"Mind is God and God is mind" ~ Anaxagoras Anaxagoras was a native of Clazomenae who is supposed to have settled in Athens afterwards. Most of the surviving fragments of Anaxagoras are believed to have their source in the one book that he is said to have written which deals primarily with the nature or doctrine of matter. Some of the doctrines of Anaxagoras find a similarity with the doctrines of Empedocles which contradict the coming into being of something from nothing. Anaxagoras’ theory of matter is based on the foundations of traditional cosmological doctrines and radical innovations. Many of his theoretical points find a similarity between the Ionian and the Pythagorean cosmological doctrines. Anaxagoras’ theory contradicts some of the Parmedian doctrines as well like the ‘all alike, one and altogether’ nature of what-is. Anaxagoras contradicts this by positing his theory of plural before Parmenides’ singular one. His theory also refutes Parmenidean non-divisibility of things by positing the continuous divisibility of all parts. His theory of matter puts forward an original undifferentiated mixture from which separation of things takes place. This idea was supported by Empedocles as well because he believed that genesis and destruction of things were but some kind of separation. Anaxagoras believed that the original mixture which was the source of generation of all beings, creatures and things was as unlimited, indefinite and diverse as the products that generated from it. The original mix was kind of like Anaximander’s Apeiron; indistinguishable and undifferentiated. For him, the things that existed at that point of time had always existed in the past. His theory of matter posits many arguments namely, ‘Everything in Everything’, ‘The Sum of Things’, ‘Infinite Divisibility’, ‘No Coming into being and passing away’ and many more.
Parmenides of Elea
"All sense perceptions, says Parmenides, yield but illusions. And their main illusoriness lies in their pretense that the non-existent coexists with the existent, that Becoming, too, has being. All the manifold colorful world known to experience, all the transformations of its qualities, all the orderliness of its ups and downs, are cast aside mercilessly as mere semblance and illusion. Nothing may be learned from them." ~ Nietzsche
The Pythagoreans or The Italians were a group of philosophers who belonged to an ancient sect that brought forward the Pythagorean tradition and doctrines, which in turn brought developments in the fields of science, religion and philosophy. Among the Pythagoreans, such as Hippasus, Petron, Ecphantus, Hicetas, Philolaus, Archytas; Pythagoras is the most familiar and well known, who was a mathematician, religious and cultural leader, a Guru and a philosopher.
The term Milesians refers to the natives of ancient Miletus among whom were the three great philosophers- Thales, Anaximander and Anaximenes. They were the citizens of Miletus, an Ionian Greek city, around. 6th century B.C. Before the advent of the Milesians, any acts of humans, animals, or nature that took place in the world were ascribed to the acts of Gods. For example, ‘A guilty passion is the work of Aphrodite, an act of folly means that ‘Zeus took away his wits’, outstanding prowess on the field of battle is owed to the god who ‘breathed might into’ the hero’1
The saying, ‘Never judge a book by its cover’ perhaps holds true for this piece of work by Kashinath Pandit. A simple blue green tincture of the front cover may at first not call for the attention of the readers because the treasure of knowledge and information that this work withholds is not meant for the general audience. As the translator of the book has rightly dedicated and mentioned ‘For the historians writing on Mediaeval India’.
In the darkest hour of the night, amidst the shrill cries and yells, the last caravan took off to an unknown destination. A chain of trucks and cars followed each other like ants following the trail of pheromones left behind by leading ants. The scent that each unit of this caravan emitted was of fear and horror. Inside the womb of these mechanical travellers were people, cattle, furniture, books and memories that formed the central part of the smuggling paraphernalia. The caravan passed through the tunnels, over the bridges, along the rivers, and beside the rocks. People remained in the murk, not knowing when the night gave over to the daylight. The tarpaulin cover of the vehicles kept them aloof from the outside world. After an exhausting journey preceded by the mental trauma of the events, the caravan came to a halt.
WORLD IN FLUX
“Seasons they will change, life will make you grow Dreams will make you cry, cry, cry Everything is temporary, everything will slide.”