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National barid of India

Preserving avian diversity and Ecosystems

By AjrPublished about a year ago 3 min read
National barid of India
Photo by Caleb Minear on Unsplash

Title: National Baird of India: Preserving Avian Diversity and Ecosystems


India's avifauna, comprising over 1,300 species, is a testament to the country's rich biodiversity. With such diverse birdlife, it is crucial to have a robust framework for their conservation and protection. The National Baird of India plays a pivotal role in safeguarding these winged wonders and the ecosystems they inhabit. In this article, we explore the significance, functions, and achievements of the National Baird of India in preserving the avian diversity of the nation.

Establishment and Objectives

The National Baird of India, established in 1982 under the Wildlife Protection Act, serves as the apex body for bird conservation in the country. It operates under the aegis of the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Government of India. The primary objective of the National Baird is to promote the conservation of birds and their habitats, ensuring their sustainable management for future generations.

Key Functions

1. Research and Monitoring: The National Baird conducts extensive research to understand bird populations, migration patterns, and habitat requirements. It collaborates with scientific institutions, NGOs, and citizen scientists to gather crucial data that informs conservation strategies.

2. Conservation Planning: By assessing the status and distribution of bird species, the National Baird identifies areas of conservation significance. It formulates plans and policies to protect critical habitats, mitigate threats, and promote sustainable practices. This involves working closely with state governments, local communities, and other stakeholders to ensure effective implementation.

3. Species Recovery Programs: The National Baird plays a vital role in implementing species recovery programs for critically endangered and endangered bird species. These initiatives involve habitat restoration, captive breeding, and reintroduction efforts aimed at increasing population numbers and preventing extinction.

4. Public Awareness and Education: Recognizing the importance of public participation in bird conservation, the National Baird conducts awareness campaigns, workshops, and educational programs to engage citizens, especially students, in understanding and appreciating avian diversity. By fostering a sense of responsibility and empathy towards birds, the Baird encourages grassroots conservation efforts.

5. International Cooperation: The National Baird actively participates in international collaborations, conventions, and treaties related to bird conservation. By aligning its efforts with global initiatives, such as the Convention on Migratory Species and the Ramsar Convention, the Baird strengthens its conservation impact and contributes to the global avian conservation agenda.


Over the years, the National Baird of India has made significant contributions to bird conservation and ecosystem protection. Some notable achievements include:

1. Identification of Important Bird Areas: The National Baird has identified and designated numerous Important Bird Areas (IBAs) across the country. These IBAs serve as focal points for conservation efforts, safeguarding critical habitats for birds and facilitating targeted conservation interventions.

2. Success Stories in Species Recovery: The Baird's species recovery programs have witnessed notable successes. For instance, the conservation efforts for the critically endangered Great Indian Bustard and the endangered Jerdon's Courser have yielded positive results, with an increase in population numbers and improved breeding success.

3. Community Participation: The Baird's emphasis on community involvement has led to increased awareness and active participation in bird conservation. Local communities have taken up initiatives like habitat restoration, nest box installation, and ecotourism, thereby fostering a sense of ownership and promoting sustainable practices.


The National Baird of India serves as a custodian of the country's avian diversity, ensuring the survival of birds and the protection of their habitats. Through research, conservation planning, species recovery programs, public awareness, and international cooperation, the Baird has played a pivotal role in mitigating threats to birds and promoting their conservation. However, the challenges ahead are substantial, including habitat loss

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