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French history

French Revolution

By Zheng toPublished 2 years ago 3 min read

The French Revolution began with the storming of the Bastille on July 14, 1789 and ended with the Thermidor coup on July 27, 1794.

But in a broad sense, the French Revolution lasted much longer than five years. It did not really end until July 1830, when a constitutional monarchy was established in France.

For the French revolution in 1789 Paris people's storming of the bastille on July 14, this question is not much, the best is the scholar thinks, June 17, 1789, the national conference announced the formation of this event marked the beginning of the French revolution, and I think, the French revolution or the storming of the bastille in Paris as a starting point is reasonable, if have to ahead of time, That would be a day ahead of time, because on July 13, 1789, the people of Paris held an armed uprising, occupied most of the city of Paris, the bourgeoisie took over the power of the city, and decided to form the National Guard. The Bastille was the last bastion of Paris taken by the people of Paris.

So why did the establishment of a constitutional monarchy in France in July 1830 mean the end of the French Revolution?

The historiography circle has been to lower limit question thermidor coup as the French revolution, because thermidor party as a faction of bourgeois, the coup was just back up to the point of at that time is ripe, then thermidor "swing" policy, introduced by the party has always been to strengthen generally within the scope of the bourgeois rule of swinging, broadly speaking, The revolution is not over. It is still going on.

Lenin pointed out: "The bourgeoisie has only one task before it, which is to sweep away, abandon and destroy all the fetters of society. When any bourgeois revolution accomplishes this task, it accomplishes all that it is supposed to do: it strengthens the development of capitalism." Lenin's words define two aspects of the bourgeois revolution: first, the destruction of the old system; Second, to establish and consolidate a new capitalist system and strengthen its development. The French Revolution was only after the July revolution in 1830, when the constitutional monarchy was established, that it really completed everything it should do.

Let us recall that from 1789 to 1815, The French economy was devastated by successive wars, both domestic and foreign. After the restoration of the Bourbon dynasty in 1815, The French economy recovered and developed to a certain extent, but the society at that time was in the process of social evolution to capitalism, it was not a real capitalist society, that is, it had not fully become a capitalist society. At that time, 160,000 people were stationed in France by the European Coalition against France. The occupying forces pillaged and slaughtered the population until 1818. Therefore, the French people suffered from the dual oppression of their own feudal forces and foreign occupying forces, and had to fight for "freedom, equality and fraternity" and continue the revolution. Throughout the Restoration period, the French economy was in bad shape, and French industry grew very slowly compared with that of England. The Industrial revolution in France began on a large scale after the July Revolution of 1830. By the middle of the 19th century, France's large industry ranked second only to Britain in the world, and its capitalist economy developed rapidly.

The revolution of July 1830 ended an era, the revolution of July dynasty, abolished the Louis xviii of charter, on the constitution, has established the most suitable for the economic development of the society at that time of the capitalist system of constitutional monarchy, the revolutionary regime from landowners to the capitalists, established the rule of the big bourgeoisie, 1830, The bourgeoisie finally got what it wanted in 1789.

So, in a broad sense, the French Revolution didn't really come to an end until the constitutional monarchy was established in July 1830.


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