It's time for another history appreciation post! The month of October is now over, so here are a few moments from Octobers of the past.
October 1 331 BC - Battle of Gaugamela
Alexander the Great defeated Darius III of Persia, gaining control of the Persian Empire.
October 2 1928 - Opus Dei
Saint Josemaría Escrivá founded Opus Dei, the "Prelature of the Holy Cross and the Work of God".
October 2 1944 - Warsaw Uprising
Polish resistance fighters capitulate the Warsaw Uprising, leaving between 150 000 and 200 000 Polish civilians dead.
October 3 1922 - First facsimile photo sent
The first facsimile photo was sent over city telephone lines in Washington, D.C.
October 3 1990 - Reunification of East and West Germany
The German Democratic Republic ceased to exist, and the states on its former territory joined the Federal Republic of Germany.
October 4 1537 - First English Bible
The first complete English-language Bible, the "Matthew Bible" was printed.
October 4 1883 - The Orient Express
The Orient Express departed on its first official journey from Paris to Istanbul.
October 4 1900 - Ashantis defeated in Ghana
In the final confrontation of the Anglo-Ashanti wars, Great Britain defeated around 4000 Ashantis and officially occupied their empire.
October 4 1957 - Sputnik I launched
The Soviet Union launched Sputnik I into elliptical low Earth orbit, as the first ever artificial Earth satellite.
October 5 1789 - March on Versailles
During the French Revolution women of Paris marched to Versailles to confront king Louis XVI.
October 6 1939 - Hitler's plans
Adolf Hitler announced his plans to regulate "the Jewish problem".
October 6 1951 - Atomic bomb
Joseph Stalin proclaimed that the Soviet Union had the atomic bomb.
October 6 1956 - Polio vaccine
The scientist Albert Sabin announced that his oral Polio vaccine was ready for testing.
October 7 1737 - Calcutta cyclone
A cyclone caused 40 foot waves that are believed to have killed 300 000 people in Calcutta, India.
October 7 1919 - KLM was established
The oldest existing airline in the world, KLM, Royal Dutch Airlines was established.
October 7 2001 - US invasion of Afghanistan
The US of Afghanistan began with an air assault and covert operations on the ground.
October 8 2004 - Wangari Maathai
The Nobel Peace Prize was for the first time awarded an African woman. Kenyan Wangari Maathai received it for "her contribution to sustainable development, democracy and peace".
October 9 1000 - Leif Erikson discovered "Vinland"
Reputedly he was the first European to reach North America.
October 10 1780 - Atlantic's deadliest hurricane
The Great Hurricane of 1780, the Atlantic's deadliest recorded hurricane, killed between 20 000 and 30 000 people in the Caribbean.
October 12 1492 - Columbus reached America
Christopher Columbu's expedition made landfall on an island in present-day Bahamas in the Caribbean, believing he had reached East Asia.
October 12 1999 - The Day of Six Billion
The six billionth living human in the world was born.
October 13 1884 - Greenwich Mean Time
Greenwich in South East London was established as the universal time meridian of longitude.
October 14 1066 - Battle of Hastings
William the Conqueror and his Norman army invaded England by defeating the forces of Harold II.
October 15 1581 - First ballet performance
"Ballet Comique de la Reine" was staged in Paris as the first ever formal court ballet, commissioned by Catherine De Medici.
October 16 1923 - Disney Brothers Cartoon Studio
The Disney Brothers Cartoon Studio (now The Walt Disney Company) was founded in California by Walt and Roy Disney.
October 17 2017 - IS headquarters overtaken
After four months of fighting, the Islamic State headquarters Raqqa was declared under full control of US-led alliance by Syrian Democratic Forces.
October 18 1922 - BBC
The British Broadcasting Company was founded (later called British Broadcasting Corporation).
October 19 1722 - Automatic fire extinguisher
Chemist French C. Hopffer patented an automatic fire extinguisher in England.
October 20 1603 - Sangley Rebellion
The Sangley Rebellion, a Chinese uprising in the Philippines failed, leaving 20 000 Chinese dead.
October 21 1854 - Florence Nightingale
Florence Nightingale and a staff of 38 nurses was sent to the British camp in the Ottoman Empire during the Crimean War.
October 22 1978 - Grete Waitz world record
Norwegian runner Grete Waitz won the New York City Marathon in her race debut, setting a world record of 2:32:30.
October 23 2015 - Adele's "Hello"
Adele released her single "Hello", which would become the first song with more than a million downloads in the first week (1.1m).
October 24 1929 - "Black Thursday"
Dow Jones went down 12.8%, marking the beginning of the stock market crash.
October 25 1415 - Battle of Agincourt
Henry V's forces defeated a larger French army in the Battle of Agincourt during the Hundred Years' War, much thanks to the use of longbows.
October 26 1863 - Development of the Red Cross
An international conference is held in Geneva aiming to improve medical conditions on battlefields, which will become the International Committee of the Red Cross.
October 27 1982 - China reached one billion
China announced its population had reached one billion plus people.
October 28 1538 - New World's first university
The Universidad Santo Tomás de Aquino, he first university in the New World, is established on Hispaniola.
October 29 2015 - End of one-child policy
After 35 years, China announced the end of their one-child policy.
October 30 1973 - The Bosphorus Bridge
The Bosphorus Bridge in Istanbul, Turkey was completed. For the first time, the continents of Europe and Asia were connected over the Bosporus.
October 31 1517 - The Protestant Reformation
Martin Luther sent out his 95 Theses to the Archbishop of Mainz, Albrecht von Brandenburg, beginning The Protestant Reformation.
That was my list. I hope you learned something new! We must continue to acknowledge our history and learn from what's happened in our past.
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