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Crafting Harmony: The Timeless Art of Making Tanpuras

From Pumpkin Shells to Musical Elegance in the Heart of India

By Anu Preethi Danila DPublished 2 months ago 3 min read
Explore the intricate craftsmanship behind the creation of the Tanpura, one of the most essential instruments in classical Indian music.


In the heart of India, within the bustling city of Mirage, a centuries-old tradition thrives. The skillful transformation of dried pumpkin shells into exquisite musical instruments known as Tanpuras has been an art form passed down through generations. This craft, which marries tradition and innovation, preserves the soul of classical Indian music.

The Tanpura: A Unique Musical Companion

The Tanpura, an instrument integral to classical Indian music, possesses a soulful sound that transcends time. What sets it apart is its unconventional material—pumpkin shells. While electronic versions have emerged, the allure of the handmade Tanpura endures.

Mirage: A Hub of Musical Craftsmanship

Mirage, a vibrant city with over 500,000 residents in Western India, boasts a rich legacy as a hub for classical musicians and instrument makers. For seven generations, families like Farouk Abdul Majeed's have crafted musical instruments, including Tanpuras and sitars, in this very town.

The Pumpkin Shell Secret

The essence of a Mirage Tanpura lies in its bottle gourd shell, meticulously selected and hardened over a year. Soaking the shell in water for up to two days is the initial step, followed by scrupulous cleaning.

A Lifelong Craft

Farouk Abdul Majeed, who embarked on this journey at the tender age of 13, now collaborates with seven family members in the creation of Tanpuras and sitars. Carving the shell to form the "tumba," fashioning the wood for the soundboard and neck, and ensuring the highest quality demand patience, precision, and passion.

Artistry in Every Detail

Crafting the wood takes time, with shaping alone consuming up to 12 days. Farouk's mastery lies in his skillful preparation of the tumba's neck joint, known as the "gullu." This component must be fitted impeccably to enhance the instrument's sound quality. Bamboo nails, meticulously crafted, are employed to ensure a seamless merge.

Preserving Tradition with Family Efforts

Farouk is not alone in his endeavor. Eight relatives contribute to the family's legacy. Together, they handcraft Tanpuras adorned with intricate designs featuring peacocks, flowers, and vines—a testament to their commitment to preserving heritage.

A Journey Through Time

The craft of creating Tanpuras from pumpkin shells has its roots in the 19th century when Farouk's ancestor, credited with introducing the concept, was inspired by various sources. The pumpkin shell proved to yield a superior vibration and sound compared to traditional wooden counterparts. This innovation catapulted Mirage into fame as the home of exceptional handcrafted instruments.

Challenges of the Modern Era

With the advent of electronic Tanpuras in 1979, demand for handmade instruments declined. Today, the family sells only half of what they did two and a half decades ago. However, their unwavering dedication to their craft keeps their legacy alive.

Crafting Sonic Perfection

The Tanpura's strings, made of Japanese steel, are meticulously threaded through beads called "manka." The bridge, crafted from camel bone, supports the strings, while cotton threads known as "Javari" enrich the sound. Tuning a Tanpura is an art in itself, requiring hours of precise adjustments based on factors like room temperature and humidity.

A Melody in Every Note

Despite the convenience of digital options, classical musicians like Subhadra Desai still prefer the authenticity of handmade Tanpuras crafted by the Majeed family. Their devotion to this musical tradition knows no bounds, ensuring that the sound of the Tanpura continues to resonate.


The art of creating Tanpuras from pumpkin shells in the enchanting city of Mirage is a testament to the enduring beauty of tradition. As electronic alternatives rise in popularity, the Majeed family and their fellow craftsmen persevere, their creations echoing with the soulful melodies of classical Indian music. Through their dedication and passion, they ensure that the Tanpura remains an instrument of timeless elegance.


About the Creator

Anu Preethi Danila D

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