Criminal and degenerate conduct is described by socially unfortunate personal conduct standards and activities that undermine others and social ethics. The film chose for investigation, 'Memorial for a Dream by Darren Aronofsky, portrays the freak conduct of four heroes confronted with troublesome life circumstances and issues. The principal characters, Sara and her child Harry Goldfarb, Marion Silver, and Tyrone display socially irrefutable standards of conduct brought about by various life conditions, class areas, and individual qualities. The paper aims to dissect and depict their behavior utilizing two criminological speculations, anomie hypothesis or strain hypothesis (Robert Merton) and struggle hypothesis.
Robert Merton based its anomie hypothesis (strain hypothesis) on Emily Durkheim's discoveries. As per Merton, "anomie is the structure that cultural disjointedness takes when there is a critical separation "between esteemed social closures, and genuine cultural intends to those finishes" (Akers, 2000, p. 143, 161 referred to Collins n.d.). Like Durkheim, Merton expresses that assuming anomie is a breakdown in the public arena, it is a breakdown in all that he says society is identical to (profound quality, reality, experience, and thoughts). Merton clarifies that community turns into a perceptible verifiable request brought about by deep quality, the last being a scientifically particular request comprising standards and rates that individuals regard. Following Merton:
"Anomie turns into the clarification for high paces of degenerate conduct in the U.S. contrasted and different social orders, and a clarification for the appropriation of freak conduct across bunches characterized by class, race, identity, and such" (Merton n.d.).
Applied to the film, the anomie hypothesis will assist with clarifying the conduct and criminal activities of the primary characters. For example, the existence of Sara and her child Harry Goldfarb varies from others and their standards. Sara is a housewife who sits idle yet stares at the TV serials. Harry is a heroin fanatic who doesn't take a lot of care of his old mother. As far as Anomie hypothesis,
"Motivations for progress are given by the setup upsides of the way of life, and second, the roads accessible for pushing toward this objective are generally restricted by the class construction to those of degenerate conduct. It is the blend of the social accentuation and the social construction which produces extreme strain for deviation" (Merton n.d.).
Their group restricts the existence of Sara and her child Harry. It is formed by the blend of social factors like TV serials and dramas, bogus goals, and qualities. Harry and Tyrone become street pharmacists to procure for living. For this situation, they abuse social guidelines and standards acknowledged by society. These activities can be viewed as 'strains' that shape the freak conduct and upsides of individuals. "Strain is the tension on impeded minority gatherings and the lower metropolitan crowded to exploit any viable accessible intends to pay and achievement" (Akers, 2000, p. 144, referred to Collins n.d.). Ethical quality and social realities are indistinguishable things. One of the manners in which that individuals are reviewed to aggregate moral quality is through the custom ID of whoever the most "outrageous" violators are and passing judgment on the situation with their conduct (through capture and preliminary or different types of aberrance acknowledgment). Another person, Marion, doesn't abuse social standards. However, she is periodically engaged in criminal circumstances. For example, Harry powers Marion to engage in sexual relations with the specialist to bring in some cash for the stockpile of medications.
The film recommends that the twofold justification for why wrongdoing is typical and why it can't be killed: (1) whatever particular conduct is dispensed with, something would, in any case, be the most outrageous conduct opposite the shared awareness and would-be wrongdoing, and (2) this enlistment from the periphery for preliminary and discipline is vital for the upkeep of social request and the aversion o anomie (Eagly 2004, p. 82). In Merton's hypothesis, congruity isn't just needed yet impractical. If it were conceivable, there would be nothing innately weakening at the end of wrongdoing, nor would wrongdoing be essential and hypothetically inescapable. This hypothesis requires the chance of adjustment to profound quality. "As indicated by General Strain Theory, as yearnings increment and assumptions decay, misconduct and the number of degenerate demonstrations that happen increments basically to these changes" (Collins n.d.). In 'Composition for a Dream, the yearnings of the characters increment, yet they can't satisfy their fantasies and wants. Wrongdoing is imagined not as an inconceivability but rather just in the infringement of social standards. Certain conduct truly is similarity; whatever else is an infringement (Eagly, 2004). This symbolism explains with the "rules," "for in case we are to see the shared mindset as something one might adjust to deductively, normally its most encouraging portrayal would be a "group of rules." (Lanier and Henry 1997, p. 52). Regardless, Merton's hypothesis doesn't need that symbolism, nor does his ethical guideline require similarity as the vast majority generally consider congruity (Lanier and Henry, 1997).