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Renewable Energy in Vietnam

A Journey from the Past to a Bright Future

By 20 Huy TinPublished 28 days ago 3 min read

Renewable Energy: A Vital and Fascinating Topic Worldwide

Renewable energy is not only crucial in Vietnam but also globally. In this concise article, we’ll explore this topic using simple language that resonates with readers of all backgrounds.

1. What Is Renewable Energy?

Renewable energy is generated from natural resources such as sunlight, wind, and water. It helps reduce pollution and protect the environment.

2. Types of Renewable Energy

Solar Energy: Uses sunlight to generate electricity. You can see solar panels on rooftops or ground surfaces.

Wind Energy: Utilizes wind turbines to produce electricity. Wind farms are often located on hills or near coastlines.

Hydropower: Harnesses flowing water to generate electricity. Hydropower plants are built near rivers or lakes.

3. Why Is Renewable Energy Important?

Environmental Protection: Renewable energy reduces greenhouse gas emissions and air pollution.

Energy Security: It decreases reliance on foreign energy sources, ensuring energy security for each country.

"Renewable Energy in Vietnam: A Journey of Progress"

1. Historical Development

  • Hydropower: By the end of 2018, hydropower contributed approximately 40% to the total national electricity capacity. Large hydropower plants were nearly fully exploited, prompting a shift toward developing smaller-scale projects.

  • Wind Energy : As of 2019, Vietnam’s total wind power capacity reached only 228 MW. However, the number of wind energy projects under construction has doubled compared to 2018. This growth indicates a positive trend in wind energy development within the country.
  • Solar Energy : Over 80 solar power plants are currently operational in Vietnam. These plants are connected to the grid through the Feed-in Tariff (FIT) mechanism. The total solar capacity amounts to more than 4,460 MW, contributing over 8% of the overall electricity generation capacity in the system.
  • Wind and Solar Power: Wind and solar energy combined accounted for 10% of the country’s electricity generation in 2020. This achievement met the government’s 2030 target and is expected to replace coal-based capacity growth.

  • Biomass Energy: Commercial electricity production from biomass energy is still developing slowly. However, the prospects for the growth of this energy source remain optimistic.

2. Commitment Toward Net Zero

  • Vietnam has committed to achieving net-zero emissions by 2050. To realize this goal, rapid expansion of renewable energy is essential, aiming to decarbonize the power sector by around 78%.
  • Vietnam’s abundant renewable energy potential positions it as a regional leader in sustainable manufacturing and installed renewable capacity. However, addressing market and regulatory constraints is crucial to fully unlock this potential and secure a sustainable future for the nation.

3. Government Support for Renewable Energy in Vietnam

  • Joint Energy and Climate Partnership (JETP): This international collaboration aims to help Vietnam achieve net-zero emissions by 2050. JETP is expected to mobilize $15.5 billion USD from public and private funding sources over the next 3 to 5 years to support Vietnam’s green transition.
  • Domestic Policies and Strategies: The Vietnamese government has outlined policies and strategies to promote renewable energy growth domestically. This includes creating favorable conditions for wind, solar, and biomass energy projects.
  • Public-Private Cooperation: Collaboration between private enterprises and the government is essential for driving renewable energy development. Public-private partnerships can enhance investment and foster clean energy project development.

4. Take Action!

Vietnam is making efforts to harness the potential of renewable energy, contributing to environmental protection and ensuring energy security for the future.

We can all contribute by using renewable energy in our daily lives. Turn off lights when not needed, switch to LED bulbs, and work together to build a sustainable future for our planet.

I hope this article helps you better understand renewable energy and inspires you to take positive actions. Have a wonderful and meaningful day! 🌿🌞

Thank you for your attention and the time you’ve dedicated to reading my work. Your support means a lot to me!


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    2HTWritten by 20 Huy Tin

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