Studies on the COVID-19 vaccine: design, framework, and paradigm
The U.S. is among the highest countries where most public members are accepted (Khubchandani et al., 2021). The study involved 1789 members where more than half were likely to get the vaccine. It was evident from the responses that hesitancy could threaten the efficiency in many parts of America.
The goal of the study was to determine how likely it was for an adult American population to receive the COVID-19 vaccine. The responses made it clear that hesitation could jeopardize effectiveness across much of America. America ranks among the highest countries where the majority of the public are accepted according to studies on the willingness to receive the COVID-19 vaccines (Khubchandani et al., 2021). A majority of the 1789 participants in the study were likely to receive the vaccine.
Study Design: After meeting all requirements, the study of community health was approved by the journal. The numerous social media platforms where the surveys were placed have given their permission. Initially, participants were asked to consent to participate in the research of their own free choice. A multi-item questionnaire was used, and respondents could only complete it once. The partners were drawn from a convenience sample of people with a range of racial backgrounds, ages, jobs, and marital situations. All of the participants were gathered online during the worldwide epidemic. Because this was merely a single time event where exposure and result were assessed concurrently, a cross sectional technique was adopted.
The study looked at the ideas and models that previous academics have used to look into vaccination acceptability. By asking research participants whether they would be vaccinated, this study used a psychological theoretical framework. They had to reconsider some of their answers since the questionnaire also questioned them about their risk of contracting an illness. It is simpler to educate participants about the presumptions behind the used technique when a research is framed within a clearly defined area.
Because the data are previously known, the research used a pragmatic paradigm. Many individuals throughout the globe had been impacted by the COVID-19 epidemic, and outcomes like fatalities were obvious. The practical outcomes of this strategy are crucial since anybody who refuses to get the vaccination is endangering their health. Participants in pragmatic research are given the flexibility to choose how they want to proceed.
K. Kricorian, K. Turner, et al (2021). Black and Hispanic Americans' Acceptance and Beliefs Regarding the COVID-19 Vaccine. e0256122 in PloS one, 16(8).
The research looked at how well the COVID vaccine was received by Americans of black and Hispanic descent. A poll of 1950 adults was undertaken. The purpose of the research was to assess how various races see the vaccine and any variations in whether or not vaccination is acceptable. According to the research, acceptability was determined by other characteristics as opposed to race. For instance, some Hispanic Americans and certain Americans in general were not prepared to get the vaccination.
Theoretical Foundation: The model that was utilized to explore the research issue is provided by the theoretical framework used in this study. The social lens that was used looked at how ready persons of various racial backgrounds were to get the vaccination. It is simpler to properly assess a particular viewpoint with the aid of a social theory. However, since publications are classified according to the subject they cover, the majority of academic works do not adopt specific theoretical stances. However, the paper addresses a significant topic impacted by race using social theory.
The research used realism as its theoretical framework, assuming that there is only one complex reality. As a result, participants recognized the existence of CIOVID but expressed concern about the negative effects of receiving the vaccination. Some chose to stay away from it because they believed it may harm them. Others, on the other hand, would get the vaccination for their own health. People have a variety of views, making the social organization framework in use complicated. As a result, researchers must look at a particular problem from many angles.
Study Design: An intervention and outcome variable study design was used in this investigation. The specific risk factor whose impact is being investigated is referred to as the exposure means. In our situation, COVID-19 is the risk factor, and vaccinations have been recommended as a result (Kricorian & Trunel, 2021). Since individuals who will take the vaccination or disregard it are at danger, the outcome evolves as a result. However, because the vaccine was not administered expressly for the research, the exposure approach was utilized since the causal variable was naturally identified.