on a number of things, such as the size, location, and type of tumour, as well as the patient's overall health and personal preferences. A group of doctors, including a neurosurgeon, radiation oncologist, medical oncologist, and others, will work together to create a personalised treatment plan for each patient.

In conclusion, surgery and other types of treatment can help manage the symptoms of a brain tumour and may even be able to remove the tumour. The choice of treatment depends on a number of factors, and a group of doctors will work together to come up with a personalised plan for each patient. Close monitoring and follow-up care are needed to find any problems and make sure the best possible results. possible outcomes.

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    ARWritten by Arun Rajeswaran

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