Subhas Chandra Bose, also known as Netaji, was a prominent leader in the Indian independence movement against British rule during the first half of the 20th century. He was born on January 23, 1897, in Cuttack, Odisha, which was then part of British India.
Bose's political career began in the early 1920s when he joined the Indian National Congress (INC), which was at the forefront of the independence struggle. However, he became disillusioned with the moderate approach of the Congress leaders and their policy of seeking Dominion status within the British Empire. Bose believed in a more radical and assertive approach to achieve complete independence for India.
In 1939, Bose was elected as the President of the Indian National Congress, but his differences with the Congress leadership, particularly with Mahatma Gandhi, led to his resignation. He formed the Forward Bloc, a left-wing faction within the Congress, to advocate for a more militant approach against British rule.
During World War II, Bose sought international support for India's independence and sought help from Axis powers such as Germany and Japan, viewing them as potential allies against the British. He escaped from house arrest in Calcutta in 1941 and made a remarkable journey across Europe and Asia to reach Japan.
In 1942, Bose established the Indian National Army (INA) in collaboration with the Japanese forces. The INA was composed of Indian prisoners of war and civilians in Southeast Asia who sought to liberate India from British rule. Bose himself assumed the title of "Netaji" (meaning "Respected Leader") and became the supreme commander of the INA.
The INA's military campaigns in Burma (now Myanmar) and northeastern India during the later stages of the war gained attention and support from the Indian population. Bose's goal was to create a liberated Indian government in exile and establish a provisional government in India. However, the INA's progress was halted with the defeat of the Axis powers in 1945.
Tragically, Subhas Chandra Bose died in a plane crash on August 18, 1945, under controversial circumstances in Taiwan (then known as Formosa). The circumstances surrounding his death remain a subject of debate and conspiracy theories.
Subhas Chandra Bose's legacy as a nationalist leader and freedom fighter remains significant in India's history. He is revered for his tireless efforts to achieve complete independence from British rule and his formation of the INA, which played a crucial role in raising nationalistic fervor among the Indian population. Bose's legacy continues to inspire many Indians in their pursuit of freedom and self-determination.
Subhas Chandra Bose, also known as Netaji, was a prominent Indian nationalist and leader who played a significant role in the country's struggle for independence from British rule. Here are some quotes attributed to Subhas Chandra Bose:
"Give me blood, and I shall give you freedom."
"It is only on the basis of undiluted Nationalism and of perfect justice and impartiality that the Indian Army of Liberation can be built up."
"Freedom is not given, it is taken."
"No real change in history has ever been achieved by discussions."
"Remember, the greatest crime is to compromise with injustice and wrong."
"One individual may die for an idea; but that idea will, after his death, incarnate itself in a thousand lives."
"Reality is, after all, too big for our frail understanding to fully comprehend. Nevertheless, we have to build our life on the theory which contains the maximum truth."
"The secret of political bargaining is to look stronger than what you really are."
"It is our duty to pay for our liberty with our own blood."