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How was the world's deepest canyon formed?

Let's visit the world's deepest canyon and see what's interesting

By Culture DiscoveryPublished 3 months ago 6 min read
Yarlung Tsangpo hay Yarlung Zangbo

The world's deepest canyon is more than 500 km long, reaching 6,000m in depth, containing many thrilling mysteries.

This is one of the deepest canyons in the world, possessing spectacular landscapes and containing many mysteries.

Canyon Large Yarlung Tsangpo or Yarlung Zangbo (with name variations such as Tsangpo Gorge, Brahmaputra or simply Tsangpo Gorge) is located along the Yarlung Tsangpo River in the autonomous region Tibet, China, is known as the deepest canyon in the world.

Yarlung Tsangpo has a length of 504.6km, much longer than the Grand Canyon in the US, making Tsangpo one of the largest canyons in the world. This gorge takes its Tibetan name from the upper reaches of the Brahmaputra River, which originates near Mount Kailash and flows about 1,700km in an easterly direction, then drains in the northern Himalayas before flowing into the gorge. Yarlung Tsangpo in the lower part of Pei town, Tibet - the residence of the peopleZhibe.

When the canyon is between the two peaks of Namcha Barwa (I'm sorry) and Gyala Peri, Yarlung Tsangpo can reach an average depth of about 5,000m around the Namcha Barwa mountain area. Considering the average total depth, the canyon reaches a depth of about 2,268m, of which the deepest point can reach 6,009m, making Yarlung Tsangpo the deepest canyon on the mainland.

In addition, the canyon also has a unique ecosystem with rare animal and plant species, never before discovered by humans. The climate range here is also extremely diverse, stretching from subtropical to Arctic climate. In addition to the magnificent landscape, this place also contains many mysteries that scientists are still trying to find answers to.

Let's visit the world's deepest canyon and see what's interesting

Specifically, in the Yarlung Zangbo canyon and surrounding areas, since ancient times, legends about "wild people" have been passed down, from snowy mountains 6,000 meters above sea level to Forest Below the canyon, traces of "wild people" have been discovered. According to the description of local people, this mysterious creature is about 2 meters tall, has a body with red or black fur, deep eyes, a slightly convex mouth, can stand upright and can utter simple syllables. Some of these legends are from local people's own experiences, and some have been passed down orally for thousands of years.

Besides, there is also information about "man-eating plants". It is said that in the forests in this canyon there is a particularly strange tree, its branches have a very strong wrapping force, can quickly wrap tightly around animals that come close and secrete an anesthetic that causes pain. The animal gradually loses consciousness, and eventually the animal's blood and flesh will be transformed into nutrients that nourish them.

To this day, there are still many conflicting opinions about the true existence of these two mysterious creatures. All of the above mysterious legends have contributed to the attraction of Yarlung Zangbo canyon.

outside Yarlung Zangbo canyon.If you are passionate about nature, you definitely cannot miss the following canyons:

1. Tiger Leap Gorge, Yunnan, China

Nestled between the majestic Jade Dragon Snow Mountain and Haba Mountain, Tiger Leaping Gorge is one of the deepest canyons in the world. This canyon is located in Yunnan province and has a maximum depth of 3790 meters. The Yangtze River flows through here and there is a large rock located at the narrowest point of this river.

An old legend says that a tiger once jumped across the 25 meter wide river here. That's why this canyon is called Ho Khieu Hiep. Tiger Leaping Gorge is divided into three different parts: upper canyon, middle canyon, and lower canyon. The narrowest part of this canyon is the upper canyon. At the bottom of the canyon, you will see that the mountain is very steep compared to the other two sections and this is the best hiking location in Yunnan province.

2. Bicaz Canyon, Northeast Romania

Bicaz Gorge is the most spectacular canyon in Romania and is part of the Bicazului Gorges National Park in the Northeast of the country. Long canyon6 km This connects Harghita and Neamt counties of Romania. The narrow road through the Bicaz canyon is one of the most scenic in Europe.

Bicaz Gorge is surrounded by mountains Shardul Mare etSuhardul Mic. The surrounding area also has some wonderful small canyons, created by tributaries of the Bicaz River.

3. Verdon Gorge, France

The spectacular Verdon Gorge in Southeast France is considered Europe's most beautiful canyon. This 700 meter deep canyon dates from the Triassic century (200-251 million years ago) and below is the beautiful Verdon River with its captivating turquoise blue waters.

With its towering limestone cliffs, deep valleys and striking colorful rivers, the Verdon Gorge is truly a paradise for tourists. This is also the habitat of many types of flora and fauna. Climbing is a popular activity here. Additionally, hiking or driving around the canyon offers breathtaking views. Below the canyon, you can also kayak, raft, fish, and water ski with friends.

4. Colca Canyon, Southern Peru

With a depth of up to 4160 meters, Colca Canyon is the second deepest canyon in the world. It is located high up in the Andes in southern Peru. With endless hiking routes, breathtaking scenery and plenty of activities, Colca Canyon is one of the top tourist attractions in Peru.

You can reach the Colca canyon from the village of Chivay, in the Colca valley. The hike is a bit difficult but extremely worth it because you can see beautiful valleys, steep cliffs and a variety of flora and fauna.

5. Copper Canyon, Northwest Mexico

Copper Canyon is truly an outstanding natural wonder of Mexico. Around the canyon, you'll find incredible peaks, subtropical forests, and majestic waterfalls. The alley also has a variety of flora and fauna with 200 species of oak, 23 species of pine, 290 species of migratory birds, 87 species of reptiles and several large mammals such as black bears, deer and lions.

6. Waimea Canyon, USA

Waimea Canyon is the largest canyon in the Pacific. On the walls of the canyon, the colors of red, bronze, purple and gray blend together in an extremely eye-catching way. The beautiful Waimea River also has reddish water that "matches" the colors in the canyon.

Drive along its route 550 for great views of Waimea Canyon. You can also take helicopter tours to see the canyon's breathtaking views from a fresh perspective.

7. Fish river Gorge, Southern Namibia

Located in Southern Namibia, Fish River Canyon is the largest canyon in Africa. It was formed by the collapse of a valley and the movement of Earth's tectonic plates more than 500 million years ago. The Namibia River flows through this canyon and creates a sight worth admiring. In addition, Fish River also has walking trails and helicopter services to view the landscape from above.

8. Antelope Canyon, Arizona

Antelope Canyon in Arizona is the narrowest slot canyon in the world. Photographers and tourists from all over the world flock here to see its colorful, undulating sandstone walls and narrow passageways. This is also the most photographed canyon in the world.

The reason why Antelope has such a shape is due to a flash flood thousands of years ago. This site consists of two different canyons and when sunlight shines through the opening above the canyon it creates a truly amazing sight.

9. Grand Canyon, Mỹ

The Grand Canyon is ranked as one of the 7 natural wonders on Earth. This canyon is an extremely beautiful and majestic place, worth a visit once in your life. The Grand Canyon was wonderfully "carved" by the Colorado River millions of years ago. Metamorphic rocks found beneath the Grand Canyon are approximately 2 billion years old. Havasupai Falls located in this canyon was also voted as one of the most beautiful waterfalls in the world. Surrounded by multicolored cliffs, the Grand Canyon displays many vivid and striking colors. The swimming pools at the foot of the hill are also ideal destinations for those who love swimming.

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About the Creator

Culture Discovery

Mysterious things are always an attractive topic and stimulate people's curiosity. From unexplained supernatural phenomena, mysterious ancient relics, to mysterious and dark stories the world is full of mysteries waiting to be discovered.

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Comments (1)

  • Alex H Mittelman 3 months ago

    Wow! So deep and amazing! Well written

Culture DiscoveryWritten by Culture Discovery

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