Joaquín "El Chapo" Guzmán, the notorious Mexican drug lord and leader of the Sinaloa cartel, is known for his elaborate and daring prison escapes.
In 2001, Guzmán managed to escape from the maximum-security Puente Grande prison in Jalisco, Mexico, by hiding in a laundry cart. He was not recaptured until 2016.
However, his most famous escape came in 2015, when he broke out of the Altiplano prison, located in Almoloya de Juarez, Mexico. The prison was considered to be one of the most secure in the country, yet Guzmán managed to escape through an underground tunnel that led directly to his cell.
The tunnel was approximately 1 mile long, and included ventilation systems, lighting, and a modified motorcycle on rails to transport Guzmán to freedom. The tunnel's entrance was located in the shower area of his cell, and the exit was located in a construction site outside of the prison walls.
The escape was a major embarrassment for the Mexican government, and led to the dismissal of the director of the prison, as well as several other high-ranking officials.
After his escape, Guzmán was on the run for several months, evading capture by Mexican and international law enforcement agencies. However, in January 2016, he was finally recaptured by Mexican marines in the city of Los Mochis, in the state of Sinaloa.
In January 2017, Guzmán was extradited to the United States to face federal drug trafficking charges. He was found guilty in a U.S. court in February 2019 and sentenced to life in prison in July 2019.
El Chapo's escape was a major embarrassment for the Mexican government and was considered a demonstration of corruption and incompetence within the Mexican prison system. The fact that he was able to escape from one of the most secure prison in the country, with the help of corrupt officials, shows the level of power and influence that the drug cartels have in Mexico. Also, the tunnel was built with high-tech equipment which shows how well-funded the Sinaloa cartel was and how sophisticated the criminal organization was.Additionally, the escape also highlighted the ongoing issue of corruption within the Mexican government and law enforcement agencies. It was later revealed that several prison officials and staff members were bribed by the Sinaloa cartel to assist in Guzmán's escape. The discovery of the tunnel and the subsequent investigation led to the arrest of several prison employees and government officials who were charged with aiding in Guzmán's escape.
The escape also had a significant impact on international relations, as it strained the relationship between the United States and Mexico. The U.S. government had been pressuring Mexico to extradite Guzmán to face charges in the United States, and his escape only added to the pressure. After his recapture, the U.S. government pushed for his swift extradition, and he was finally sent to the United States in January 2017 to face federal drug trafficking charges.
The escape of El Chapo Guzman was a major event in the world of organized crime and demonstrated the ongoing problem of corruption and cartel influence in Mexico. While Guzmán is now back in custody, the Sinaloa cartel and other criminal organizations continue to operate in Mexico and pose a significant threat to both Mexican citizens and international security. The story of El Chapo escape shows the complexity and dangers of the ongoing war on drugs.
And the war on drugs is still active in Mexico between the government and cartels.
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