The 1904 Summer Olympics, officially known as the III Olympic Games, was an international multi-sport event held in St. Louis, Missouri, USA from 29 August to 3 September 1904 as part of an extended sports programme from 1 July to 23 November 1904, located at what is today known as Francis Field on the campus of Washington University in St. Louis. The Olympic Games is being held in Europe for the first time. Tensions caused by the Russo-Japanese War and the difficulties of travelling to St. Louis in 1904 may have contributed to the presence of comparatively few top-ranking athletes from outside the United States and Canada. Of the competing 651 competitors, only 62 come from outside of North America, for a total of just 12–15 nations. Many sports bring the United States together. Olympic title and state championship. The new, three-medal scheme was introduced at the 1904 Olympics. The bid to host the 1904 Summer Olympics was won by Chicago, Illinois, but at the same time the promoters of the Louisiana Purchase Exposition in St. Louis did not want another international event. The festival group began planning its own sports events and told the OCOG in Chicago that it was planned that its own international sporting activities would dominate the Olympic Games as they reloaded. The founder of the modern Pierre de Coubertin Olympic revolution jumped in and proposed the Olympics to St. Louis. Football, dumbbells, freestyle wrestling, and the decathlon all made their debut. The swimming events were held in a small pool next to Skinker and Wydown Boulevards, where there were "lifesaving shows" of unsinkable ocean liner lifeboats. Organizers of the World Fair arranged "Anthropology Days" on 12 and 13 August, with presentations of human zoos and the capacity of Indigenous Peoples. The American gymnast George Eyser, who earned six medals even though his left leg was made of wood, was among the most excellent athletes, and Frank Kugler earned four medals in freestyle wrestling, weightlifting and war tug, making him the first athlete to win a gold at the same Olympic Games in three different sports. James Lightbody, a runner from Chicago, won the steeplechase and 800 metres and set a world record in 1500 metres. Harry Hillman captured both the 200 m and 400 m hurdles, and even the straightforward 400 m. Sprinter Archie Hahn became champion at 60 metres, 100 metres, and 200 metres. During the last run he set an Olympic record during 21.6, a mark the lasted 28 years. The judges gave them both an extra throw in the discus to decide the winner after American Martin Sheridan had thrown almost the same distance as his countryman, Ralph Rose; Sheridan wins the decision-maker and receives the gold medal. Ray Ewry once again claimed the three remaining obstacles. The Great Britain squad collected a total of two medals, all of which were won by the Irish athletes. The biggest non-US athlete has been Emil Rausch of Germany, who has won three swimming competitions. Hungarian Zoltán Halmay and Charles Daniels of the United States each won two gold swim medals. For soccer, the Canadian Galt Football Club won the gold cup. In 1904, the Olympic programme featured 94 events in 17 disciplines and 16 sports. Five athletics stadia were used in the 1904 Summer Olympics. The sites included the first west of the Mississippi River designed golf course. Four of the sports facilities were on the grounds for the Louisiana Purchase Fair which was being held in conjunction with the Olympics. It was the first golf course west of the Mississippi River, when Glen Echo Country Club opened in 1901. It is currently in service starting in 2017. The Louisiana Purchase Festival was organised in Forest Park, and the Life Saving Festival Lake hosted the swimming, sailing, and water polo events. During the water polo games some cattle were permitted to enter the lake from a World's Fair Livestock Exhibition on the opposite side of the swimming and water polo events. In one year four of these competitors had died of typhus.