Atlanta's history: from a railway terminus to a modern metropolis
Atlanta, Georgia, once a little settlement at the terminus of a railway track, has grown into a sizable metropolis with more than 500,000 inhabitants. It has evolved over 150 years into the birthplace of legendary individuals, the location of household names like Coca-Cola, and a focal point for movements that have changed the globe. By booking DTW flights from Detroit, you may begin organizing your vacation to Aruba and start making priceless memories.
A contemporary city, Atlanta, began as the Western & Atlantic railroad's terminus in 1837. It was first known as Terminus but was later renamed Marthasville in honor of the governor's daughter. In 1845, the name was changed to Atlanta, and the present city officially began in 1868 when Atlanta became the capital of Georgia.
The History of Atlanta's Name
The contemporary metropolis of Atlanta, whose name comes from the Greek word for "Atlantic," was once regarded as a representation of development and prosperity. According to historians, it was given that name by Georgia Railroad Chief Engineer Edgar Thomas in honor of the railroad's Atlantic side. Some people think the name of the contemporary city comes from his oldest daughter. The name of the city was largely influenced by its location at the meeting point of two significant rivers.
The Civil War and Atlanta
Due to its convenient access to railway lines, Atlanta, a minor hamlet during the Civil War, developed into a significant city in the Confederacy. The city's population doubled as a result of the growth of foundries, ammunition factories, and companies in support of the war effort. Atlanta also developed into a Confederate logistics hub, with stores filled with supplies like food, clothing, and firearms. The groundwork for Atlanta's current status as an economic powerhouse was set by these industrial enterprises and transportation alternatives.
General Sherman's invasion of Atlanta in 1864 prompted Union forces to sever the rail routes that the Confederacy used to reach the front lines. The Confederate army withdrew from Atlanta in September after sustaining terrible losses during the siege. Before destroying whatever the Confederate army might utilize in its war operations, Sherman's troops ordered the civilian population to flee Atlanta after seizing possession of it. Before moving on to the next stage of their campaign, foundries, the Georgia Railroad Roundhouse, and other industrial structures were destroyed, obliterating 40% of the city.
Changing to the Capital
The Civil War's destruction of Atlanta was a turning moment, but after Sherman's army left, the civilian population quickly recovered. Following an immediate period of reconstruction, Atlanta succeeded Milledgeville as the state's capital in 1868. Its strategic location and reputation as a large transportation hub make the city an important one.
Popular historical locations
The Martin Luther King Jr. National Historical Park and the Tullie Smith House, the oldest standing mansion in the city, are just a couple of the well-known historical structures that Atlanta is home to despite its early destruction. While King's final resting place and the church where he preached are both located in the park, the Atlanta History Centre highlights the city's historic buildings.
Visitors have the chance to see the original positions of artillery, and trenches, and walk in the footsteps of those who fought in this crucial fight at the Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park, which features hiking trails and conserved Civil War battlefields.
At the historic Oakland Cemetery, many notable Atlantans have found peace in death despite the hectic pace of the city, including author Margaret Mitchell and former governors.
With a focus on human rights, peace talks, and environmental preservation, the Jimmy Carter Presidential Library in Atlanta is a museum and library that celebrates the life and achievements of President Jimmy Carter. Exhibits showcasing memorabilia, images, and records from Carter's presidency and post-presidential work are available for visitors to view. Explore Aruba by booking a Detroit to Aruba flight.