The first records of thermometers being used by people date the year of 1600, the tool known as the rudimentary water thermometer (which was invented by astronomer Galileu Galilei and consisted in a device filled with liquid and glass bulbs), which was, naturally, a simpler version of what is well-known and utilized nowadays, mainly as a consequence of the limited resources they had at that time. For a long time, it was unknown the correlation between temperature and illnesses, until Hermann Boerhaave, Gerard L.B. Van Swieten and Anton De Haen discovered that temperature and illnesses were indeed connected and that they could potentially treat their patients more efficiently and discover with less effort potential infections taking into consideration their body temperature.
Technology develops in a constant and rapidly move, for this reason society needs to adapt to this fast changes. That was a time when performing a surgery was out of cogitation and now, is not only possible to perform painless surgeries but also the improvement in technology is even creating new ways to make it more precise, effective, easily to recover and less invasive. This is possible with the use and assistance of surgical robots. Surgical robots are a high-technology device/tool that holds the surgical instruments and a camera, while a doctor executes the surgery manipulating a console while watching the procedure in the screen, which provides the professional with a better and limped vision of the patient, leading to a more precise surgery and, consequently, result.
Electric Wheelchairs - also commonly known as power chair - were first created to help wounded war veterans, to make traveling easier and to allow them to do simple daily tasks by their own. Technically speaking, the electric version has the same structure as the regular wheelchair, however, the structure is powered with motors or batteries, to keep it functioning without any human effort as all the movements are controlled by the user, automatically. Although this tool was very helpful since when it was first created (internet records dates the year 1595!), before being upgraded by George Klein during World War II, there will always have room from improvement. That is why this is a market growing consistently, mainly as a result of an intense rising in numbers of elderly population (caused by the modern longevity), continual accidents injuries and even obesity cases, in such cases mobility is compromised, requiring the government and accessibility affairs to provide a better structure in most countries, allowing people to travel safely and, at the same time, injecting money in the economy.
India has tremendous potential for power generation from renewable energy generation sources like wind, biomass, solar or hydro ,etc. Solar Photovoltaic is a technology that converts the solar radiation into electricity with the help of semiconductors. When the sunlight hits the semiconductor within the PV cells, electrons are released and form an electric current. Solar PV technology is generally fixed on a panel. PV cells are generally found connected to one another and are mounted over a frame called module, various modules can be wired together in an orderly arrangement and that can be scaled up or down depending upon the amount of power that is needed to be produced.
A smart Irrigation system can tailor the watering requirements based on time, and can automatically control the amount as per the landscapes. This is a way forward for making the irritation system more efficient. During Irrigation almost 50% of the water is wasted due to the overwatering which are a result of inefficiencies in the traditional irrigation system. Unlike the traditional irrigation methods that only work on a set preset that is programmed based on schedule and timmers the smart irrigation system also monitors various other factors like soil conditions, weather, plant water use and evaporation to automatically adjust the watering schedule. For eg: as the outside temperature rises or if there is a decrease in the rainfall, the smart system will consider these variables to alter the watering schedule and time. There are two types of smart irrigation controllers: on-site soil moisture sensor-based and weather-based. The right type can be chosen based on the landscape and the geographical location. The experts majorly agree that the smart irrigation systems conserve water somewhere around 30-50% as compared to the traditional systems.
Medical protective wear, also known as Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) is a set of preventive clothing equipment that aims to protect people working in the healthcare industry from acquiring a disease from patients, as well as to keep patients safe from the risk of spreading diseases to others. In this category of medical protective wearing are included gloves, gowns and eye/mouth and nose protection. Besides being a way of protection, as stated by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), medical protective equipment were designed with the intent to protect patient and health care professionals from transferring microorganisms, body fluids and particulate matter, additionally, it is fundamental to say that is not enough to have the right and safer equipment to wear, it must be wasted in the right and conscientious way as well.