4 Kinds of Camera Lenses and When to Use them
It is often quoted that in any beautiful picture, the skills of the photographer matter more than the camera used by them. This is certainly true to some extent. A person who is creative, experienced, and knows how to handle a camera well can even use their decades old devices to take good pictures.
Nevertheless, when you have (or are planning to take) photography as a career, it is worthwhile to invest in professional gear to get more versatile results from every session. The lens that comes with your camera will help you take many good pictures, but as you start experimenting with different iterations of photography, you will need to expand the variety in your kit.
When you use the services of a photo studio for hire in London, in addition to the cameras, lighting sources and props, you will also have access to different types of lenses. Here’s what you need to know about some of them:
1- Standard lenses
With a mid-range focal length ranging between 35mm and 85mm, standard lenses provide a fairly accurate depiction of what the human eye sees – in terms of visual angle and also perspective. Therefore, images taken using these lenses appear to be as more natural than those taken with other kinds of camera lenses.
The human-like view of standard lenses is good for documentary tasks such as street, travel and portrait photography. Even outside such categories, these ‘normal lenses’ must be used by every professional photographer.
2- Telephoto lenses
With their long focal lengths – that start at 85mm – telephoto lenses enable you to photograph subjects from a distance. They have a good magnification capacity and are also heavier than other types of lenses. You will therefore need a tripod or monopod – easily available in a London photo studio rental - to use your camera with this lens.
Because depth of field is inversely proportional to focal length, telephoto lenses essentially generate very narrow focal planes - it makes them particularly useful for portrait photography, wherein the background becomes entirely blurred. In outdoor versions of photography, these lenses allow photographers to get close up shots from significantly long distances – this attribute makes them popular for sports and wildlife photography.
3- Wide angle lenses
Wide angle lenses have a short focal length that usually ranges between 14 mm and 35mm. Its wider field of view allows photographers to include more of the scene in a photo with single exposure. This quality makes wide angle lenses suitable for landscape photography.
Another key aspect of these lenses is their ability in creating more depth of the field, letting photographers capture shots of scenes that are razor sharp. As a disadvantage though, shorter focal lengths can cause distortion in the images taken by less experienced photographers.
While you can use photo editing applications to remediate the deformations if you see them in your pictures taken with this lens, it’s advisable to avoid placing elements near the frame for minimal damage.
4- Fish eye lenses
With focal length of 4 mm to 14 mm, fish eye lenses are ultra wide angle lenses. They are frequently used for abstract photography because their unique mapping gives the picture a convex form that distorts straight lines. The lowest focal lengths can create rounded images that offer a 180° view.
As it seems, the name of these lenses comes from their similarity to fish eyes. Looking at the frontal element of the lens one can see that it bows forwards to provide a panoramic view.
Although the distinctiveness of these lenses makes them inappropriate for conventional photography projects, they are good to use tools to enliven your creative photography ideas.
With a host of options available at photography studios, it may be difficult to choose a lens for your first assignment – do not hesitate to consult the professionals in such a case.