What is the normal measurement of blood sugar?
Insulin and blood sugar:
An increase in the level of glucose in the blood occurs after eating, and this is what stimulates the pancreas to secrete insulin, which in turn converts glucose into energy, and helps the body store glucose for use at later times. It should be noted that glucose is mainly stored in the liver and fat cells. And muscles, and in the event of an imbalance in insulin secretion or action, sugar remains high in the blood, which leads to the occurrence of certain types of diseases, the most prominent of which is diabetes.
Blood glucose level testing is used to detect diabetes and monitor the condition of a diabetic patient. This is important for adjusting the dose of the patient’s drug treatments, in addition to determining his daily activities and diet. It should be noted that this disease occurs as a result of the inability of the pancreas to secrete a sufficient amount of insulin, or a disturbance in the response of the body’s cells to insulin, or Both.
Checking the cumulative blood sugar level:
Hemoglobin represents the protein found in red blood cells that supplies the body's cells with oxygen. It is also responsible for giving the blood its red color. When glucose accumulates in the blood, it binds to hemoglobin. Since red blood cells live for approximately three months, measuring the glucose bound to hemoglobin enables us From inferring the average blood glucose level during approximately the previous three months, this is known as the cumulative glucose test, also known as the glycosylated hemoglobin test, and these values can be used to interpret the test results:
Normal level: If the reading result is between 4-5.6%.
Pre-diabetes: If the percentage is between 5.7-6.4%, in this case the person is at risk of developing his condition and developing diabetes.
Diabetes: If the result is 6.5% or higher.
Fasting blood sugar test:
The fasting sugar test is used to diagnose pre-diabetes or diabetes. As for the method of conducting this test, a blood sample is taken early in the morning, after fasting for a period ranging from eight to ten hours, as only water is allowed to be consumed during that period, and it is Draw a blood sample and take a blood sugar reading. These values can be used to interpret the test results:
Normal level: If the reading result is less than 6.1 mmol/L, which is equivalent to (110 mg/dL).
Pre-diabetes: If the reading result is between 6.1-6.9 mmol/L (111-125 mg/dL).
Diabetes: If the reading result is 7.0 mmol/L or higher (126 mg/dL or higher).
Oral glucose tolerance test:
To perform an oral glucose tolerance test, a person is required to fast overnight. The fasting blood sugar level is first measured, after which he is given a sugar solution to drink. Then his blood sugar levels are measured periodically for two consecutive hours. These values can be used to interpret the results. the test:
Normal level: If the blood sugar reading result is less than 7.8 mmol/L (140 mg/dL).
Pre-diabetes: If the blood sugar reading result after two hours is between 7.8-11.0 mmol/L (140-199 mg/dL).
Diabetes: If the blood sugar reading result is more than 11.1 mmol/L (200 mg/dL).
It is preferable to perform an oral glucose tolerance test in the following categories:
People who suffer from overweight and obesity.
People who suffer from high blood pressure.
Women who suffer from polycystic ovary syndrome.
If a close family member has diabetes.
Babies born weighing more than four kilograms.
People suffering from high triglycerides>
Random glucose test:
A random glucose test can be performed before eating a meal, or within one to two hours of eating it. The values of this test vary depending on the last meal eaten. It should be noted that the normal blood sugar level before eating a meal ranges between 80-130 mg/ Deciliter, which is less than 180 mg/dL one to two hours after eating. The test indicates the possibility of diabetes if the blood sugar level is 200 mg/dL or higher.
Symptoms of diabetes:
Diabetes appears as a group of symptoms, which are as follows:
Significantly increased hunger, especially after eating.
Frequent fungal infections.
Feeling tired and weak.
Wounds do not heal quickly.
Unexplained weight loss.
Feeling numb or tingling in the feet or hands.
Risk factors for diabetes:
There are many risk factors that increase the likelihood of developing type 2 diabetes, the most prominent of which are the following:
Age: The risk of developing type 2 diabetes increases with age, and studies have shown that people whose origins are from South Asia, Africa, or China are more susceptible to developing this disease at an early age, and this can be explained by the fact that people’s activity decreases and their weight decreases. It increases as they age, so exercising and following an appropriate diet play a role in preventing this disease.
Weight gain and obesity: Studies have shown that, in general, if the body mass index is 25 or more, the risk of contracting this disease increases. Other studies have shown that the accumulation of fat around the abdominal area causes the release of chemicals that harm different parts of the body, including the abdominal cavity. Metabolic, cardiovascular systems.
Genetic factors: If a close family member has this disease, the risk of contracting it increases.
About the Creator
Hello, I write articles about the benefits of fruits and vegetables for diet. I also write articles about the correct ways to deal with dieting for pregnant women and diabetics, and a lot of useful information. Thank you for your visit.