designers

Coco Chanel, Michael Kors, Tory Burch, and more—explore who has influenced the world of fashion the most, and who might be the next big name.

  • test
    Published 3 months ago
    Michael Kors - a short bio

    Michael Kors - a short bio

    Michael David Kors, American fashion model. He's his brand's honorary president and visionary chief executive, Michael Kors, which sells male and female ready-to-wear, hats, watches, shoes, footwear, and fragrances. Kors was French house Celine's first ready-to-wear women's model, from 1997 to 2003. Michael Kors Holdings Limited also formally changed its name to Capri Holdings Limited on 2 January 2019. The three founding-led companies under Capri Holdings Limited are Michael Kors, Jimmy Choo and Versace. When he was very young Kors ' passion for fashion began. His mother may have been partially motivated by his fashion industry exposure and his fascination with her modelling work. Michael then adapted his mother's wedding dress for her second marriage at the age of five. Kors started fashioning clothes as a teenager and selling them out of his home basement, which he called the Iron Butterflies. When he was young, Kors even took acting lessons but quit when he was 14 because he wanted to concentrate on becoming a fashion designer. He enrolled in the New York City Architecture School of Technology in 1977. After only nine months, though, he dropped out and took up a job at a boutique named Lothar's across from Bergdorf Goodman on 57th Street in Midtown Manhattan, where he started as a salesperson and eventually became the company's founder and graphic presentation manager. Soon after, Kors was recognised by Dawn Mello, Bergdorf's production officer. He wondered if Bergdorf Goodman would show its customer line. His Michael Kors women's label was launched at Bergdorf Goodman in 1981. The company founded KORS Michael Kors as licensee in 1990. A 1993 Chapter 11 lawsuit, caused by KORS ' refusal to licence company Michael Kors, prompted him to place the label KORS on hold. He got back on his feet in 1997 and launched a lower price range, while at the same time being appointed French house Celine's first female ready-to-wear model. Kors turned the fashion house around in his time at Celine with classic bags, and a highly acclaimed ready-to-wear collection. Kors had left Celine in October 2003 to concentrate on his own company. Back in 2002 Kors launched the menswear collection. The MICHAEL Michael Kors brand was introduced in 2004 and replaced the original name Michael Kors Range. The MICHAEL Michael Kors collection includes the handbags and accessories for ladies, as well as ready-to-wear clothes for ladies. Kors had over 770 Lifestyle outlets globally at the close of the first fiscal year in 2016. Kors also has boutiques on the Line in New York, Beverly Hills, Palm Beach, London and Southampton. His women's fashion line, marketed as Michael Kors Collection, is available in the United States at Bergdorf Goodman, Saks Fifth Avenue, Neiman Marcus, Bloomingdale's and other department outlets. Michael Kors Collection is also held at the Chicago, Paris, Cannes, Milan, Osaka, Hong Kong, Shanghai and Seoul department stores. 2016 was the 35th anniversary of Kors ' Company. Kors ' ads also give his followers the jet-set lifestyle they know and love. The most recent advertisements for the Michael Kors corporation were taken by photographers Inez and Vinoodh and before that, Mario Testino. Previous advertisements show a Carmen Kass-themed African safari, and sail on a yacht. Jet-set fashion model Binx Walton features new commercials. Kors was a judge on Project Runway, the Emmy-nominated reality tv show that ran for five seasons on Bravo; filmed for following seasons on Lifetime. It was revealed on 18 December 2012 that Kors would leave Project Runway, to be replaced by Zac Posen, a fellow artist. Kors returned to Project Runway in 2016 on season 15 finale as a guest judge. Forbes announced in January 2014 that Kors had accrued personal wealth in excess of $1 billion. Silas Chou and Lawrence Stroll have both been minted by Michael Kors Holdings as "two billionaires"
  • test
    Published 3 months ago
    Augemars Piguet - a short bio

    Augemars Piguet - a short bio

    Audemars Piguet Holding SA is a Swiss luxury automatic watches and clocks maker, with headquarters in Le Brassus, Switzerland. The company was founded in 1875 in the Vallée de Joux by Jules Louis Audemars and Edward Auguste Piguet, and it adopted the name Audemars Piguet & Cie in 1881. From its inception, the company has been family owned. Audemars Piguet is a well-respected watch-maker. The group is best known for launching the Royal Oak wristwatch from 1972 which helped bring the company to prominence on the watchmaking industry. One of the early accomplishments of Audemars Piguet was the invention of the worldwide first-minute repeat loop for wristwatches in 1892. The brand also developed the first skeleton watch in 1934, which developed some of the best watches in the world, such as the ultra-thin automatic tourbillon wristwatch from 1986. Jules Louis Audemars and Edward Auguste Piguet had met each other in the early twenties, but had not been re-connected until 1874. They formed a partnership in 1875, and their company began. Audemars Piguet & Cie was officially established in 1881 and has headquarters in Le Brassus, a Swiss village in the Vallée de Joux region. Prior to this, Audemars and Piguet were watchmakers too. Audemars developed intricate watch movements that could be used by other watchmakers, including Tiffany Co. Piguet specialises in watch transfer management. When running their own business, they divided the responsibilities while partnering: Audemars was responsible for the development and maintenance issues while Piguet was concentrated on distribution and administration. The business members of the second generation were Paul Louis Audemars and Paul Edward Piguet, and Jacques Louis Audemars and Paulette Piguet were of the third generation. In the 1970s, particularly after the launch of the Royal Oak range, Audemars Piguet rose to a significant role in the watchmaking market. Company members of the fourth generation come from both the Audemars families including Jasmine Audemars and Olivier Frank Edward Audemars. Currently the company is an official member of the Swiss Watch Business Federation of FH and manufactures around 40,000 timepieces a year. One of Audemars Piguet's company phrases is "Break the Rules, You Will Know Them First." The logo was launched in 2012. In December 2018 the World Wide Fund for Nature issued an official study for 15 major watch makers and jewellers in Switzerland with environmental awards. Along with seven other brands including Patek Philippe, Breguet and Rolex, Audemars Piguet has been given the lowest environmental ranking as "Latecomers / Non-transparent," indicating that the firm has taken very few measures to reduce the environmental and climatic effects of its manufacturing activities. Audemars Piguet's latest range of watch models comprises Royal Oak, Royal Oak Model, Royal Oak Offshore, Millenary, Jules Audemars, Haute Joaillerie, Classique and Number 11.59. In 1995 it published the Millennial Collection. The concept behind the innovative design was to give the audience a 3D vision of a traditional watch shift. Rectangular cases and domed sapphire crystal define these. For a view of the balance wheel the off-focused watch dial is noteworthy. Audemars Piguet says that their calibre 4104 is inverted to allow the dial to see more parts. All the Millennial Watches share the case on the machine dial and a similar Damaskeening or Côtes de Genève. The Jules Audemars collection, named after one of the designers, takes inspiration from more conventional Audemars Piguet designs. In 1875, Jules Audemars produced some 20 very complicated movements which he later used as collateral when he founded Audemars Piguet & Cie with Edward Piguet in 1881. Those gestures marked Audemars Piguet's departure. Both watches are revolving in design in this series, some have complexities such as tourbillon, minute repeater and perpetual calendar. The newest addition to the portfolio of Audemars Piguet is the Code 11.59 range, introduced at the 2019 "Salon International de la Haute Horlogerie." There are a host of special features on display. All Code 11.59 watches display a chapter ring with numerals reflecting seconds for time-only models, a chronograph model of tachymeter, and a calendar of perpetual week-planner type. In this sequence the crystals on all the watches show a peculiar curvature that affects the way the dial appears at other angles.
  • test
    Published 3 months ago
    Max Mara - a short bio

    Max Mara - a short bio

    The Max Mara is a Italian supermarket company. That sells up-market, ready-to-wear apparel. It was designed in Reggio Emilia, by Achille Maramotti in 1951. The company, in March 2008, had 2,254 stores in 90 countries. It finances the Creative Competition for Max Mara Girls. Achille Maramotti began designing couture garments in 1947, and the Max Mara House was formally founded in 1951. The "Mara" came from his nickname when Count Max, a local character who was rarely sober but always trendy, was named "Max" Maramotti among the first to see that the future of fashion was in the mass manufacturing of high-quality designer garments. While he employed Karl Lagerfeld, Jean-Charles de Castelbajac, Dolce & Gabbana, Narciso Rodriguez] and Anne Marie Beretta, he still preferred to showcase the brand of Max Mara, rather than the names of individual designers. The company remains family owned. Max Mara produced 35 labels while Max Mara remains the core womenswear for the company. Sportmax, Sportmax Card, Max Mara Weekend, Marella, Pennyblack, iBlues, MAX&Co. and Marina Rinaldi are some of the other brands. This last one, which was produced in 1980 and named after Achille Maramotti's grandmother, is one of the best-known ones: for The Independent, in her Maramotti obituary. Jennifer Garner will become Max Mara's first celebrity spokesperson as of 17 July 2013. Achille Maramotti was born 7 January 1927 in Reggio Emilia, Italy. Maramotti had been educated in Rome and obtained a law degree from the University of Parma. According to the 2005 Forbes Rich List, Maramotti was one of the richest men in the world, with a fortune of US$ 2.1 billion. He had died in Albinea, Italy, on 12 January 2005. Maramotti's two sons and daughter, Luigi, Ignazio and Ludovica, preceded him into the business; Luigi Maramotti is Chairman of the firm. Upon his death there was made open to the public according to Maramotti's wishes a large and important collection of contemporary art from Europe and America. Inspired by the passion for tailoring from his mother and grandmother, Achille Maramotti produced Max Mara in 1951 in Reggio Emilia, Italy. He started with a series of high-end coats stylistically inspired by French haute couture but made with state-of - the-art contemporary tailoring techniques. In this Maramotti had discovered an fascinating new field of development. His methods have produced more patterns, forms, and colours than ever before, allowing him to touch a far broader audience. His clothes gained immediate and overwhelming success and within a few short years the brand launched new products under the umbrella group of Max Mara. Today Max Mara is one of the top fashion houses in the world and the Max Mara Group – which consists of 19 independent labels – is the largest shopping company in Italy. More than 60 years after Maramotti made his first jackets, the brand remains at the forefront of fashion, making beautiful clothes imaginable in nearly every genre from the traditional to the new. The Max Mara brand conjures up an image of camel coats and typical Northern Italian clothing, but three-decade creator Ian Griffiths isn't what you'd expect. The man sitting opposite me in the Guardian canteen was the unstarry interview spot, being next to where he lives when he's in London is the most popular British artist you've ever heard of. Max Mara is the rare brand, a fashion-week label whose focus is in the real world, valued at more than £ 1bn in gross sales. Max Mara hasn't had a public-facing designer for six decades, a remarkable move in Milan's fashion week's gladiatorial arena, where both celebrities and companies mirror Donatella Versace, Giorgio Armani and Dolce & Gabbana. And then in February last year, Griffiths cast Halima Aden in his catwalk sequence, making Max Mara the first Milan sequence to feature a woman wearing a headscarf. Before the show Griffiths told Luigi Maramotti, the president and producer, about the casting. "He said it was fine, but he hoped it wouldn't get too much publicity, which, of course, drew interest, but Mr Maramotti was delighted and it was a completely constructive response.
  • test
    Published 3 months ago
    Moncler - a short bio

    Moncler - a short bio

    Moncler S.p. A is recognised mainly for their skiwear apparel business. Created by René Ramillon and André Vincent in 1952, Moncler was named after the abbreviation Monestier-de-Clermont, an Alpine town near Grenoble, France. Italian billionaire Remo Ruffini, who listed the company on the stock exchange in 2013, purchased the brand in 2003. The name is an abbreviation of Monestier-de-Clermont, a mountain village close to Grenoble. They designed the first quilted coats to protect workers from the cold. They were wearing the jackets over their overalls in the tiny mountain institution. The first to note them and recognise their ability was the French mountain rider Lionel Terray. The result was an expert show entitled "Moncler pour Lionel Terray." In 1954, Moncler quilted jackets were chosen to suit the Italian expedition to K2 which resulted in the capture of the world's second highest mountain by Achille Compagnoni and Lino Lacedelli. Moncler also joined the French expedition that reached the Makalu Summit in 1955 and was Lionel Terray's official provider for expeditions to Alaska in 1964. Moncler was the official manufacturer of the French national downhill ski team at the 1968 Grenoble Winter Olympics. In 2003, the president and CEO of Italian billionaire Remo Ruffini bought out Moncler, who was to introduce the concept of a quilted suit worldwide. On 16 December 2013, Moncler's IPO on the Milan Stock Exchange took place with an expected bid of € 10.20 a share.] The securities were over-subscribed 27 times and rose 47 percent on the first day, culminating in a market capitalization of over € 4 billion. In February 2018, Moncler launched the Moncler Genius project, a new creative and business model in which well-known designers create exclusive collections that represent Moncler's identity and are released monthly. An electronic code verification system was implemented by the agency to check bought products and cope with counterfeiting problems. The sources of the name lie in its own roots: Moncler is in turn an abbreviation of Monestier-de-Clermont, a mountain village close to Grenoble. The company was founded here in 1952 by pioneering entrepreneurs René Ramillon and Andrè Vincent, who would continue to produce the iconic down jacket. Just quilted sleeping bags, a single version of a lined hooded blanket, and tents with a telescopic frame and an external flysheet were made by Moncler in the fall. As the new market phenomenon of mountain holidays began to take hold, these robust, functional items soon proved a hit with the public. The first down jackets were made in the tiny mountain factory to protect workers, who wore them over their overalls against the cold. They were first discovered and foresaw its future by French mountaineer Lionel Terray. The result was the specialist collection ' Moncler pour Lionel Terray ': down coats, salopettes, boots, and sleeping bags offering high resistance and protection from the harshest climate. All the new observations were put to the test and slowly perfected in a variety of expeditions. In the same year, Moncler down jackets were selected to equip the Italian expedition to K2 (8,611 metres), which contributed to the ascent of the highest peak in the world by Achille Compagnoni and Lino Lacedelli. The French expedition that reached the summit of Mount Makalù earned Moncler down jackets. Moncler is the official manufacturer for the Lionel Terray-led expeditions to Alaska. Moncler is the official supplier of the French downhill ski team of mark the Grenoble Winter Olympic Games, thanks to a national distribution worldwide commercial network. This was the moment when Moncler finally made its grand entrance into the city in dazzling colours, with its original stitching and its ' lacquered ' influence. In the 1980s, Designer Chantal Thomass was one of the rising fashion stars of the Parisian scene, and collaborated for the company until 1989, reworking the classic down jacket style. The company replaced the zips with buttons and incorporated textures such as feather piping, satin and reversible. Moncler opens Korea's first directly regulated e-commerce.
  • test
    Published 3 months ago
    Net-a-Porter - a short bio

    Net-a-Porter - a short bio

    YOOX NET-A-PORTER Group is an Italian online apparel retailer founded on the merger of the Yoox Group and the Net-a-porter Group on 5 October 2015. Federico Marchetti initially formed Yoox in Milan in 2000, and Natalie Massenet founded Net-a-Porter in London in 2000. Richemont invested in Sleep as from 2003. Yoox purchased NAP shares in Richemont in 2015, and set up the Yoox-Net-a-Porter Network. Richemont acquired YNAP in May 2018 by buying 95 per cent of the available shares of the company. The merged company has developed into a global leader in e-commerce, representing more than 180 countries around the world. The company continued to expand throughout 2013, retailing goods by over 350 artists, attracting more than two million monthly visitors to the platform, and averaging sales of about $850. Stella McCartney, Yves Saint Laurent and Diane von Furstenberg are amongst the brands it retails. Labels like Alexander Wang, Roland Mouret's Yves Saint Laurent and RM have created small collections exclusively for the website. Writing in The Observer in 2010, Eva Wiseman noted that the availability of Net-a-Porter to designers is becoming increasingly important: "not only guarantees future buyers, but their success offers demand for apparel on the market." Net-a-Porter has hired 2,600 people in the United Kingdom, the United States and Hong Kong as of September 2013, with additional offices in Shanghai and distribution hubs in the three-city suburbs. In early 2014, a print publication called Porter was launched by Net-a-Porter, which included an accompanying app and an electronic edition of the newspaper. In 60 countries about 400,000 copies will be distributed six days a year. Previously, Net-a-Porter launched a sportswear segment to their website entitled Net-a-Sporter, building off their branding. The Web site's Sportswear section was launched in July 2014. Speaking about introducing Net-a-Sporter to the online roster of the e-tailer, President Alison Loehnis of the company said "We find a niche in the market as a one-stop fitness wear store where elegance meets versatility and where quality and design are equally valued." Massenet announced in August 2014 that she originally intended to call the website, "What's New, Pussycat?." The contract was announced in March 2015, and in September entered into effect. About 180 nations are part of the network. Richemont, Net-A-Porter's parent company, held 50% of the remaining available shares, but limited its voting rights to 25%, allowing Yoox to run the group. Yoox founder Federico Marchetti was the company's CEO and Natalie Massenet, Net-a-Porter's founder resigned after the merger was completed. The organisation had "three million visitors every month" in 2009, with "more than one million goods shipped around the world." In 2013 the company exported more than 1.7 million goods to 53 countries. Federico Marchetti is the CEO and founder of Yoox; and Massimiliano Benedetti is chief sales and marketing officer. Marchetti, who had worked as a market analyst with "Bain & Co., Lehman Brothers as a consumer goods expert and as a mergers and acquisitions broker," studied economics at Bocconi University in Milan and was awarded an MBA from Columbia Business School. The US division of the group, Yoox Inc., is a Delaware corporation that has branches in TriBeCa, New York, and New Jersey fulfilment centres. Yoox has collaborated with Houston's Port Logistics Department for US-industry supply chain services such as inventory returns, re-packaging, and distribution across the U.S. The relationship has provided "a close collaboration with European brands ' U.S. brands and divisions in the U.S." Yoox Group revealed its intentions for an initial public offering in Spring 2009. This initial public offering was made in late November 2009 at the height of the price boom, and the deal was arranged between Goldman Sachs and the Milan-based investment firm Mediobanca.
  • test
    Published 3 months ago
    Next - a short bio

    Next - a short bio

    Next plc is a major British clothes, footwear, and home products retailer with headquarters in Enderby, Leicestershire. It has about 700 stores, of which about 500 are in the UK and about 200 are in Europe, Asia and the Middle East. Next is the UK's biggest retailer of clothes by sales, having overtaken Marks & Spencer at the start of 2012 and 2014. It is a member of the FTSE 100 Index and is listed on the London Stock Exchange. The company was founded by Joseph Hepworth at Leeds in 1864 as a tailor under the name Joseph Hepworth & Son. Originally Hepworth was in partnership with James Rhodes but split in 1872. Hepworth quickly expanded the company on his own, becoming a pioneer in the expansion of the chain stores in Britain. By 1884 the company had 100 outlets. For much of its life, Hepworth focused primarily on the ready-to-wear suit market and the company launched Hardy Amies, the renowned Savile Row designer, to further revitalise the ready-to-wear suit line in 1963. In 1981 the firm purchased for £ 1.75 million from the supermarket group Merged English Retailers womenswear chain Kendall and Sons. That took over 600 high street stores in Britain to Hepworth. Davies, who was elected Chief Executive in 1984, then switched 50 Hepworth shops to the Modern Model, extending the general trend look to cover menswear at once. This allowed mini department stores to spread across the entire footprint, selling apparel for women and men. Added to that was the arrival of Next interiors to stores that were deemed to be in the "right metropolitan areas." In 1986, Davies moved the office from Leeds to Leicester to get closer to the main manufacturers of clothes and changed the business name to Next plc. In May 2014, the Living Wage Foundation bought Next stock and attended the annual general meeting in an attempt to convince the corporation to pay at least £ 6.70 to become one of the 700 providers paying living wages in the UK. Threatened second, as it proved to be a good workplace and prospered. Professor Sir George Bain, who lifted the minimum wage in 1999, said employers could afford to pay even more, but enforcement might lead to retail unemployment if understood. The company was one of the businesses criticised by Janice Turner in The Times in October 2014 for failing to pay a living wage. British businesses devote £ 28 billion on low-paid employees, and Turner says retail companies are exacerbating inflation and actually contributing to the British benefit bill payroll expenses. When asked why their lowest paying employees were so poorly rewarded despite record profits, they replied that they had thirty candidates advertising for each role. First, there are three major channels: First Supermarket, a British supermarket chain of 550 + branches; Next Directory, a home shopping directory and website with more than 3 million registered customers; and Next Worldwide, with 180 + stores worldwide. The other businesses include Next Production, with own brand products; Lipsy, which develops and sells its own branded younger women's clothing goods through retail channels, web and twitter. Until around 1991 Next used a lower case typeface on a white background in black of Courier-style for their logo. This was replaced by the capitalised NEXT symbol in a Roman-serif style profile. There were some variations of this where the logo for each NEXT letter in an individual square and the Next logo was written on them in some shops in 2005/2006 in a similar blue & black backdrop, where "X's" as opposed to the black background. Additionally, during the use of the symbol there were many typeface variations, including similar fonts that had serifs above the "T" crossbar, close to Garamond and more in line with Times New Roman. After the continued use of the previous logo until stock was gone, a new next logo was introduced in 2007
  • test
    Published 3 months ago
    Ray Ban - a short bio

    Ray Ban - a short bio

    Ray-Ban is an Italian luxury sunglasses and eyeglass brand based in the USA, created in 1936 by the American company Bausch & Lomb. The brand is known for its Wayfarer and Aviator sunglasses line. In 1999, Bausch & Lomb sold the firm to the Italian eyewear group, Luxottica Group, for a reported US $640 million. In 1929, US Army Air Corps Colonel John A. Macready collaborated with Bausch & Lomb, a maker of surgical instruments based in Rochester, New York, to develop aircraft goggles that would reduce the pain created by the bright blue and white sky hues for pilots. MacCready was mainly concerned with how pilots ' goggles would fog up, significantly reducing high altitude visibility. Created in 1936, the system became known as "Anti-Glare," it had plastic frames it green lenses that could break off the glare without obscuring vision. In 1938 they added lenses which were resistant to impact. The following year the sunglasses were retrofitted with a metal frame and copyrighted as the Ray-Ban Aviator. According to the BBC, the glasses were using "Kalichrome lenses intended to sharpen focus and minimise haze by filtering out blue light, rendering them suitable for misty conditions." In 1999 Luxottica Group acquired the Bausch & Lomb Global Eyewear Division, including Ray-Ban, for US$ 640 million. The most common Ray-Ban sunglasses are the Wayfarer and Aviator models. During the 1950s, Ray-Ban introduced the Echelon (Caravan), and had a argument for squarers. The Olympian I and II were released in 1965, and became popular in the 1969 movie Easy Rider when they were worn by Peter Fonda. The company also created limited-edition pieces, such as The General in 1987, similar to General Douglas MacArthur's original aviators worn during World War II. Ray-Ban is a line of sunglasses and shows produced by American corporation, Bausch & Lomb, in 1937. The brand is best known for the Wayfarer and Aviator Sunglasses styles. In 1999 Bausch & Lomb sold the company to the Italian eyewear group Luxottica Group for a reported US$ 640 million. The company is based in Arkansas and has a population of over 55,000. In 1929, US Army Air Corps Colonel John A. Macready collaborated with Bausch & Lomb, a supplier of surgical instruments based in Rochester, New York, to develop aircraft goggles that would reduce the pain created by the bright blue and white sky hues for pilots. MacCready was especially concerned with the clouding of pilot goggles, which greatly limited vision at high altitude. The tool, developed as ' Anti-Glare ' in 1936, had rubber frames and green lenses that could shake off the glare without obscuring vision. They also introduced lenses that were resistant to impact all through 1938. The sunlasses were revamped with a wire frame the next year, and were patented as the Ray-Ban Aviator. The glasses used "Kalichrome lenses designed to sharpen highlights and minimise glare by blocking out blue light, making them ideal for misty weather" The guiding values of Ray-Ban, a generation-long leader of sun and prescription eyewear, are timeless beauty, authenticity and freedom of expression. Since the introduction of the popular Aviator style created for US Army aviators, Ray-Ban has been at the centre of cultural change, becoming a symbol of self-expression worn by celebrities and public figures across the globe. Because Ray-Ban has stepped up its growth and redefined its marketing, in 1999 the fashion company joined the Luxottica Group. Luxottica had 213 sites in operation as of 31 December 2018, mainly in China. From its inception the Ray-Ban has been all about optimism. Since the original concept of sunlasses for American airmen, and its countless celebrity appearances, Ray-Ban has advertised itself as the company everyone wants to see it. To any fashion-conscious person who wants to look like their hero, buying a pair of Ray-Bans will be the ultimate wish. The invention of the Ray Ban Aviator The invention of the popular Ray-Ban Aviator brand has its origins in the meteoric growth of flight speed. In the 1930's, the rapid progress of military aircraft design permitted pilots to fly ever farther, faster, and higher. That nevertheless produced a problem.
  • test
    Published 3 months ago
    Skechers - a short bio

    Skechers - a short bio

    Skechers USA, Inc. is a design and performance organisation selling American apparels. The brand, based in Manhattan Beach, California, was founded in 1992, and is now the third largest athletic footwear business in the United States. Skechers was founded in 1992 by Robert Greenberg who had previously founded L.A. Technology dated to 1978. Greenberg has tried to draw on the demand for trendy clothes. Skechers ' early products were utilitarian-type gloves and skateboots. Since then, the company has diversified into athletic shoes, as well as recreational and casual collections for men, women and children. Two styles of garments are sold by the brand: a fashion division covering Skechers Memory Foam, the BOBS charity range and Casual Comfort comfort clothes, and a fitness section covering GOrun Skechers and GOwalk Skechers footwear. The firm, by licencing agreements, offers personalised bags, watches, eyewear and complementary items. Skechers uses celebrity-driven advertisements, including pop stars Demi Lovato and Camila Cabello, baseball players Clayton Kershaw, David Ortiz, and nfl players Tony Romo and Howie Long who promoted with celebrity on their products. The Skechers Value Team has called professional athlete Meb Keflezighi and the celebrity golfers Matt Kuchar, Brooke Henderson, and Wesley Bryan. In 2014, Skechers reached a sponsorship contract with vocalist Ringo Starr. On March 1, 2019, Skechers launched a print and internet reference promotional campaign entitled "Just Blew It" in 2010 Skechers began its Skechers Base to clarify the Zion Williamson missing shoe case with rival Adidas. Skechers and the Friendship Foundation plan an annual walk to raise funds for a charity which helps students connect with special needs with their peers. In 2012, Skechers agreed to settle a class action lawsuit worth $40 million, based on a US claim. The Federal Trade Commission is arguing customers have been misled by the Shape-Ups ads. Skechers, a internationally award-winning multibillion dollar corporation, produces and manufactures a quality and value offering known for beauty, innovation, price and convenience. The company's head-to-toe ranges for adults, women and children feature an growing array of clothing and shoes, as well as large offerings of footwears. Skechers has goods distributed in more than 170 countries and more than half of its net sales targeting the international sector, and good opportunities for more expansion worldwide. The company sells its collections directly to the consumers via third-party delivery partners and through more than 3,000 Skechers retail stores and e-commerce pages. Skechers is traded on the New York Stock Exchange under the initials SKX, with offices in Manhattan Beach, California. The "Golden Bubble" pair looks scuffed and well-worn. This was the stone-washed, pre-torn denim version of the footwear which was widely common at the time. Because of its unisex look, the style appealed to both sexes and became an popular street boot sign for the "grunge" generation. Skechers have branded it in other brands, including Cross Colours and Karl Kani. In 1993 it was decided that refinement of your own name should be more valuable. There was also the unveiling this year of the "Chrome Dome" by the Greenberg Skechers. This was not Greenberg's first impression of the unforeseeable, big shift in retail trading. Throughout the 1960s, he started his career and worked in various retail roles: from selling wigs to beauty parlours, purchasing jeans from suppliers, to opening a roller skate shop. Yet his first big break came when he obtained the licence to put picture of the film character E.T. He has braces on his shoulder. As Greenberg went out independently to found Skechers, he was one of the founders of L.A. Clothing that had now grossed over $900 million in sales in seven years of operation, the yield of neon tennis shoes that drew female tastes. Prior to 1992 L.A. Gear experienced a significant drop in market share, and the company kicked out Robert and his son Michael.
  • test
    Published 3 months ago
    Tiffany & Co. - a short bio

    Tiffany & Co. - a short bio

    Tiffany & Co is an American luxury jewellery and boutique retailer operated by LVMH based in New York City, selling watches, silver coins, china, crystal, stationery, fragrances, wine bottles, shoes, personal accessories and leather goods. Tiffany is renowned for its luxury items, particularly diamond and sterling silver jewellery. It markets itself as an arbiter of fashion and design. Such products are sold through direct mail and corporate merchandising at Tiffany shops. Tiffany & Co. was founded in 1837 by the jeweller Charles Lewis Tiffany, and became famous in the early 20th century under the artistic direction of his son Louis Comfort Tiffany. The business runs retail stores throughout the Americas, Asia-Pacific, Japan, Europe and the UAE. Tiffany had 93 stores in the United States and 321 stores globally in 2018; net sales totaled USD 4.44 billion. Built in 1837 by Charles Lewis Tiffany and John B. Young in Brooklyn, Connecticut, as a "stationery and fancy goods emporium," with the assistance of father Charles Tiffany who funded the store for just $1,000. The shop initially sold a wide variety of stationery items and, as of 1838, traded as "Tiffany, Young and Ellis" at 259 Broadway in Lower Manhattan. When Charles Tiffany took over in 1853, the name was changed to Tiffany & Company and the company's focus was established on jewels. The company opened stores in big cities around the world at the time. Unlike other shops of the time in the 1830s, Tiffany clearly branded their premium prices to avoid haggling of any price. In addition, Tiffany allowed only cash payments against the standard practise at the time, and did not allow credit transfers. These methods were first developed in 1750 by the Palmer of London Bridge. Tiffany & C. The Foundation was founded in 2000 and provides grants to non-profit organisations working in the fields of environment and arts. In June 2004, Tiffany sued eBay claiming the company had made money off the sale of Tiffany imitation products; however, Tiffany lost both in court and on appeal. A collaboration between Japanese mobile provider SoftBank and Tiffany & Co was revealed in 2009. The two firms produced a cellphone that was limited to 10 copies and featured more than 400 diamonds, weighing more than 20 carats. Every cell phone costs more than 100 million yen. A newspaper storey in early July 2013 announced that Tiffany & Co. vice president Ingrid Lederhaas-Okun had been arrested and charged with stealing over $1.3 million in diamond bracelets, drop earrings and other jewels. The court proceedings filed against Lederhaas-Okun charged her with "wire fraud and interstate shipping of stolen goods," according to Manhattan police. Tiffany's flagship store has been located at the intersection of Fifth Avenue and 57th Street in Manhattan, New York City since 1940. The black granite exterior is well known for its window displays, and the store was the backdrop for a number of classics, including Tiffany's Restaurant, starring Audrey Hepburn, and Sweet Home Alabama by Reese Witherspoon. The former Tiffany & Company Building is situated on U.S. 37th Street. List of World Historic Places. The company's production facilities manufacture about 60 per cent of the items produced, the remainder, including rose-gold and nearly all non-jewelry pieces, come from outside third parties. Tiffany's has a broad U.S. manufacturing base, with jewellery and silver items manufactured in Mount Vernon, New York; majority in Cumberland, Rhode Island; and Lexington, Kentucky, while silver hollow-ware is produced in Rhode Island. The company's several branches based in non-U.S. Diamond sorting, carving, and polishing equipment. Following the initial publication of the catalogue Tiffany "Blue Book" in 1845, Tiffany continued to use the catalogue as part of its marketing strategy. One of the first full colour paper catalogues, the Tiffany catalogue remained available until 1972. In 1994 Tiffany's mail order catalogues reached 15 million people. Tiffany also sells a corporate holiday range each year, and corporate clients purchase Tiffany pieces for corporate gift-giving, employee-service and performance-recognition bonuses, and sales promotions. Tiffany also produces a range of packages but its pricing strategy is no longer focused purely on its stock.
  • test
    Published 3 months ago
    Under Armour - a short bio

    Under Armour - a short bio

    Under Armour, Inc. is a US company that markets footwear, exercise, and casual clothes. It is based in Baltimore, Maryland under the global headquarters of Armour, with additional branches in Copenhagen, Boston, Guangzhou, Hong Kong, Houston, Bangkok, Warsaw, Mexico City, Zurich, New York City, Panama City, Brussels, Cleveland, Seattle, San Francisco, São Paulo, Santiago, Seoul, Shanghai and Toronto. On 25 September 1996, Under Armour produced Kevin Plank, then 24-year-old former special team captain of the University of Maryland football team. Plank originally started business out of his grandmother's basement in Washington, D.C. He spent his days in the trunk of his car riding down the East Coast, wearing nothing but cloth. The first transaction in the business was in late 1996 for a $17,000 contract. Plank moved from his grandmother's apartment to Baltimore. After a few moves in the city, he moved to his new headquarters in Tide Point. Once a front-page USA Today illustration of Oakland Raiders qb Jeff George wearing a Under Armour mock turtleneck, viewers started to remember the brand. The first major Under Armour deal came after the front page, after a Georgia Tech plant manager asked Plank for 10 jerseys. This bid paved the door for a deal with NC State, Arizona State and other Division I football clubs. News spread and orders started to develop with positive reviews from supporters. Under Armour launched several new lines of apparel the same year including ColdGear, TurfGear, AllseasonGear, and StreetGear. Under Armour, 500 Under Armour HeatGear tops had been sold by the end of 1996, raising $17,000 for the company. In 1997 Plank had $100,000 in orders to bring in, and chose a factory in Ohio to manufacture the garments. The corporation is considered to be the primary commercial sponsor for the reality tv show Duck Dynasty and has gained attention for taking a stand with Phil Robertson's family "patriarch." At the 2014 Winter Olympics the costumes worn by speedskaters were given under Armour. Although wearing the latest Mach 39 speedsuits, the US speedskaters lost but the skaters failed to survive when they reverted to their previous style suits. Although there seemed to be no structural flaw in the suit resulting in poor results, the suits ' declaration dropped by 2.38 per cent under Armour stock. The organisation has been actively vying for Nike to negotiate a marketing deal for NBA MVP Kevin Durant, promising a reported US$ 250,000,000 for 10 years. Nevertheless, in the end, Adidas re-signed Durant after agreeing to create an deal that would give US$ 300,000,000. Under Armour, on December 5, 2016, signed a 10-year contract with Major League Baseball to become the official on-field clothing provider to the MLB, starting in 2020. Under Armour will replace Majestic, which has been the provider of clothing to MLB since 2004. Nonetheless, in May 2018 Under Armour was said to be pulling out of the MLB deal to save around $50 million to the company. Nike would then become the supplier of on-field uniform for the team. The contract MLB entered into with Nike on 25 January 2019 became official. Items under Armour include sports shoes, t-shirts, hats, hoodies, tops, leggings, trousers, and accessories such as jackets, gloves, caps and protective gear. U.S. rugby, baseball, and soccer uniforms are made under Armour, among other sports. Under Armour's widening product lines, such as TurfGear, AllseasonGear and StreetGear, put Under Armour at the forefront of the emerging performance apparel sector. Under Armour their Women's Fitness Clothing collection was launched in 2003. Under Armour, announced an expansion to their ColdGear product range, named Infrared, after their release in 2013. This line aims to use ceramic powder to dissipate heat through the wearer's body and recirculate it. This was supposedly designed so as not to have the heat signature of the wearer. Also introduced in 2012 under Armour was a product with scent recognition technology dubbed "Under Armour Scent Protection." The line is built to protect the wearer from detecting the tang.
  • test
    Published 3 months ago
    Ralph Lauren - a short bio

    Ralph Lauren - a short bio

    Ralph Lauren Corporation is an American apparel company that manufacturers products from the mid-range to luxury divisions. They're known in four categories for clothes, product marketing, and drug delivery: apparel, home, cosmetics, and fragrances. The company's products include the mid-range brand Chaps, the sub-luxury brand Lauren Ralph Lauren, the premium brands Polo Ralph Lauren, Double RL, Ralph Lauren Childrenenswear, Denim & Stock Ralph Lauren, and Club Monaco, as well as Ralph Lauren Purple Label and Ralph Lauren Collection, the whole clothing lines. Ralph Lauren Company is a private, publicly traded holding corporation headquartered in New York City which was established in 1967 by private fashion designer Ralph Lauren. In 1967 the Ralph Lauren Corporation started offering relationships for men. At the age of 28 Lauren worked with the tie-maker Beau Brummell. He begged the company's President to let him start his own business. In 1968 Lauren named his first complete menswear line ' Polo ' based on his athletic interests. He worked from a showroom out of a small "drawer" in the Empire State Building and provided deliveries of his own businesses. In 1978, the first Ralph Lauren fragrances, manufactured by Warner-Lauren, Ltd, were issued by Bloomingdale's. For us Chelsea, and the Polo men's cologne. This was the first time a brand has produced two fragrances at the same time. Of 493 professionally operated branches, the Company completed Fiscal 2016: 144 Ralph Lauren locations, 77 Monaco Club stores and 272 Polo shops. The Group had operated 583 concession stores worldwide by the end of the year. Apart from the commercial outlets, at the end of Fiscal 2016, 93 Ralph Lauren stores and 42 dedicated shops were run by international licencing partners as well as 133 Club Monaco stores and shops. Ralph Lauren maintains two own flagship stores across the street on Madison Avenue in New York City – for menswear in the former Rhinelander Building, and for feminine wear and home in a new building that opened in 2010. The company also operates flagships for Ralph Lauren brands retailing in Chicago, Manhasset, Greenwich, Berlin, Milan, Tokyo, Moscow and Paris. In 1989 at the Georgetown University Hospital in Washington D.C. the Nina Hyde Institute for Breast Cancer Research was co-founded. Fashion reporter Late Article in memory. Ralph Lauren served as President in 1994, setting up the logo and model for CFDA's Apparel Targets Breast Cancer, a charitable campaign that marshals funding and money from the fashion community to increase public awareness and fund breast cancer internationally. In 2000, the Ralph Lauren Organization initiated the Volunteer Program, which energises staff and builds meaningful links with the communities in which they work. On September 15, 2000, Ralph Lauren Company launched the Pink Pony Program, a nationwide initiative aimed at reducing cancer treatment gaps by increasing awareness, as well as encouraging prevention, screening and diagnosis in remote and underserved communities. The Polo Ralph Lauren Foundation created the American Heroes Fund in 2001 after September 11 to encourage Polo's 10,000 workers around the world, as well as their clients, to assist in the relief effort. Harlem was the founder of the Ralph Lauren Institute for Cancer Treatment and Prevention in 2003. The Center is a collaboration between Ralph Lauren, Memorial Sloan-Kettering and the General Hospital in Harlem, New York City. Created in 2004, Polo Fashion School is where business managers partner with youth in the inner city to gain insight into the clothing industry. A $10-million donation from Polo Ralph Lauren to Save America's Treasures in 2008 saved the Star-Spangled Banner, the original 1813 flag which inspired Francis Scott Key to compose the National Anthem. The flag was also displayed on Wednesday, November 19, 2008 in a new exhibit at the Smithsonian National Museum of American History, in Washington D.C.
  • test
    Published 3 months ago
    Salvatore Ferragamo - a short bio

    Salvatore Ferragamo - a short bio

    Salvatore Ferragamo was an Italian fashion designer and the founder and one of the first and longest leaders of Salvatore Ferragamo S.p. A., a high-end luxury goods shop. One of the most innovative shoe designers in the 20th century, Salvatore Ferragamo, gained fame in the 1930s. Ferragamo drew influence from literature for his clothing as well as experimenting with wild materials such as kangaroo, crocodile, and shark hides. The cork wedge sandals are recognised as one of the most common types of shoes in the 20th century. Salvatore Ferragamo, born in 1898 to a poor family in Bonito, Italy, near Avellino, was the eleventh of 14 children. Salvatore knew at the age of nine that he had discovered his calling after making his first pair of shoes for himself, a series of high heels. Following a year studying shoemaking in Naples, Ferragamo opened a small shop in his father's house which was the start of the business. He emigrated in 1914 to Boston, Massachusetts, where one of his brothers had been working in a cowboy booting factory. After a brief stay at the plant Ferragamo convinced his brothers to move to California, first to Santa Barbara, then to Hollywood. There, Ferragamo achieved success, opening a repair shop and made-to-measure shoes for the first time, leading to a long period of footwear trend in the cinema. He couldn't make out why his sneakers pleased the eye and damaged the foot so he went on to study anatomy at the University of Southern California. Having spent 13 years in the US, Ferragamo moved to Italy in 1927, settling in Florence. From Cooch Behar Maharani to Eva Peron to Marilyn Monroe, he started to fashion the women's garments. He opened a laboratory in the Via Mannelli, focusing his attention on experimenting with architecture, applying for patents on ornamental and utility types, and other related inventions. Although, owing to poor management and economic pressures, he filed for bankruptcy in 1933, during the 1950s Ferragamo expanded his business into a workforce of about 700 skilled craftsmen who manufactured 350 pairs of handmade shoes a day. "The Rainbow" was created by Salvatore Ferragamo in 1938, and was the first instance of modern-day platform shoe going to the West. The sandal platform was designed for US singer and actress Judy Garland. The shoe was a nod to Garland's signature hit "Over the Rainbow," featured in The Wizard of Oz feature film. The pair was constructed from moulded cork slabs that were suede-coated to produce the wedge and gold kidskin used for the braces. His development was the result of a wartime rationing experimenting with emerging technology during World War II. Salvatore Ferragamo died in 1960, at the age of 62, but his legacy continues as a global company that has extended its operations to include luxurious shoes, bags, eyewear, silk fabrics, jewellery, perfumes and a ready-to-wear collection of clothes. Upon his death, his wife Wanda, and later their six children, managed the company. His most famous invention is the "Cage Feet" In 1978 Fiamma invented the "Vara pumps." In 1995 the Palazzo Spini Feroni opened a museum dedicated to Ferragamo's life and career. In the 1930s Ferragamo had bought the palazzo. The Ferragamo Foundation was established by Ferragamo's fashion group, Salvatore Ferragamo S.p. A., in Florence in March 2013. The foundation was formed on the basis of Salvatore Ferragamo's concepts for fostering young designers. The company is owned by Ferragamo's family that included in November 2006 Wanda, Salvatore's aunt, five daughters, 23 grandchildren and other relatives. There is a clause that the business can only work with three family members, creating fierce rivalries.