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Types Effects & How to Reduce Pollution

By Mbanwie JobblingPublished 9 months ago 3 min read

Introduction : The problem of pollution has become very serious today. Man has interfered too much with nature. As a result , environment which includes air, water, soil etc has been polluted. If environment is polluted , all sorts of life-human, animal and vegetation is affected directly or indirectly. Due to pollution our life is also effected. It affects our health. It bring inefficiency . It should be checked immediately.

Types of Pollution . There are mainly four types of Pollution .

There are mainly four kinds of pollution –

1. Air Pollution

2. Water Pollution

3. Soil Pollution

4. Noise Pollution

Note: Now a days , Vision Pollution is also a new type of pollution .

Air Pollution – Air Pollution is mainly caused by the smoke of Industries ,factories , motor cars, smoking and burning waste in environment. The diesels smoke and petrol smoke comes from buses, tractors, cars and bikes , etc. This has made life very difficult in metropolitan cities. We inhale so much polluted air that Air pollution is consistently affecting our health , it causes coughing, asthma and other lung diseases.

Water Pollution – Water pollution is said to occur when toxic pollutant and particulate matter are introduced into water bodies such as lakes, rivers and seas. These contaminants are generally introduces by human activities like improper sewage treatment and oil spills. The waste material of industries and oil refineries is dumped into the rivers and sea. So water is Polluted.

Soil Pollution – Soil Pollution depicts the contamination of soil due to the presence of toxic substances such as excessive use of fertilizers and pesticides , deforestation , industrial waste, etc

Noise Pollution – Noise pollution is dangerous to life . It is said that 85 decibels causes deafness and other diseases. The common reasons behind noise pollution is the sound that comes from industry , planes and other sources that reaches beyond permissible limits . In metropolitan cities, roar of vehicles is unbearable. The engines and horns create much sound. Loudspeakers like D.J’s and mills produce a lot of noise . This much sound create noise pollution which is harmful for the physical and mental health of people.

Effects of Pollution

Thus, we see that there is pollution all around us. The environment has become unfit for living. It has become a health hazard . It brings inefficiency . It causes many fatal diseases like T.B. Cholera and cancer, asthma , Viral Fever, ischemic heart disease, stroke , Lug Caner and acute lower respiratory infections in children, pulmonary disease , etc

How to reduce Pollution ?

The pollution is a global problem. It is the collective issue and thereby , it needs a collective approach to end it. We should focus on Going Green, plant more trees , eliminate waste from nature. We need to save agriculture . We should stop using excessive chemical etc in agriculture to save our waste from being polluted. The world should not only look at the industry, along with it , we nee to strike a balance between industrial progress and the preservation of nature . The role of Government , mass media and civil society is necessary.

Conclusion – The pollution is one of the dangerous issue that we all are facing. It would impact the entire world. There is no denying fact. Instead, the world community should unite to save each other from threats of pollution. Public awareness is must to check pollution . People should know of its bad effects . People should dump domestic waste on the streets . We should remain kind to nature . Thank you


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