The 2014 FIFA World Cup was the 20th FIFA World Cup, the four-year international championship for men's national football teams organized by FIFA. It was held in Brazil from 12 June to 13 July 2014, after the hosting rights were granted to the nation in 2007. For the second time Brazil has hosted the event, the first in 1950 and the sixth in South America. Many fans and pundits likewise see this version of the World Cup as one of the biggest ever held. 31 National teams qualified to reach the host country by qualifying competition at the final tournament. A total of 64 matches were played throughout Brazil at 12 stadiums, based in almost as many host cities. For the first time in a World Cup finale, game officials used goal-line technology as well as fading spray for free kicks. In each host city a total of 5 million people attended FIFA Fan Festivals and the country hosted 1 million tourists from 202 countries. Since the first tournament in 1930 – Argentina, Brazil, England, France, Germany, Italy, Spain and Uruguay – every World Cup winning team has qualified for this competition. Spain, the championship winners were defeated in group round along with England and Italy. Uruguay was eliminated in the round of 16, and France withdrew in quarter-finals. Host nation Brazil, which won the 2013 FIFA Confederations Cup, lost 7–1 to Germany in the semi-finals and finished fourth. Germany ultimately beat Argentina 1-0 to win the tournament and secure the country's fourth world title, the first since German reunification in 1990, when they also overcame Argentina as the West Germany in the World Cup final. Germany became the first European team to win the Cup of the Americas, becoming the third consecutive European team champion following Italy in 2006 and Spain in 2010. For this case, twelve venues in twelve towns were chosen. The venues represented all of the major regions of Brazil and created hosting that was wider than the 1950 Brazil finals. The tournament therefore required the teams to travel long distances. During World Cup, Brazilian cities were also home to the participating teams in 32 separate base camps as well as hosting official fan festivals where spectators could watch the games. During the draw for a third consecutive World Cup tournament FIFA held fan festivals at each of the 12 host cities. Prominent examples were the 2010 Rio de Janeiro Fan Fest Copacabana Beach, and the São Paulo Vale do Anhangabaú. The first public function was held at Iracema Beach in Fortaleza on 8 June 2014. Following successful trials at the Confederations Cup, among others, in 2014 the World Cup introduced goal-line technologies to stop ghost goals. The selected target control software contained 14 high-speed cameras, 7 that were guided to each of the targets. Data were sent to the central image processing center where a visual representation of the ball for validating the score was created on a widescreen. A vibrating watch was fitted to the referee, and a light was placed on a goal. France's second goal during their group game against Honduras was the first time goal-line technology could be used to confirm a target. Following positive trials, FIFA allowed the referees to use the vanishing spray for the first time in a World Cup final. The water-based spray, which will vanish after minutes of use, can be used for a free kick to mark a ten-yard line for the defending team and also to draw where to bring the ball to a free kick. Cooling breaks for the players were instituted due to the relatively high ambient temperatures in Brazil, particularly at the northern venues. Breaks that arise after the 30th minute of each half at the referee's discretion, if the Wet Bulb Globe temperature reached 32 ° C.
The 2006 FIFA World Cup was the 18th FIFA World Cup, the international football community's quadrennial world championship competition. It was held from 9 June to 9 July 2006 in Germany, which gained the right to host the festival in July 2000. Teams from 198 national football associations from all six populated continents participated in the qualification process, which began in September 2003. Thirty-one teams have qualified from this cycle along with host nation Germany for the final tournament. It was the second time Germany hosted the exhibition, the first as a single country and the tenth time it was held in Europe. Italy won the tournament and clinched its fourth World Cup title. We defeated France 5–3 in a penalty shoot-out in the final, having ended up in a 1–1 draw after extra time. Germany defeated Portugal 3–1 to come in sixth. Angola, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Trinidad and Tobago and Togo made their first appearances in the final. This was also the first appearance under the name of Serbia and Montenegro, although they had appeared as Yugoslavia in 1998 earlier. Montenegro voted in a referendum at the end of May 2006, just before the tournament, to become a independent country and to sever the then-existing loose confederacy between it and Serbia, with Serbia acknowledging the result of the referendum early in June. Owing to time constraints, FIFA saw Serbia and Montenegro play as one team in the World Cup tournament, marking the first instance of many independent nations that have competed as one team in a global football competition since UEFA Euro 1992. The 2006 World Cup ranks among the most watched events in television history, attracting an unprecedented 26.29 billion seen times obtained during the tournament. The final reached an audience of overwhelming 715.1 million people. In 2006 Germany had a plethora of football stadiums that had exceeded FIFA's total capacity of 40,000 seats for World Cup matches. The venue for the final match in 1974, the still-standing Munich Olympiastadion, was not chosen for the tournament, since the rules of FIFA require one town to use two stadiums. The LTU Arena in Düsseldorf, the Weserstadion in Bremen and the Borussia-Park at Mönchengladbach are not even included. Twelve stadia have been picked to host World Cup matches. Many of them were known by specific names during the match, since FIFA bans the sponsorship of the stadium unless the owners of the stadium are also registered FIFA owners. For example, the Allianz Arena in Munich was known as FIFA World Cup Stadium, Munich, and even letters from the Allianz corporation were missing or obscured prior to the match. Several of the stadiums have have a reduced capacity for the World Cup, as FIFA regulations forbid standing rooms; however, this was accommodated because certain stadiums have a UEFA score of five stars. The stadiums hosted six matches each in Berlin, Munich, Dortmund, and Stuttgart, while five matches each hosted the other eight stadia. Final tournament of the World Cup 2006 concluded on 9 June. The 32 teams were split into eight groups of four teams each, in which the teams took part in a round-robin tournament to determine the two of those four teams would progress to the 16-team knock-out stage that started June 24. A total of 64 games were played. Even though Germany struggled to win the Cup, Germany considers the tournament to be a big success overall. Germany has seen a dramatic increase in the national spirit of flag movements which have traditionally been frowned upon by German society since World War II, when the German team played. The eight seeded teams were invited to the 2006 tournament on 6 December 2005. In the draw the seeds used Pot A. Pot B included the unseeded qualifiers for Latin America, Asia and Oceania; Pot C contained eight of the remaining nine European countries, except for Serbia and Montenegro. Pot D contained unseeded teams from both the CONCACAF region and from Asia. Serbia and Montenegro were included in a different pot: this was done to ensure three European teams were not represented in the group. In the special pool Serbia and Montenegro were first drawn, then their division was drawn from the three seeded non-European nations, Argentina, Brazil and Mexico.
Sweden hosted the 1958 FIFA World Cup, the sixth staging of the World Cup. The tournament was won by Brazil, who beat Sweden 5–2 in the final in the Solna suburb of Stockholm for their first title. The case is also worthy of mention as it calls the world stage debut of a then 17-year-old Pelé. The hosting tournament featured Argentina, Chile, Mexico and Sweden. Swedish delegates lobbied other countries at the FIFA Congress held in Rio de Janeiro for the launch of the World Cup finals in 1950 Sweden was unopposed to the 1958 tournament on 23 June 1950. The hosts were automatically qualified as were the reigning West Germany champions. Nine of the remaining 14 seats had been reserved for Europe, three for South America, one for North and Central America and one for Asia and Africa. In addition to the big European area matches, Wales, who placed second in her group behind Czechoslovakia, was drawn into a play-off with Israel after Israel won their group by accident when its three opponents, Turkey, Indonesia and Sudan, refused to join in. FIFA has added a clause that no team can continue without having played at least one match, something that never existed in other World Cups. Wales won the play-off, and spent time alone for the first time ever up to now. The World Cup was the first to feature the four Home Nations of the United Kingdom, with Northern Ireland debuting, also participating with England and Scotland. The match structure changed in 1954: 16 teams also participated in four groups of four, but this time each team played in their section at least once each of the other teams, with no extra time in the event of draw. Two points were granted for a win, and one drawn. Since the first two teams had to finish with the same points to decide who was second and who was first overall. As in 1954, if the second and third placed teams end up with the same points, a play-off would be played with the champion advancing. If a play-off results in a tie, the goal average of the group games will be used to decide who will go into the next round. When the figures for the target are the same lots are drawn accordingly. Those arrangements had not been decided at the time the tournament began, so they were still being discussed as it progressed. Some players protested that there was too much play-off, including three games in five days, and FIFA told the players to weigh the goal difference before resorting to a play-off before group matches in the second round. That was reversed by the Swedish Football Association after complaints, primarily because it was illegal to change the rules of the mid-tournament but also because they needed the extra money from playoff matches. Pelé had not played against the Soviet Union in Group 4 before the finale of Brazil's group match. He failed to score but in both game 2–0 and match Brazil prevailed by two points. They would have started 0–0 in what has been the first ever goalless game with England in World Cup history. Eventually, the Soviet Union and England went to a playoff game where Anatoli Ilyin scored to knock out England in the 67th minute, while Austria had already defeated. Earlier this year the Munich air crash ravaged the English side, killing three internationals on Manchester United's books including Duncan Edwards, the young star of England. Brazil and France have spent most of the first half stuck 1-1 in the other semifinal. Nonetheless, in a crash with Vavá 36 minutes into the match, French captain and the most seasoned defender Robert Jonquet suffered a broken leg and France was down to 10 players for the rest of the season. Brazil dominated the remainder of the season, with a Pelé hat-trick giving them a 5–2 advantage. Fontaine of France put his impressive tally on just one goal. The final was played at Råsunda Stadium in Solna; after four minutes, 50,000 spectators watched the Brazilians go down into a goal. Yet shortly after, Vavá equalised, and just before half-time brought them a point ahead. In the second half, Pelé outshone them all, scoring two goals including the first, where he lobbied the ball to Bengt Gustavsson and followed up with a fine volley strike. Zagallo put a spike in between and Sweden has struggled to hit a consolation goal.
The 1934 FIFA World Cup was the second FIFA World Cup, the international title for the men's national association football teams. It was carried over from May 27 through June 10, 1934, in Italy. The 1934 World Cup became the first team to participate in the qualification process of the games. Thirty-two nations joined the competition, and after qualifying, 16 of those teams got to compete in the final tournament. Reigning champions Uruguay declined to take part because their invitation to the 1930 tournament had already been accepted by four European nations. Italy became the second World Cup winners, and the first European team to participate, eventually beating Czechoslovakia 2-1. Like the Berlin Olympics two years later, the 1934 World Cup acted as a high-profile example of a sporting event being used for obvious political benefit. Benito Mussolini was keen on using the game as a means of encouraging populism. Made in Italy, the Federale 102 was the match ball issued for the 1934 World Cup. At a meeting held in Sweden on 9 October 1932, Italy was chosen as the host nation after a lengthy decision-making process during which the FIFA Executive Committee met eight different times until they could agree upon one. Without a leaders ballot, the Executive Committee did the vote. The Italian bid was ideally chosen from Sweden; the Italian Government accepted the tournament with a budget of 3.5 million lire. Thirty-six countries applied for admission to the tournament, thus needing qualifying matches to limit the field to sixteen. Back though, there weren't many noticeable absentees. Reacting to the refusal of many European nations to travel for the recent World Cup to South America, which Uruguay hosted in 1930, Uruguay declined to join. Consequently, the 1934 World Cup is the only one the defending champions did not participate in. The British Home Nations had refused to partake in a period of self-imposed exile from FIFA, but, without qualifying, the FIFA had granted free access to the tournament in England and Scotland. The chairman of the Football Association Board, Charles Sutcliffe, called the competition a "joke" and said that "the national teams of England, Scotland, Wales and Ireland have much to do in their own International Championship which appears to me to be a much better World Championship than the one to be held in Italy." Of the 32 entries, only 10 came from outside Europe, only four of the 16 qualified teams came. The final spot in the final was determined in a one-off match between the U.S. and Mexico in Rome just three days before the start of the tournament which the U.S. won. The number of fans from other countries, including 7,000 from the Netherlands and 10,000 from Austria and Switzerland, was greater than any other football tournament since. The group stage featured in the first World Cup was eliminated, in favour of a single elimination competition. If a match has been tied then thirty minutes of extra time played after ninety minutes. The match was replayed the next day, since after extra time the score was still tied. Over the years, several sources have indicated that the competition may have been marred by corruption and corrupted by the Italian dictator Benito Mussolini, who used the rivalry for fascism as a propaganda tool. Mussolini himself, according to these reports, named referees for matches in which the Italian national team played, while the Italian government interfered in FIFA's game preparation, reorganising match planning to better support fascism. Nevertheless, Italy won the next edition of the World Cup, as well as the race for Olympic football in 1936.
The FIFA World Cup 1974 was the 10th FIFA World Cup, held in West Germany between June 13th and July 7th. The tournament marked the first time the latest trophy, the FIFA World Cup Trophy, designed by Italian sculptor Silvio Gazzaniga, was awarded. For the third time in 1970 Brazil retained the previous crown, the Jules Rimet Crown, which was formally awarded to the Brazilians. This was the first of three World Cups to carry 2 rounds of group stage. The host nation won the title, in the final at the Munich Olympiastadion, beating the Netherlands 2–1. The victory was the second for West Germany that had won in 1954. Canada, West Germany, Haiti and Zaire made their first appearances at the final stage, with East Germany appearing not after Germany was unified in 1990. FIFA named West Germany as host nation on 6 July 1966 in London, England. At the same time, it was awarded the hosting rights for the 1978 and 1982 tournaments. West Germany agreed to an agreement with Spain to assist West Germany in the 1974 tournament and West Germany would allow Spain to participate unopposedly in the 1982 World Cup in exchange for that. Like England, France, 1966 champions, hosts and quarter-finalists from the 1970 Mexico, Spain, Portugal third-place finishers from 1966, Peru, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Hungary and Romania four-place finalists from 1970 have not qualified any of the most successful soccer nations. After the Chilean coup d'état in 1973, the USSR was also suspended, despite refusing to travel against Chile for the second leg of their playoff. The Netherlands and Poland had qualified for the very first time since 1938. Scotland was back in the final after being absent 16 years earlier. Since missing the tournament in 1970, Argentina and Chile both returned and Yugoslavia returned since skipping all the tournaments in 1966 and 1970. A modern tournament format introduced here. While the competition started again with the seventeen nations split into four groups of four nations, the eight progressing teams struggled to reach a knockout stage as they did in the previous five World Cups but instead played in a second group round. In the second stage the winners of the two groups then played each other in the final, with the respective runners-up from each group competing in the third place play-off. That was one of two times that this system was deployed; in 1982, a semi-final stage was introduced for the second group stage before the World Cup revived the 1986 knockout stage and is now used until the present day. The tournament was held mostly in bad conditions, so that the stadium had little covered areas. Few Western European nations participated, only the Netherlands, West Germany and Sweden took part in the Group Stage. Cultural circumstances hindered fans from neighbouring Eastern Communist states like east Germany. The first round, or first stage of the competition, saw the 16 teams split into four team groups of four. A six-game round-robin was conducted by division, where each team played one match against each of the other teams within the same division. Teams got two points for a victory, one point for a draw and zero for a defeat. For the second round, the teams in each group that finished first and second advanced, while the two bottom teams in each group were excluded from the play. That was the only condition for the defending European champions to lift the World Cup, until Spain defeated the Netherlands in South Africa's 2010 FIFA World Cup final. Although France still held both cups in different order, at the same time winning the World Cup in 1998 followed by Euro 2000. It is the final of four FIFA World Cup tournaments to date with no extra matches in time. The examples are the 1930-, 1950- and 1962 Tournaments.
The 1938 FIFA World Cup was the third round of the World Cup, played from 4 to 19 June 1938 in France. In the final, Italy has kept the championship intact, defeating Hungary 4–2. Teams from Italy were the only ones to have won two World Cups under the same manager, Vittorio Pozzo in 1934 and 1938. On 13 August 1936, FIFA voted France as host nation at Berlin. During the first round of elections France was preferred over Argentina and Germany. The plan to stage a second consecutive tournament in Europe created confusion in South America where the site was thought to be alternating between the two continents. It was the last World Cup held until the beginning of World War II. Due to dissatisfaction at the decision to stage a second consecutive World Cup in Europe, neither Uruguay nor Argentina joined the competition Spain has been hesitant to participate due to the raging Spanish Civil War in the meantime. The hosts, France, and the title winners, Italy, both won overwhelmingly and is the first time they both met. From 1938 until 2002, game winners were granted direct entry into the World Cup, following which they were removed. For the remaining 14 positions, 11 are assigned to Europe, 2 to the Americas and 1 to Asia. As a result, it included only three non-European countries: Nicaragua, Cuba and the Dutch East Indies. This is the lowest number of teams allowed to participate in a FIFA World Cup outside of the host country. Austria qualified for World Cup but the Anschluss merged Austria with Germany after the qualifying was complete. Austria then withdrew from the competition, replacing the German squad with some Austrian players, but not even Austrian main player Matthias Sindelar, who declined to compete with the reunited side. Latvia was the runner-up in the qualification division of Austria, but was not permitted to take part; then Austria's position remained vacant, and by implication Sweden, who was expected to be Austria's first competitor, advanced straight to the second round. The tournament saw the first, and only, participation of Cuba and Dutch East Indies in a World Cup match as of 2018. It has already seen debuts in Poland and Norway at the World Cup. Until 1970 Romania had not qualified for another World Cup, Poland and the Netherlands would not reappear in a final tournament until 1974 and until 1994 Norway would not qualify for another World Cup final. Before 1994, a single team from Germany emerged again, while Austria returned in 1954 and came in sixth. It had maintained the format of the event in 1934. If a match has been drawn so after 90 minutes, 30 minutes of extra time will be played. If after extra time the score was still level so the match will repeat. It was the first World Cup event to employ a single elimination system. At Paris on 5 March 1938 Germany, France, Italy, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Cuba and Brazil were seeded for games. Thanks to Austria's exit Sweden got a bye. Five of the first seven round matches have taken extra time to crack the deadlock; two games have already gone to a replay. In one replay Cuba advanced into the next round, at Romania's expense. On the other replay, Germany, who led 1–0 against Switzerland in the first round, led 2–0 but was finally defeated by 2–4. This loss, which happened in front of a angry, bottle-throwing audience in Paris, was blamed by German coach Sepp Herberger for the defeatist nature of the five Austrian players he was forced to include; a German journalist subsequently reported that "Germans and Austrians seem to be competing against each other as though they are in the same group."