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How to Start Mushroom Farming Business 2022

Start Mushroom Farming Business

By Sprint FactsPublished about a year ago 3 min read
How to Start Mushroom Farming Business 2022
Photo by Yuval Zukerman on Unsplash

India has long been a major player in mushroom cultivation, and with the growth of the middle class, the demand for mushrooms will only increase. If you are looking to start a mushroom business in India, here are some things you need to know.

Mushroom growing business at home, mushroom growing business does not need any excess land, it can be grown anywhere. Just like growing corn or other different vegetables, you need to provide a huge amount of land. However, for mushrooms, it is enough to use the unused extra space in your home. Different types of mushrooms are available in the market. Varieties such as oyster and shiitake are gourmet mushrooms and are highly priced mushrooms. They will help you earn more money because they are high-priced and easy to grow. These mushrooms grow fast, you just needed to ensure they are in perfect condition. Oysters grow for 3-4 weeks.

High-value mushrooms aside, you can also grow mushrooms that are regular and in high demand. Button mushrooms are most widely used. These mushrooms are valued and consumed all over the world. Below we will mention the steps involved in starting a mushroom farming business at home and How to start a mushroom business in India.

Mushroom Farming Business Plans: Steps

A mushroom growing business involves several steps. We will easily guide you through the following steps and work through every detail related to home-growing mushrooms and growing mushrooms.

Step 1: Decide on a variety

There are different types of mushrooms.

  • Mushroom button
  • Portobello mushroom
  • Oyster mushroom {Dhingri}
  • Paddy straw mushroom
  • Shiitake
  • Lion's mane
  • White button

Among which Oyster mushroom {Dhingri} is the most expensive. Then again, button mushrooms are cheap and eaten everywhere. This business will start showing results within a few weeks. It is better to grow a species that is mostly consumed by humans. You can grow oyster mushrooms for some extra profit.

Step 2: Prepare with spawn and substrate

Spawn is something that is considered the germ of business processes in the field of mushroom cultivation. You can purchase spawn from the right market or you can make spawn at home using a sterile culture. If you are considering producing your spawn, it will be cheaper and more beneficial in the long run. It will be more expensive than a ready-made screed.

Once you are done with the spawn, let's focus on the substrate. It is something where a mushroom is grown at home. Some people use a straw to grow mushrooms and some use wood chips. The most used substrate is straw, which can be chopped into small pieces.

Step 3: How to prepare the substrate

Bring some straw from the nearby market. Now cut the straw into small pieces. Take these straws and soak them. Once soaked, heat it in boiling water for thirty minutes. Now remove the straw and drain it. Spread it out on a large surface to cool.

Step 4: Prepare the plastic bags

Place the straws in a plastic bag and sprinkle the batter inside. Fill the bags and tie them. Now make several holes in the bag to allow air to pass through and create favorable conditions for the development of the fungus.

Step 5: Incubation period

You should keep the temperature at 78 degrees Fahrenheit. Now start placing the plastic bags on the shelves. Do not allow natural light to enter the room. Cover every crack or window and use the red "darkroom" light to visit your farm. You will see little mushroom pinheads popping out of the air holes in the plastic bag, you are ready to move on to the next step.

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