I hold a Ph.D. in Nanotechnology and write about exciting technologies to reshape the future of humanity.
To peer Inside the Nanoworld: Let’s Put Electron Microscopy to Address Major Challenges in Material Science Industry
1. What is Electron Microscopy? Electron microscopy (EM) has practical applications in a wide range of fields, including materials science, microelectronics, biology, environmental science, and geology. Techniques based on EM are used to probe the structure and composition of materials, providing an understanding of their properties and behaviour.
Merging Physical Intelligence and Artificial Intelligence to Achieve Collective Super-Intelligent Miniaturized Robots
The current applications of PI are simple and limited to the mechanics (e.g., multistable structures, metamaterials, origami, kirigami), materials science (e.g., smart, stimuli-responsive and functional materials), robotics (e.g., soft robots, miniaturized robots), fluidics, active matter, biology, self-assembly, and collective systems. Hard and bulky robots are driven by Artificial intelligence (AI) in which a variety of sensors (including vision devices such as 2D/3D cameras, vibration sensors, proximity sensors, accelerometers, and other environmental sensors) are embedded in their assembly that feeds them with sensing data they can analyze and act upon in real-time. These developments are only focused on simple PI capabilities so far (e.g., responding to an external stimulus or interaction with the local environment), while there is an urgent need for more advanced PI capabilities for enabling intelligent machines (especially miniaturized robots) operating autonomously in real-world conditions. For example, most miniatured robots are driven by PI of their material systems and are incapable of interacting with humans and the environment through intellectual abilities that are typically inherent in biological organisms. For example, a few common uses of PI in miniaturized robots include: