A flower is also known as a bloom or a blossom. They are like bursts of laughter from the Earth. Flowers are complex; they are made up of vegetative organs -sepals that enclose and protect the developing flower , petals that attract pollinators as well as reproductive organs that produce gametophytes ,which in flowering plants produce gametes. The male gametophytes that produce sperm , are enclosed within pollen grains produced in the anthers.Most flowering plants are dependent upon animals, such as bees, moths, and butterflies to transfer their pollen betweeen different flowers. They have evolved to attract these pollinators by various methods , including brightly coloured, conspicuous petals , attractive scents, and the production of nectar. Some of my favourite flowers are roses, tulips , and hydrangea. Roses are one of favourite flowers. Some background information on roses. A rose is either a woody perennial flowering plant of the genus Rosa, in the family Rosaceae, or the flower it bears. There are over 300 species and tens of thousands of cultivars. The name rose is derived from Latin rosa which was perhaps borrowed from Oscan, Greek, and Persian. In botanical terms , the leaves are borne alternately on the stem. In most species of the rose flower , they measure 5-15 centimetres ( 2.0 to 5.9 in) long pinnate, with (3–) 5–9 (−13) leaflets and basal stipules; the leaflets usually have a serrated margin, and often a few small prickles on the underside of the stem.
The flowers of most species have five petals , with the exception of Rosa omeiensis and Rosa sericea, which usually only have four. Enough about roses .
My second favourite flower is the tulip.A little background on the tulip. The tulip comes from the genus Tulipa, consisting of 100 species of bulbous herbs in the lily family (Liliaceae), that is native to Central Asia and Turkey.The flowers are usually large, showy , brightly coloured , generally red,orange, pink, yellow and white.They often have a different coloured blotch at the base of the tepals (petals and sepals, collectively), internally.
The name "tulip" is thought to be derived from a Persian word for turban, which it may have been thought to resemble by those who discovered it.Tulips are perennial herbaceous bulbiferous geophytes that bloom in spring and die back after flowering to an underground storage bulb.Tulip stems have few leaves. Larger species tend to have multiple leaves. Plants typically have two to six leaves,some species up to 12. The tulip's leaf is cauline, strap-shaped, with a waxy coating , and the leaves are alternate diminishing in size the further up the stem.
Tulip flowers are generally bereft of scent and are the coolest of floral characters. The tulip's fruit is a globose or ellipsoid capsule with a leathery covering and an ellipsoid to globe shape. Each capsule contains numerous flat, disc-shaped seeds in two rows per chamber. Now , onto the hydrangea.
Hydrangea , commonly named the hortensia , is a genus of more than 70 species native to Asia and the Americas. By far the greatest species diversity is in Eastern Asia, notably China , Korea , and Japan.Hydrangea is derived from Greek and means 'water vessel' in reference to the shape of its seed capsules. Hydrangea flowers are produced from early spring to late autumn; they grow in flowerheads (corymbs or panicles) most often at the ends of the stems. Hydrangea flower colour can change based on the pH in soil. Hydrangeas do best in moist , well drained soil and dappled shade - not too sunny and not to shady (just the right amount i.e the Goldilocks zone). Avoid south-facing positions , especially if the soil is very dry. For a very shaded spot, like a north-facing wall, choose the climbing hydrangea.