The World's Largest Country by Area: Russia
Russia covers an area of 17,098,250 km², roughly one-eighth of the world's total land mass. The territory owned by Russia is larger than the entire Antarctic continent. In addition, Russia, which is almost twice the size of Canada, the second largest country in the world, has the size of the entire South American continent.
Russia consists of 85 federal divisions, the largest of which is Yakutia. With a surface area of 3,083,523 km2, Yakutia, which is about one-sixth of the total size of Russia, would be the eighth largest country in the world if it were a country.
The Smallest Country in the World: Vatican City
Vatican City is a country that was founded in 1929 as a result of disagreements between the Catholic Church and the Italian government. Surrounded by the Italian city of Rome, Vatican City is a microstate and its area is 0.44 km2. If we make a simple comparison, the Adalar district of Istanbul, the smallest district in Turkey, is 37 times larger than the Vatican.
The Most Populated Country in the World: China
China is the most populous country in the world with a population of approximately 1,452,000,000. Reaching a population of 500 million towards the end of the 1930s, China became the first country to exceed 1 billion in 1981. 95% of China's population, which is very unevenly distributed, lives in the eastern part of the country. The highest population density is found in the North China Plain, with 800 inhabitants per square kilometer.
The World's Least Populated Country: Vatican City
Vatican City is the least populated country in the world with a population of about 1,000 people. The majority of its population consists of church officials and church soldiers called the Swiss Guard. The remaining 5% of the Vatican population, 95% of whom are men, are the wives and children of church soldiers. In addition, the Vatican is the only country in the world with a 0 birthrate. The reason for this is that there is no maternity hospital in the Vatican.
There are countries in the world with a smaller area and population than the Vatican. However, since they are classified as micro-nations, Vatican City is officially the smallest and least populated country.
Most Populated City in the World: Tokyo, Japan
Although China is the most populous country in the world, the most populous city is not in China. Tokyo, the capital of Japan, is the most populous city in the world with a population of approximately 38 million. Tokyo, which is a highly developed city as well as being crowded, is one of the most livable cities in the world.
The World's Largest Island: Greenland
Greenland is the world's largest non-continental island with an area of approximately 2,166,000 km2. Greenland, an autonomous region of Denmark, is an island covered with ice. The population of Greenland, whose capital is Nuuk, is approximately 56,000.
The World's Highest Point: Mount Everest
Mount Everest, located between Nepal and Tibet, an autonomous region of China, is considered the highest point in the world with an altitude of 8,849 meters. The so-called "death zone" is a popular exploration point for climbers after 8,000 meters of Everest. Climbing Everest requires a lot of mountaineering experience elsewhere, as well as a certificate of health, equipment and a trained Nepali guide.
The Deepest Point in the World: Mariana Trench
The Marina Trench is the deepest part of the Earth's surface in the Western Pacific Ocean. It contains the deepest point in the world, called the Challenger Deep. Reaching this point, which has a depth of approximately 10,994 meters, is much more difficult than reaching the highest point in the world, Mount Everest.
World's Highest Falls: Angel Falls, Venezuela
Angel Falls in Venezuela is the highest waterfall in the world with a height of 979 meters. On November 18, 1933, American pilot Jimmie Angel made a flight over the waterfall and shared the existence of the waterfall with people, and the waterfall was named after him.
The World's Largest Hot Desert: The Great Sahara Desert, Central/North Africa
The Great Sahara Desert is the largest hot desert in the world. It is also the third largest desert after Antarctica and the Arctic. The size of this huge desert, which connects Central and North Africa, is approximately 9,200,000 km2. The best way to describe the size of the Great Sahara Desert is that its area is almost the same as China, the country with the fourth largest area in the world.
The World's Largest Lake: Caspian Sea
The Caspian Sea is the largest lake in the world with an area of approximately 371,000 km2. It is located at the crossroads of Europe and Asia, with the Caucasus Mountains in the west and the steppes of Central Asia in the east. It borders Russia in the northwest, Azerbaijan in the west, Iran in the south, Turkmenistan in the southeast and Kazakhstan in the northeast. Simply put, the size of the Caspian Sea is half the area of Turkey. Although its area is shrinking due to global warming, the Caspian Sea is still the largest lake in the world.
World's Longest River: Nile River, Africa
The Nile River, which is considered the longest river in the world, is approximately 6,853 kilometers long. Flowing north through the tropical climate of East Africa and into the Mediterranean, the river passes through 11 countries: Tanzania, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, Ethiopia, Eritrea, South Sudan, Sudan and Egypt.
The World's Largest Ocean: Pacific Ocean (Pacific Ocean)
With an area of approximately 165,200,000 km2, the world's largest ocean is the Pacific Ocean. The Pacific Ocean, which makes up more than half of the world's water, is large enough to cover all the continents on Earth. The Pacific Ocean, which is twice the size of the Atlantic Ocean, the next largest ocean, has an average depth of 4,000 meters.
The World's Largest Continent: Asia
Asia is the world's largest continent, occupying about 30% of the world's land area. It is also the world's most populous continent, with a total of 60% of the world's population. The Asian continent, which has an area of approximately 44,580,000 km2, is also home to the highest and lowest points in the world. In addition, the Asian continent is the continent with the most countries (45) after Africa (54) and Europe (47).
World's Most Spoken Language: Chinese
English is believed by many to be the most spoken language in the world. But in fact, Chinese is in the first place. This is because of China's huge population. The number of Chinese speaking people in the world is over 1 billion. The number of people speaking English in the second place is over 500 million.
World's Tallest Building: Burj Khalifa, Dubai/United Arab Emirates
Burj Khalifa has a height of 828 meters and is the tallest building in the world. This huge skyscraper, which was started to be built in 2004, was opened in January 2009. Approximately 1.5 billion dollars were spent on the construction of Burj Khalifa, which was originally called Burj Dubai. Burj Khalifa, which has 162 floors, has 54 elevators and these elevators reach the top of the building in 2 minutes at a speed of 60 kilometers per hour.
World's Longest Suspension Bridge: 1915 Çanakkale Bridge, Turkey
1915 Çanakkale Bridge, which was put into service on March 18, 2022, has become the longest suspension bridge in the world with a length of 2,023 meters. The huge suspension bridge, opened to traffic over the Dardanelles, was built to connect Turkey's Asian and European lands. Before the 1915 Çanakkale Bridge, the Akashi Kaikyo Bridge in Japan was known as the longest suspension bridge in the world with a length of 1991 meters.