designers

Coco Chanel, Michael Kors, Tory Burch, and more—explore who has influenced the world of fashion the most, and who might be the next big name.

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    Published 3 months ago
    Zalando - a short bio

    Zalando - a short bio

    The headquarters of European e-commerce group Zalando SE are in Berlin, Germany. The business follows a network model that offers fashion and lifestyle items to its consumers in 17 European markets. In Germany Zalando was founded in 2008. The Swedish company Kinnevik is Zalando's biggest stakeholder, with a 32 per cent share. Zalando was founded in 2008 by Rocket Web, Robert Gentz and David Schneider, initially under the name Ifansho. Zalando was originally inspired by US online retailer Zappos.com and focused on footwear sales. In 2012, Zalando began operating outside of Germany offering distribution to Austria. In 2010 the company started operations in the Netherlands and France and added apparel to their portfolio. In 2011 it opened online shopping sites in UK, Italy and Switzerland. The following year Zalando spread to Sweden, Denmark, Finland, Norway, Belgium, Spain and Poland. Since 2013 Zalando has turned the use of examples by East Tech companies, particularly China, into a digital platform in Europe. Emulating Chinese companies, Zalando set out to become a digital shopping centre that would also allow fashion houses and retailers to make transactions through the Partner Program but with little Zalando feedback. In 2014 Zalando was listed on the Frankfurt Stock Exchange. Since 22 June 2015 Zalando has been a member of MDAX. In 2015 Zalando began working with Topshop and started selling items online. Ads featuring the model Cara Delevingne is broadcasted in Germany, Switzerland and France. Zalando purchased the fashion trade fair "Bread & Butter" in June 2015, with the goal of opening the globally important event as a "concept festival" to a broader audience. Zalando's first edition of "Bread&Butter" was held in 2016, drawing 20,000 guests to the Berlin Arena. In 2018, Zalando launched Beauty in Germany, Poland and Austria and opened a beauty concept store in Berlin offering a variety of beauty products that constantly evolve. Zalando has introduced the beauty and health products of men to its list, and launched the loyalty programme "Zalando Plus" for customers in Germany. In February 2018 Zalando expanded her relationship with physical stores in Germany. In June 2018, Zalando expanded his operations toward Ireland and the Czech Republic. Through the new distribution facilities of Zalando the markets are served. In November 2018 Zalando revealed that due to a strategic change "Bread&&Butter" would be discontinued. Zalando opened a new logistics facility in Brunna, Sweden in early 2019 and handed over its first own logistics facility to Fiege Logistics in Brieselang, Germany. Zalando operates a customer-centered retail strategy that aims to be "the starting point for fashion" in Europe. It currently offers more than 300,000 products from around 2,000 different brands in fashion and lifestyle. The main operations of Zalando are carried out in Germany, with centralised management headquarters in their Berlin headquarters. The business employs more than 6,000 workers in Berlin and more than 15,000 in total. More than 2,000 staff are dedicated to Technology at Zalando's Tech Centers in Munich, Dublin and Helsinki, software centres in Erfurt and Mönchengladbach, and Ad Tech Lab in Zalando, Hamburg. Around 7,000 employees are working at eight Zalando distribution locations. The business also operates an off-price app, Zalando Lounge, as well as several discount stores in Germany. The company operates in the following countries: Australia, Austria, Switzerland, France, Belgium, the Netherlands, Portugal, Italy, Spain, Poland, Sweden, Denmark, Finland, Norway, Ireland, the Czech Republic, Luxembourg and the UK. According to statements by the German Federal Economic Ministry, between 2007 and 2012, the German newspaper Bild reported that Zalando received approximately € 3.3 million in regional growth subsidies. Zalando has applied for grants for the 2013 financial year. The Deutsche Mittelstandsnachrichten claimed that the Samwer brothers ' business model is predicated on the use of foreign capital and cheap labour to rapidly grow a product, selling it as soon as possible. In November 2015, the Center for Protection against Unfair Competition in Germany filed a lawsuit alleging that Zalando had misled consumers about the price of these products, implying that they had to move quickly to p
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    Published 3 months ago
    Steve Madden - a short bio

    Steve Madden - a short bio

    Steven Madden, Inc. is a publicly traded company based in Long Island City, New York. The business designs and markets shoes and fashion accessories for women, men and children and was founded by Steve Madden, the eponymous designer and entrepreneur. Amongst the brands are Steve Madden, Steven by Steve Madden, Madden Boy, MADDEN, Steven Freebird by Steven, Stevies, Betsey Johnson, Betseyville, Report Signature, News, Big Buddha, Wild Pair, Cejon, Jocelyn and Crazy Love. According to the company website, Steve Madden started the business with $1,100 in 1990, by selling shoes from the trunk of his car. Steven Madden, Inc. was incorporated on July 9, 1990 in New York and resettled in Delaware in November 1998. The Company reported $1.4 billion in net sales for 2015. There are about 120 Steve Madden stores across the U.S., and 250 in over 65 countries. Steve Madden is both an American fashion designer and businessman. He is best known for being the founder and former CEO of a publicly traded firm, Steve Madden, Ltd. Madden was raised as the son of a Jewish mother, and an Irish Catholic father in Far Rockaway, Queens. He grew up in neighbouring Lawrence, and graduated from Nassau County, New York's main high school. After high school Madden studied at the University of Miami for two years, before transferring to Long Island. He began the company as the youngest of three children with $1,100 in 1990, by selling shoes out of the trunk of his car. Madden's financial dealings were closely associated with Long Island's "pump and dump" brokerage house, Stratton Oakmont, co-founded by Madden's childhood friend Danny Porush, who first lent him money to expand his young business, and then signed up for his initial public offering. In June 2000 a class action lawsuit was filed against Madden for intentionally making false and misleading statements during the Class Period. In 2004 a settlement of $9million was reached. The SEC filed charges in New York State Federal Court against Madden in 2001, alleging violations of the Constitution. Since the infringements were not illegal in nature, the SEC sought to recover $1,637,000 in a combination of taxable wages, interest, and civil penalties. In 2002 Madden was charged with bribery in the theft of money, cash and shares. He was sentenced to 41 months in gaol, and made Steven Madden, Ltd., resign as CEO and the board of directors. Immediately after resigning as CEO, Madden established himself with Steven Madden, Ltd. as a design consultant, a position that he received $700,000 for even while in gaol. Madden spent time at the Federal Prison Camp Eglin Air Force Base, and then at the Coleman Federal Correctional Center in Ocala, Florida. Madden was released from gaol in April 2005. He later visited a New York City halfway house. Joel Winograd, Madden's attorney, said Madden stayed 60 days at the home. After his release from a halfway house he had been confined to home detention for a while. After Madden was released from prison in 2005, the company has quickly rebounded, rising revenues by nearly $100 million in 2006 to $475.1 million in 2006. That same year Steven Madden, Ltd. was named ' Company of the Year ' for the second time at the Footwear News Achievement Awards. With Madden now serving as the founder and executive chairman, the company continues to achieve year-over-year revenue growth of $1.65 billion for FY2018. Madden has contributed to The Doe Trust, an agency committed to solving homelessness problems, neglect and recurrence of criminal matters. Steve Madden, based on the same name Jordan Belfort autobiography, is featured in the Martin Scorsese movie The Wolf of Wall Street. Visiting Stratton Oakmont is seen in the film Madden, where Belfort gives the brokers a rousing pep talk about moving Madden's stock. After watching the film, Madden criticised his portrayal as "too nerdy." Following his release from gaol in 2005, Madden married his former operations director Wendy Ballew. The couple have three children, twins being Jack and Stevie Madden, and Goldie Ryan being Madden. The couple split in 2015.
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    Published 3 months ago
    Urban Outfitters - a short bio

    Urban Outfitters - a short bio

    Urban Outfitters, Inc. has headquarters in Philadelphia, Pa and is a multinational premium retail company. This operates in the United States, Japan, the United Kingdom, Spain, Denmark, France, Germany, Ireland, Belgium, Canada, Italy, the Netherlands, Israel, and the UAE. The business Urban Outfitters provides young people with a variety of casual clothes, footwear, make-up and fitness items, accessories, active-wear and appliances and housewares for women and men, as well as music, mainly vinyl albums and cassettes. Most of the merchandise is imported and distributed through the wholesale division of the company, under many private labels. The company was founded in 1970 by Richard Hayne, Judy Wicks, and Scott Belair as Free People retail store as a project for an entrepreneurship programme at the University of Pennsylvania. This was renamed in 1976, and sold as Metropolitan Outfitters. Urban Outfitters, Inc. (URBN) runs various URBN secure retail stores including Anthropologie, Free Men, Landscape, BHLDN and The Vetri Party. Urban Outfitters is a fashion focused retailer specialised in selling shoes, lifestyle accessories, and apartment pieces. This specifically concerns teens and young adults participating in hipster subculture and trendy styles. In 2007, Urban Outfitters received the National Heritage Honor Award for the Campus of the Urban Outfitters Corporate Office built on Philadelphia's Naval Shipyard from the National Trust for Historical Heritage. Urban Outfitters received the Global Award for Creativity 2007 from the Urban Land Institute for the same project. In March 2008, the company visited the Philadelphia Flower Show to promote the new Terrain brand, and won the Alfred M. Campbell Trophy, the Earth Trophy, People's Choice Award and Best in Series. On November 27, 2009, the organisation gained the attention of the Swedish press for denying collective bargaining privileges at its Stockholm store by leaving all 38 workers unemployed and re-hiring them through the employment agency Academic Service. Ombudsman Jimmy Ekman called for more restrictive regulations in relation to the move to prevent more businesses in this direction that breach collective bargaining rights. In 2011, it decided to sell exclusive models of Polaroid ONE600 instant cameras and Type 779 instant cinema, in partnership with the Austrian billionaire Florian Kaps, who bought the rights to produce 700 versions of the discontinued brand. In January 2013, it hired the former Republican Sen. Spencer Abraham's lobbying company Abraham & Roetzel to lobby in Washington, D.C. On top of it on industrial market strategy. In Q4 2015, the company announced plans to buy the Philadelphia Vetri Family restaurant business. The buy represents the retailer's strategy shift as the company is facing a slowdown in the same store sales and foot traffic. It covers the Amis Trattoria, Bar Amis, and Pizzeria Vetri restaurants. Philadelphia has two branches in Pizzeria Vetri, with other locations in King of Prussia, PA and Washington DC. The company gained attention in 2019 by advertising the selling of recycled VHS tapes for $40. For some of its products, brands from Urban Outfitters have also been the subject of various demonstrations and attacks, including from national, legal and cultural rights organisations including a NAACP state affiliate, the Anti-Defamation League and the Navajo Nation. Established in 1970 in a small street space across the street from the University of Pennsylvania, Urban Outfitters opened as a boutique retail destination and cultural centre for college-age artists. In a few short years, the first UO had developed into a small convenience store with an increased variety of merchandise and added services, offering a wider community atmosphere with restaurants, concerts, and hang out spots. Today, Urban Outfitters has more than 200 stores in the U.S., Canada and Europe offering experiential shopping offers that include a tailor-made range of women's, men's, apparel and home items with an eye for creativity and cultural sensitivity in mind. The idea of Urban Outfitters as a place for likeminded creative people and the creation of green spaces is progressing today. We respect our clients ' interests and values, represent society at all levels and encourage social media interaction, events, community involvement and entrepreneurial opportunities.
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    Published 3 months ago
    Valentino - a short bio

    Valentino - a short bio

    Valentino is an Italian apparel company founded by Valentino Garavani in 1960 and part of the Valentino Fashion Group, which in turn belongs to the State of Qatar through Mayhoola for Investments S.P.C. Since October 2008, the creative director has been Pier Paolo Piccioli. Alessandra Facchinetti was the Valentino design designer from 2007 until 2008. Valentino is based in Milan while Rome is the artistic direction. Valentino was created in 1960, when Garavani opened a fashion house on Via Condotti in Rome, Italy with the help of his father's associate Giancarlo Giammetti. In 1962 Valentino's international debut was in Florence, then the capital of Italian fashion. Wedding dresses have been specially designed by Valentino for Elizabeth Taylor, Anne Hathaway, Jennifer Lopez, Courtney Cox, Sophie Hunter and Princess Madeleine of Sweden too. In 1998, Garavani and Giammetti sold the company for around $300 million to HdP, an Italian conglomerate that was partially owned by late Fiat president Gianni Agnelli. In 2002 Valentino S.p. A. sold by HdP. For $210 million to Marzotto Apparel, a Milan based fashion company with revenue of over $180 million. It was speculated that HDP was displeased with Garavani and Giammetti's personal spending, a comment Giammetti had bristled at. In 2012, Qatar bought Valentino for 700 million euros through an investment fund called Mayhoola for Investments S.P.C. Born in Voghera, Pavia, Lombardy, Italy, Valentino was born. His mum called him after the screen hero Rudolph Valentino. He became involved in fashion when he was apprenticed at primary school in his native Voghera, Lombardy, northern Italy, under his aunt Rosa and local designer Ernestina Salvadeo, an aunt of renowned artist Aldo Giorgini. Valentino then travelled to Paris to pursue the passion with the aid of his mother Teresa de Biaggi and his father Mauro Garavani. There, he taught at the École des Beaux-Arts and at the Syndicale de la Couture Parisienne Chambre. Jacques Fath, in Paris, and then Balenciaga, was his first choice for an apprenticeship. He pursued an apprenticeship with Jean Dessès, allowing Countess Jacqueline de Ribes to formulate her clothing ideas. He then joined in with Guy Laroche for two years. At Jean Dessès, Valentino sketched enthusiastically, assisting window dressing and inviting clients for private shows everyday at 2:30 pm. Many early sketches have gone missing. Nevertheless, a smattering of them emerged at a Rome show in 1991, where then-current clients like Marie-Hélène de Rothschild where Elizabeth Taylor marvelled that Valentino's brand Heritage was still evident in the white plates and textures of animal prints. After five years over an incident involving prolonging a holiday in Saint-Tropez, Valentino left Jean Dessès, which still makes him sad today. His friend Guy Laroche rescued him, and he entered his "small, tiny" fashion room. Upon agreeing with his parents he decided to travel to Italy and start up as Emilio Schuberth's pupil in Rome in 1959, and later collaborated with Vincenzo Ferdinandi's workshop before starting up his own fashion shop. Valentino left Paris in 1960 and with the help of his father and his wife opened a fashion house in Rome along the posh Via Condotti. The premises resembled a real "maison de haute couture" rather than an atelier, being very much in line with what Valentino had seen in Paris. It was all very grand and models flew in from Paris for his first show. Valentino became renowned in the fashion industry for his red skirts, in the bright shade that was renowned as "Valentino gold." In September 2007 Valentino agreed to give up the Creative Way of his brand. Maria Grazia Chiuri and Pierpaolo Piccioli were first appointed Creative Directors of all accessories lines from Prêt-à-Porter to Haute Couture, and the next year they were appointed Valentino's Creative Directors, heading all the collections. In June 2015, the prestigious CFDA International Award was presented to the creative directors, a recognition that paid homage to the professional journey and success of the Maison. Maison Valentino appointed Pierpaolo Piccioli as the new Artistic Director of the House on 7 July 2016.
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    Published 3 months ago
    Topshop - a short bio

    Topshop - a short bio

    Topshop is a British retail multinational retailer that offers clothes, shoes, beauty, and accessories. It has about 500 shops worldwide, of which around 300 are in the UK – plus online operations in many of its markets. The current CEO is Ian Grabiner and is part of the Arcadia Group, which is under the leadership of Sir Philip Green. In the 1960s, Topshop began as a brand extension of the department store of Peter Robinson, and initially sold clothes by young British designers including Mary Quant and Stirling Cooper. Peter Robinson was a female apparel chain, purchased by Burton in 1946. Topshop was founded in 1964 as Peter Robinson's Top Shop, a youth store within the Sheffield area, which then had a large department in the Oxford Street shop. It was high fashion for the "new and special generation," as The Times called it in 1965, and the store stocked clothing with people like Mary Quant and Gerald McCann. In 1966 the firm had a store in the Peter Robinson Supermarket in Norwich. In 1973, the parent company of the Burton Group initiated a major expansion of its womenswear market, splitting the Top Shop of Peter Robinson into two shops to be known as Peter Robinson and Top Shop. While Peter Robinson will reach the audience of over 25s, it has been announced that Top Shop will focus on the age group from 13 to 24 years old with Ralph Halpern overseeing the new business. By 1974, Peter Robinson was the one from 22 to six outlets, while Top Shop was rising independently and described as "highly competitive." Miss Selfridge and Harrods ' Way In luxury division were among the biggest competitors in retail. In the space of two years, the Top Shop had 55 independent shops, with more to come out according to a The Times article. It was identified as having a: "clear sense of purpose" by fashion editor Prudence Glynn. That year, it made £ 1 m of profits. Top Shop accounted for a majority of Burton's net sales in 1978. In 2015 Topshop began to work with online retailer Zalando and started offering their products in their shops. Commercials using the Cara Delevingne pattern have been demonstrated in Germany, Switzerland and France. Topshop was a significant sponsor of London Fashion Week under her leadership, endorsing the 2002 Newgen arm that supports young British designers, and a year later the Fashion East initiative that acts as a bridge between London's luxury colleges and the Newgen scheme. This funding is continuing, and has been part of the catwalk programme for the London Fashion Week since 2005. As of 2012, it is part-owned by a US-based private equity firm. Topshop has over 510 stores and others that are franchised; there are more than 300 stores in the UK. It operates across 37 countries and through internet operations in a number of markets. Topshop began preparing its relocation to the United States in the mid-2000s, and was scheduled to land in New York as early as 2007. This also takes place on a web site that purchases in Nordstrom's stores. The major cities had a small range of private-run shops. On 5 November 2014, it opened a flagship store in New York City, located at Fifth Avenue. The shop was the largest international venue, and second only to the Oxford Lane square footage shop, London. This is their second store in New York City, which opened first on Broadway in 2009. On 23 May 2019, Arcadia filed a Chapter 15 bankruptcy in the United States and announced that its 11 freestanding top-shop stores will be liquidated and sold in the coming months; however, Topshop will continue to sell its products exclusively at Nordstrom locations. Topshop announced a five-year plan to grow internationally in early 2011, with the goal of opening new stores in Asia, Australia and the US as well as seeking markets in Europe. Although Japanese flagship stores opened in 2006, in 2015 all 5 Japanese shops shut down. In 2013, the parent company Arcadia started stepping up its franchise agreements by announcing a planned 150 new store openings with partners in Canada, Australia and Vietnam, including Topshop and Topman outlets.
  • Emma Reidy
    Published 4 months ago
    First Place in Unpopular Opinion Challenge
    Unpopular Opinion: Golden Goose Footwear Aestheticize Class and Erase Labor

    Unpopular Opinion: Golden Goose Footwear Aestheticize Class and Erase Labor

    As the world reached its second millennium twenty years ago, the West was in the midst of an unprecedented and exponentially increasing gulf between producer and consumer. As most assemblage and creation of clothing continue to move in large swathes from the domestic to the international sphere, customers purchasing garments experience a distance between these textiles and their own lives. This results in a desire for an individual story attached to these mass-produced clothes at the level of aesthetics in high fashion and materiality of ready-to-wear apparel. As we transition further into the 21st century, internet platforms widen this interaction between producer and consumer. Coupled with individual story-based digital architecture as well and a push towards secondhand buying due to climate anxieties, having a story behind the garments you’re wearing seems more important than ever, even if that story isn’t yours.
  • Anne & Anamesa
    Published 4 months ago
    NYFW 2020: BRAND A
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    Published 4 months ago
    Vera Wang - a short bio

    Vera Wang - a short bio

    Vera Ellen Wang is an American fashion designer who is based in New York. Veronica ' Vera ' Ellen Wang was born and raised in New York City, and is Chinese. Her parents were born in mid-1940s China, and moved to the USA. Her mother, Florence Wu, was a translator for the United Nations while her friend, Yanjing University, and MIT graduate Cheng Ching Wang ran a medicine business. Her maternal grandfather was the military-governor of the province, Wu Jingbiao. Wang has a younger sibling, Pound Ridge Golf Club, founded by Pete Dye pharmaceutical executive and owner Kenneth "Ken" Wang. Shortly after graduation from Sarah Lawrence University, Wang was recruited to become a Vogue reporter, making her the youngest writer on the publication. She worked 17 years at Vogue, leaving to settle in 1987 with Ralph Lauren, with whom she had been working with 2 years. She quits at 40 and is a freelance designer in bridal wear. On September 10, 2019, for her Spring / Summer 2020 fashion show, which celebrated her brand's 30th anniversary, Vera Wang returned to the New York Fashion Week runway after a 2-year sabbatical, during which she only displayed her designs through photos. The series received very positive reviews, Godfrey Deeny praising it as "a beautiful collection by one of the few New York designers with a clearly recognisable history of fashion," while Bridget Foley described Vera's designs as "Beautiful, seriously designed shoes with gutsy panache." However, the show was disrupted by a number of major footwear errors, particularly in the finals, where the shoes had been put. In 1990, she opened her own luxury boutique at the Carlyle Hotel in New York City, and displayed her signature bridal gowns. She has opened bridal boutiques in New York, London, Tokyo and Sydney and has since established her name through her collections of fragrances, shoes, eyewear, makeup and homeware. On 11th February 2011, David's Bridal launched "Pink by Vera Wang." The costs of bridal gowns range from $600 to $1,400 and provide a more affordable way to wear Vera's designs to more brids. In 2002, Wang began the home clothing company and launched The Vera Wang China and Crystal Line, followed by the 2007 launch of her discount brand, Simply Vera, which is exclusively sold through Kohl's. Woman Charlotte York found Wang's wedding dress to be the best wedding dress in the Sex and City TV series, and borrowed it for her reception from Trey MacDougal. Wang's design was described on NBC television show The West Side in the episode "The Black Vera Wang." Vera Wang stars as herself on ABC's Ugly Betty Television show, styling an outfit for Wilhelmina Slater's wedding to Bradford Meade. Vera Wang was in the movie Sex and the City with the bridal gowns that Carrie Bradshaw was wearing in her Vogue photo shoot. For the film Bride Wars, Vera Wang, Anne Hathaway and Kate Hudson made gowns for rock style. In the film Diary of a Crazy, Black Girl, which scares Brenda, Madea rips off a dress made by Vera Wang. Too many at the Spies! Episode "The Wedding Crasher," a thief named Wera Van, takes vengeance on those who failed to wear her designs for marriage. In the TV show Buffy The Vampire Slayer's episode "The Party" In the TV show How to Get Away With Murder, the actress Michaela Pratt played a custom Vera Wang wedding gown as she asked her fiancé, Aiden Walker, about his sexuality. Wang, as herself, brings President Samantha Mackenzie's daughter and her companion Mia to put on marriage dresses in First Daughter's national comedy. Mackenzie is said to be in close contact, squeezing her hands and kissing her cheek.
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    Published 4 months ago
    TJ Maxx - a short bio

    TJ Maxx - a short bio

    TJ Maxx is a department store chain in America, usually priced at cheaper prices than other large, comparable outlets. It has more than 1,000 stores in the U.S. making it one of the world's largest clothing retailers. The company is part of TJX Corporation. It offers clothes and accessories for men, women and baby, toys, bath and makeup, cosmetics, and home-made items ranging from furniture to kitchen utensils. TJ Maxx and Marshalls have a similar presence in the country as sister outlets. Although their prices are virtually similar and have equivalent shop designs, TJ Maxx is more compact than Marshalls and usually offers a broader variety of fine jewellery and accessories. Few bigger boutiques include a high-end retail store called The Runway. Ernie Herrman is Executive Vice President of TJX Corporation. In 1976 Bernard Cammarata created TJ Maxx as a nameplate for the Zayre chain of discount department stores in Framingham, Massachusetts. In September 1988, Zayre sold the nameplate to Ames, a competing discount department store. Zayre revealed a business turnaround programme entitled "TJX Businesses, Incorporated" in December. TJ Maxx opened the AJ Wright Shop Chain in the autumn of 1998. In January 2007 the store folded. In March 2009, the e-commerce website was launched, initially only offering handbags, and later the range went up to include clothes, shoes, watches, other accessories and some home products. In a widely cited article by Mallory Schlossberg from 2016, Company Insider described TJ Maxx as "the worst concern of Macy." In a later post, Schlossberg also wrote about how the soaring sales from TJ Maxx "would be a problem for ailing department stores trying to persuade customers to pay full price." While off-price outlets are steadily disrupting mainstream department stores, reflecting a change in customer shopping patterns, TJ Maxx's revenues have risen to outstrip Macy's. According to The Economist, "the overheads at TJX and Ross are nearly half those of Macy's or Nordstrom as a proportion of sales," and Fortune believed those "the higher product turnaround and the expectation that an item on a store would not be available at a TJ Maxx or a Marshalls next week contributed to a boom in this discount sector and made these retailers a rarity in business: customers a rarity in business. The business revealed a data security breach dating back to 2005 in 2007: since January 2003 computer hackers have been getting access to credit and debit card payment information for payments. That opened more than 100 million consumers from their accounts to the possible fraud. It has impacted customers who used their card at every branch of TJ Maxx between January 2003 and June 2004, according to the report. Data was stolen in June 2005 by hackers who installed malware via wi-fi, enabling them to access sensitive information about consumers. In January 2007, the infringement stopped. Other TJX retailers featured TJ Maxx, Marshalls, Walmart, HomeSense, A.J. Wright, KMaxx, US Bob's Retailers, Canada's Costco and HomeGoods stores and possibly the UK and Ireland TK Maxx sites. In 2008, 11 men were arrested from all around the world for the violation. In 2007, a global technology company, Protegrity predicted that the liabilities incurred by TJ Maxx as a consequence of data breach could in subsequent years surpass £ 800 million as a consequence of waiting for credit checks and compliance expenses to deal with the infringement debacle. The Massachusetts Bankers Association, and co-appellants including Maine and Connecticut Affiliated Banks, sued TJ Maxx Corporation for electronic fraud. Computer programmer Albert Gonzalez was sentenced to 20 years in federal prison in March 2010 after confessing that many firms, including TJ Maxx, had stolen credit and debit card records.
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    Published 4 months ago
    Omega - a short bio

    Omega - a short bio

    Omega SA is a Swiss premium horloger located in the Swiss region of Biel / Bienne. Founded by Louis Brandt in La Chaux-de-Fonds in 1848, the firm was originally known as La Generale Watch Co. until 1903, when it acquired the name Omega, and became Louis Brandt et Frère-Omega Watch & Co. In 1982, the company officially changed its name to Omega SA and is now part of The Swatch Group. Omega opened the Biel / Bienne museum to the public in January 1984. In 1917 Britain's Royal Flying Corps used omega clocks for their combat units as the official timekeepers, much as the United States did. Combat, as of 1918. NASA had omega watches to pick from, and in 1969, the first Moon watch. Omega has also been the main timekeeping tool for Olympic Games since 1932. James Bond has worn it in film since 1995; other famous Omega wearers in the past and in the present include Buzz Aldrin, George Clooney, John F. Kennedy, Mao Zedong, Elvis Presley and Prince William. Founded in 1848 by Louis Brandt at La Chaux-de-Fonds, Switzerland, Omega's forerunner, La Generale Watch Co., made pocket watches from the parts supplied by local craftsmen for key-wound precision. Through Britain, he sent his watches from Italy to his key destination, Scandinavia. His two sons, Louis-Paul and César, developed an innovative in-house manufacturing system and complete production control in 1894 which allowed the component parts to be interchanged. They sold watches made under the name La Generale Watch Co Omega, using certain techniques. The Omega brand's success caused La Generale Watch Co to spin off the Omega brand as its own corporation in 1903, and the Omega Watch Co was officially founded in 1903. Though Omega and Rolex had dominated during the pre-quartz era, something shifted during the quartz crisis of the 1970s. Despite of their groundbreaking quartz movement, Japanese watchmakers like Seiko and Citizen got to the fame. For contrast, Rolex has opted to concentrate on its luxury mechanical chronometers where its power lies, while Omega has tried to compete with the Japanese in the quartz watch market with Swiss-made quartz movements. Between 1975 to 1981 the banks bailed out SSIH, ravaged by the severe currency crisis and contraction. Throughout this time Seiko expressed interest in having Omega but the talks resulted in zero. Following a radical financial overhaul, the R&D divisions of ASUAG and SSIH merged manufacturing operations at ETA complex in Granges. In 1983 the two companies joined hands to fully form ASUAG-SSIH, a holding firm. Two years later the family company was taken over by a group of private investors headed by Nicolas Hayek. This independent firm, called SMH, Société de Microélectronique et d'Horlogerie, has become one of the largest watch manufacturers in the world in the next decade. That founded the Swatch Brand in 1998 and now produces Omega and other brands including Blancpain, Swatch and Breguet. Omega's brand underwent a resurgence with ads based on product placement promotions, such as in the James Bond 007 movies; the character had originally worn a Rolex Submariner but moved to the Omega Seamaster Diver 300 M with GoldenEye and has remained with the latter ever since moving to the Omega Planet Ocean and Aqua Terra. Omega has introduced a series of business model changes that contributed to the growing market share of Omega and the success of the brand as a key rival for Rolex. Observatory work focused on the theory of Chronometry and the usefulness of using chronometers to precisely measure the time span. Last year both Patek Philippe and Omega partnered on the trials. The success of Omega at those events produced a reputation for the company's consistency and innovation. Since more than a decade Omega has been the leading maker of COSC chronometers.
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    Published 4 months ago
    Patek Philippe - a short bio

    Patek Philippe - a short bio

    The Swiss luxury watch and clockmaker Patek Philippe SA has its headquarters in Geneva Canton and Vallée de Joux, founded in 1839. In Switzerland it has been owned by the Stern family since 1932. Patek Philippe is one of the world's oldest watchmakers, with an unbroken history of watchmaking since its establishment. It designs and manufactures all of the timepieces and movements including some of the automatic watches that are most common. The business has over 400 retail stores worldwide, with over a dozen logistics centres in Asia, Africa, North America with Oceania. The Patek Philippe Museum in Geneva opened in 2001. Patek Philippe is widely regarded as one of the world's most prominent watch-makers. Over the years the prominent followers and advocates of Patek Philippe have included Queen Victoria, Queen Elizabeth II, Pope Pius Xii, Marie Curie, Albert Einstein, John F. Kennedy, Nelson Mandela, Pablo Picasso, Pyotr Tchaikovsky and Leo Tolstoy among others. Seven watches as of December 2019 are Patek Philippe in the top ten most expensive watches ever priced at auctions worldwide. Yes, Patek Philippe Grandmaster Chime Ref 6300A-010 now retains the distinction of the most expensive watch ever sold on sale, while Patek Philippe Henry Graves Supercomplication, the most complex automatic watch in the world prior to 1989, still holds the distinction of the most expensive pocket watch ever sold at auction. In 1958 Charles Stern's son Henri Stern was elected president of Patek Philippe. Alan Banbery, who had previously designed Universal's Compax movements and served as a horologist with London's Garrard & Co, would assume the role of Marketing Director in 1965 and finally write official reference books on Patek Philippe's vintage pocket watches and chronographs. Philippe Stern, Henry Stern's wife, was made the company's President in 1993. In 1996, he began publishing the twice-a-year Patek Philippe Magazine, which is reserved for the watch owners and has received contributions from many notable writers including Nobel Laureates Gao Xingjian and José Saramago. Then in the year 2009, his father's reins were taken up by Philippe Stern's son Thierry Stern. The business created 40,000 timepieces in 2010, and manufactured 58,000 pieces in 2017, says Thierry Stern. In 2018, the figure grew to 62,000 and Patek Philippe will then gradually increase the quantity of timepieces created each year along with a limit to maintain consistency and exclusiveness. The brand is also a registered member of Swiss Watch Industry Federation FH. One of the slogans for the company by Patek Philippe is "You never really buy a Patek Philippe. You only look after it for the next generation." The slogan was launched after the brand unveiled the "Generations" campaign in 1996. Patek Philippe manufactures own parts for the watch. Unlike other Swiss brands, the firm mostly produces mechanical moves but also quartz watches with automatic or manual winding system. However, Patek Philippe was one of the twenty Swiss watch companies who formed the Center Electronique Horloger and in partnership produced the first Swiss quartz movements, such as the Beta 21 mechanism, which other manufacturers used in their watches. The firm had already developed a prototype for a mechanical electronic wristwatch in the 1950s, reference 3414. Its apps such as everlasting time, split-second wrist, chronograph, and repeater minutes, Patek Philippe popularised optical watches. In 2009, the brand announced that it will imprint all of its new mechanical timepieces with the Patek Philippe Seal, which includes an precision of 2 seconds per day for diameters not greater than 20 mm and 4 seconds per day for diameters smaller than 20 mm, meeting the highest quality in the watch manufacturing industry and thereby eliminating the Geneva Seal.
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    Published 4 months ago
    Armani - a short bio

    Armani - a short bio

    Armani Giorgio S.p. A. Giorgio Armani produces a luxury Italian fashion house designing, manufacturing, selling and selling haute couture, ready-to-wear, leather products, accessories, watches, jewellery, footwear, eyewear, cosmetics and home interiors. The business is selling these products through various brands including: Giorgio Armani Privé, Giorgio Armani, Armani Collezioni, Emporio Armani, Armani Denim, Armani Junior and Armani Swap. The brand blends high-fashion partnership with the label Armani, taking advantage of their popularity in the luxury market. The Company's net revenues in 2016 were around $2.65 billion. In 2017 Giorgio Armani revealed that as part of his company's turnaround plan, his brand would close two of its retail shops, Armani Collezioni and Armani Denim. Although Armani Collezioni will fit back into the "Giorgio Armani" name, Armani Jeans will clash with the Emporio Armani line because of their stylistic resemblance and the use of the same company logo. Giorgio Armani is a high-end company specialised in ready-to-wear male and female pieces, shoes, glasses, cosmetics, and perfumes. It is only sold at Giorgio Armani boutiques, niche fashion retailers, and select high-end retail stores. The symbol is a curved "G" which completes a curved "A" and constitutes a circle. In 2016, the fashion house stopped using animal fur in all its products, realising the availability of "true options at our disposal which make the use of unethical animal practises pointless." Emporio Armani is Armani's second brand, selling ready-to-wear and runway pieces. Emporio Armani reflects on the patterns and activities of the modern day. Nevertheless, Emporio Armani and Giorgio Armani are the only two ready-to-wear brands designed by Giorgio Armani himself exclusively, each year with a spotlight at Milan Fashion Week. The Emporio Armani is currently now available in freestanding boutiques of Emporio Armani and the official website. Giorgio Armani also produces products designed specifically for children, babies and teens up to the age of 16. He introduced a new model named Armani Junior with a different logo within the Armani Baby style line. In 1979 the company Armani Juniors was introduced. Inside the public eye, the sub-label was also mocked, as Armani also used actual fur for the fall and winter collections of Armani Junior. Most people seem to believe that dressing young kids in high-end luxury clothes, which families with a typical or even average income can not afford, is inappropriate to a large percentage of the population. The junior range features infant clothes and accessories as well as children's and teens ' t-shirts, pullovers, dresses, smokings, gloves, caps, socks, coats, ties, bras and accessories This Armani line is often known to be the prime rival of Young Versace, an Italian luxury company. This also has a grocery shop in the banner of Armani. The company was founded in 2002. Armani cooperates with Italian chocolate maker Venchi between the models and ranges. The firm Giorgio Armani also has a florist, Armani / Fiori, under their name. Since 2000 the exclusive floral company has been involved in big, independent flower shops and other Armani stores around the world. In 2005, Giorgio Armani and Emaar Property PJSC reached an agreement to develop and operate at least seven luxury hotels and three holiday resorts, under the brand Armani. Armani would supervise all facets of the hotel's interior architecture and style. The Armani hotel opened in Burj Khalifa on April 27, 2010, housing the lower 39 floors of the Dubai, United Arab Emirates supertall skyscraper. It has 160 rooms and suites for the guests, and 144 residences. Giorgio Armani designed the interiors of the Armani Residences and their custom-made line of items from the series of Armani / Casa home furnishings and the Armani / Fiori floral designs inside the skyscraper too. Touring Milan, Paris, Jeddah, Moscow and Mumbai, the "Burj Khalifa Armani Residences Road Tour" The Paris event was at New Bond Street's Armani Casa Showroom.