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Mansa Musa

The Richest Man in History

By M Burhan KhanPublished 2 months ago 3 min read

Mansa Musa: The Richest Man in History

Mansa Musa, also known as Musa Keita I, was the tenth Mansa of the Mali Empire, ruling from 1312 to 1337. He is known as the richest man in history, with an estimated net worth of $400 billion in today's currency. His vast wealth came from the production of gold and salt in the Mali Empire, which was the largest producer of gold in the world during his reign.

Early Life

Mansa Musa was born in 1280 in the city of Niani, which was the capital of the Mali Empire at that time. He was the son of Faga Laye, who was the brother of the previous Mansa, Abu Bakr II. Mansa Musa was appointed as the deputy of the Mansa at a young age, and he accompanied Abu Bakr II on his fateful voyage to the Atlantic Ocean, where he disappeared.

Mansa Musa's Reign

After the disappearance of Abu Bakr II, Mansa Musa became the Mansa of the Mali Empire in 1312. He was a devout Muslim and made a pilgrimage to Mecca in 1324, which is now known as the famous Hajj of Mansa Musa. He traveled with a caravan of 60,000 men, including soldiers, slaves, and merchants. He took with him an enormous amount of gold, which he distributed along the way, making him famous throughout the Islamic world.

Mansa Musa's generosity was well-known, and he distributed gold to the poor and needy wherever he went. He also built many mosques, madrasas, and other religious buildings, which earned him the title of "Emperor of the Muslims" in the Arab world. His pilgrimage was so lavish that it caused inflation in the cities he passed through, including Cairo and Medina.

The Mali Empire under Mansa Musa was a prosperous and powerful state. It covered an area of over 1 million square kilometers and had a population of around 20 million people. It was a center of trade and commerce, with gold and salt being the main commodities. Mansa Musa's wealth came from his control of the gold and salt mines in the empire, as well as the trans-Saharan trade routes.

Mansa Musa's Legacy

Mansa Musa's reign was a golden age for the Mali Empire. He expanded its borders, built many new cities and towns, and promoted trade and commerce. He also encouraged the spread of Islam in the empire, and many people converted to the religion during his reign.

Mansa Musa's Hajj to Mecca was a significant event in world history. It brought the Mali Empire to the attention of the Islamic world and established Mansa Musa as a powerful and wealthy ruler. It also had a significant impact on the economies of the cities he passed through, as the massive amount of gold he distributed caused inflation and disrupted the markets.

Mansa Musa's legacy has continued to inspire people throughout the centuries. He is remembered as a generous and benevolent ruler who cared for his people and promoted the growth and prosperity of his empire. His story is a testament to the power of leadership and the impact that one person can have on the world.


Mansa Musa was a remarkable ruler and a legendary figure in history. His wealth and power were unparalleled, and his Hajj to Mecca was one of the most significant events of the medieval period. He left a lasting legacy of prosperity, trade, and Islamic culture, and his story continues to inspire people around the world. Mansa Musa was truly the richest man in history, not just in terms of his wealth, but also in terms of his impact on the world.


About the Creator

M Burhan Khan

A Fantasy Lover, A Fantasy Writer

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