Gender Meanings in the Eyes of the Media
In the strands of predominant media, stereotypes are cultivated and influence the audience on their own views and attitudes (Goodhall, 2012). Women are underrepresented on television compared to men (Sink & Mastro, 2016), even in this golden age for women. Women are usually represented in a sexual manner for the desires of men (Farvid & Braun, 2006) or of the proposed stereotypes of women and the roles they are supposed to uphold (Coltrane & Adams, 1997) due to the instated social roles (Eagly & Steffen, 1984).
Homosexuality Is Alright Now
Sexuality is something that had never really been an issue until the instatement of Abrahamic faiths (Naphy, 2006). Since then, homosexuality has been a major topic that was deterred against with the use of legislation (Spencer, 1996), along with being considered a mental disorder (DSM-III, 1981), with the word being instated as a pathology rather than a description of sexuality (David, 1998). Types of therapy and drugs were used to discourage the emotion feelings that developed within homosexuals and to neuter the arousal felt when implementing sexual liaisons (Smith, 2004). Some cases carried prison time (Spencer, 1996).
Gender and/or Sex
Gender and sex are two different concepts, even though they are often considered the same (Diamond, 2002). The essentialist understandings of biological differences between males and females (ergo sex) have allowed for a patriarchal society that is dominated by men (Nicholson, 1994). Sex created a division of labour due to capabilities that males had that were absent in females, and vice versa (Hartmann, 1976). Females evolved to be suited to nurturing offspring through physical and emotional care, whereas males evolved to be aggressive in order to protect sexual partners and offspring (Bjorklund & Shackelford, 1999).