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Understanding the Key Terms in Loan Agreements for Mutual Funds

A Guide to key terms in Mutual Fund Loan Agreements

By AbhiloansPublished about a month ago 4 min read

In order to successfully go through the complex details of these financial instruments, borrowers have to understand the important phrases found in loan agreements for mutual funds. This blog explores the essential information that borrowers must understand in order to make wise judgments and successfully manage their financial obligations.


A loan against mutual funds is a secured loan where the borrower pledges their mutual fund units as collateral. This type of loan provides liquidity without the need to liquidate the investments. Borrowers must comprehend the terms and restrictions associated with it, though. Understanding these terms benefits to evaluate the loan offer, comprehending the responsibilities, and efficiently organizing repayment.

Key Terms in Loan Agreements for Mutual Funds

Collateral: It is the asset that the borrower pledges as collateral to get a loan. In the event that a debt is secured by mutual funds, the units of the mutual funds serve as the collateral. The units belong in the borrower's name, thus until the loan is paid back, they cannot be sold or redeemed.

Loan-to-Value (LTV) Ratio: A borrower's maximum loan amount against their mutual fund assets is known as the loan-to-value ratio (LTV ratio). It is often stated as a percentage of the mutual fund units' current market value. For example, if the mutual fund units are valued at ₹10 lakhs and the loan-to-value ratio is 50%, the borrower can receive up to ₹5 lakhs in credit.

Interest Rate: The cost of borrowing represented as a percentage of the loan amount is known as the interest rate. It may be floating or fixed. A floating interest rate is one that can change depending on the lender's benchmark rate or the state of the market, whereas a fixed interest rate stays the same for the duration of the loan.

Tenure: The period of time a loan is sanctioned for is referred to as its "tenure".. Depending on the borrower's needs and the lender's policies, loan terms might vary from a few months to many years. It is crucial to choose a term that aligns with the borrower's financial goals and ability to repay.

Margin Call: When the value of the pledged mutual fund units drops below a certain level, the lender will issue a margin call, requiring the borrower to make new deposits or pledge additional units in order to keep the required LTV ratio. The lender may liquidate the collateral to recover the loan amount if a margin call is missed.

Prepayment and Foreclosure Charges: Paying down the loan ahead of deadline is referred to as prepayment. Prepayment penalties are imposed by certain lenders as an additional cost for early repayment. Repaying the whole amount owed on the loan in one installment is required for foreclosure, and there can be additional costs involved. Before choosing to make an early repayment, borrowers should be informed of these payments.

Processing Fee: A processing fee is a one-time charge made by the lender for processing the loan application. It is usually non-refundable and represents a portion of the loan amount. This fee covers administrative costs and varies across lenders.

Documentation: The documentation process involves submitting necessary documents for loan approval. Common supporting documentation includes bank statements, mutual fund unit data, identification and address verification, and evidence of income. Ensuring all required documents are in order can expedite the loan approval process.

Disbursement: The procedure of transferring the loan amount to the borrower's account is referred to as disbursement. The lender releases the loan amount, which the borrower can use as needed, when the loan is granted and the security is pledged.

Repayment Schedule: The loan's repayment schedule specifies the amount and frequency of each installment as well as the timeline for repayment. It can be set up with flexible repayment terms determined by the borrower's cash flow or with equal monthly installments (EMIs).

Understanding the Fine Print

In addition to reading the main provisions of the loan agreement, borrowers should carefully review the fine print. Read the fine print to ensure you understand the lender's rights in the event of default, the dispute resolution procedure, and any hidden costs. By being informed of these specifics, you can avoid unpleasant surprises and guarantee a more seamless borrowing experience.

Benefits and Risks


  1. Liquidity: Borrowers can access funds without selling their mutual fund investments.
  2. Continued Growth: The borrower benefits from the ongoing returns from the pledged mutual funds.
  3. Quick Processing: When compared to unsecured loans, loans backed by mutual funds typically process more quickly.


  1. Market Volatility: Margin calls may be triggered by changes in the market value of mutual fund units.
  2. Interest Cost: If a loan is taken out over a lengthy period of time, interest costs may mount up.
  3. Loss of Investments: In case of default, the borrower risks losing their mutual fund investments.


Understanding the essential terminology found in mutual fund loan contracts is essential for creating well-informed borrowing selections. Learn about concepts such as collateral, interest rate, tenure, LTV ratio, and margin call so that borrowers may evaluate loan proposals more effectively and handle their money better.

Furthermore, understanding the advantages and disadvantages of these loans will help borrowers in navigating the application process skillfully and avoiding any mistakes.

Make sure you have read the fine print and asked the lender to explain any confusing terms before signing the loan agreement. By taking a proactive stance, lenders may make sure that borrowers make educated decisions that fit their financial situation and objectives.


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    AbhiloansWritten by Abhiloans

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