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Diabetes and Its Management: A Comprehensive Guide

diabetes guide

By chandani Ruwan KumariPublished 10 months ago 3 min read

Diabetes Mellitus, a prevalent chronic disease, is fast becoming one of the most significant health challenges worldwide. The complications arising from diabetes pose a considerable threat to individuals, affecting organs such as the eyes, kidneys, and nerves, and leading to increased morbidity and mortality. Moreover, individuals living with diabetes are at a heightened risk of developing other conditions like coronary artery disease, stroke, peripheral vascular disease, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and obesity.

Understanding the Complexity of Diabetes

Diabetes is a multifaceted disorder primarily involving the malfunction of the pancreas, specifically in insulin production. In the context of Ayurveda, diabetes is referred to as "Madhumeha." If left untreated or undiagnosed, diabetes can lead to rapid emaciation and, in severe cases, even death.

Categorizing Diabetes for Better Management

According to Ayurvedic principles, diabetes manifests in two distinct forms:

1. Diabetes Mellitus (Type I)

Type I diabetes, also known as insulin-dependent juvenile diabetes (IDDM-Type I), is characterized by the pancreas's inability to produce sufficient insulin. This necessitates external insulin administration to maintain proper blood glucose levels.

2. Non-Insulin Dependent Adult Onset Diabetes (Type II)

Type II diabetes, or NIDDM-Type II, represents non-insulin dependent adult onset diabetes. In this case, the pancreas does produce insulin, but the amount generated is inadequate to effectively regulate blood glucose levels.

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Identifying Telltale Signs

Recognizing the symptoms of diabetes is crucial for early diagnosis and management. These symptoms vary between the two primary types:

Symptoms of Type-1 Diabetes

• Excessive thirst

• Frequent urination

• Unexplained weight loss

• Irritability

• Weakness

• Fatigue

Symptoms of Type-2 Diabetes

• Weight loss

• Numbness in hands or feet

• Uncontrolled infections

• Limb pain

• Inflammatory chest infections

• Dim vision, contrast issues

• Excessive thirst

• Body weakness

Diagnostic Methods: Unveiling the Truth

A variety of tests can help confirm the presence of diabetes:

Urine Test: This test involves the addition of certain chemicals to a urine sample. A color change indicates the presence of glucose in the urine.

Blood Test: Known for its accuracy, this test measures the blood glucose level, aiding in definitive diagnosis.

Impact on Vital Body Components

Diabetes wreaks havoc on several vital body systems:

Blood Vessels

Elevated glucose levels instigate damage to blood vessels, acting as a catalyst for most diabetic complications.


Diabetes's impact on the heart includes elevated fat levels in the blood and increased homocysteine levels, thereby raising the risk of heart disease.


Elevated glucose levels exert undue stress on the kidneys, leading to a strain on their functioning. Over time, this can culminate in kidney failure.


Diabetes poses a significant threat to the blood vessels in the eyes, resulting in issues like retinal damage, cataracts, and even complete vision loss.


Diminished blood flow to the feet due to blood vessel damage heightens the risk of foot ulcers and infections.


Extended periods of high glucose levels inflict damage on nerves, causing reduced sensation and potential issues like numbness, tingling, fainting, and dizziness.

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Natural Aids in Managing Diabetes

Several natural remedies complement medical interventions:

Bitter Gourd: Regular consumption of bitter gourd or its juice aids in reducing blood sugar levels.

Amla: A mixture of a tablespoon of amla juice and bitter gourd juice supports pancreas secretion and insulin release.

Tulsi, Neem, and Belpatras: Consuming these leaves on an empty stomach aids in sugar level control.

Butea Tree Leaves: These leaves are effective in lowering blood sugar levels and aiding in glycousia.

Fenugreek Seeds: Powdered fenugreek seeds with milk or consumed whole can help manage diabetes.

Curry Leaves: Consuming 10 fresh curry leaves every morning for three months can prevent and treat diabetes caused by both heredity factors and obesity.

Managing diabetes requires a comprehensive understanding of its intricacies and implications. From recognizing the different types and symptoms to employing accurate diagnostic methods and exploring holistic remedies, individuals can take proactive steps toward better health.

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About the Creator

chandani Ruwan Kumari

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    chandani Ruwan KumariWritten by chandani Ruwan Kumari

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