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By GENOSIS BS&TPublished 2 months ago 4 min read

To summarize, the universe is made up of normal matter, antimatter, dark matter, energy and dark energy. Normal matter consists of gases, solids, liquids and plasma. Interstellar space is made up of stray atoms, molecules and microscopic dust particles. Cosmic rays are made up of protons, alpha particles, electrons and gamma rays. Dark matter makes up 27% of the universe and cannot be detected and dark energy makes up 68% of the universe and cannot be detected either.

Space is an infinite vacuum that contains a variety of objects, particles, and energy. It is composed of interstellar space, the universe, normal matter, antimatter, dark matter, energy, and dark energy.

Interstellar space is the space between stars and galaxies. It is composed of gas and dust particles made up of normal matter such as hydrogen and helium. The interstellar medium also contains magnetic fields that can affect the motion of charged particles such as cosmic rays.

The universe consists of all matter and energy in existence. This includes normal matter such as stars, galaxies, planets, and other objects; antimatter; dark matter; energy; and dark energy. Normal matter makes up approximately 4% of the universe’s mass-energy density while the remaining 96% consists of dark matter (27%) and dark energy (69%).

Normal matter is composed of atoms made up of protons, neutrons, and electrons. Normal matter interacts with electromagnetic radiation such as light or radio waves which allows us to observe it using telescopes or other instruments.

Antimatter is composed of particles with opposite charges than those in normal matter. When antimatter comes into contact with normal matter they annihilate each other releasing large amounts of energy in the form of gamma rays or other forms of radiation.

Dark Matter is a form of unknown material that does not interact with light or electromagnetic radiation. It was first proposed to explain discrepancies between observed gravitational forces in galaxies compared to the amount expected from visible mass alone. Dark Matter makes up about 27% of the universe’s mass-energy density but its exact nature remains unknown.

Energy is a fundamental property that can take on many forms including heat, light, chemical reactions, electrical current etc… Energy can be converted from one form to another but cannot be created or destroyed according to the law of conservation of energy which states that “the total amount of energy in an isolated system remains constant over time”.

Dark Energy is a mysterious force believed to be responsible for accelerating the expansion rate of the universe over time by counteracting gravity’s pull on objects within it. Dark Energy makes up about 69% percent of the universe's mass-energy density but its exact nature remains unknown as well.

Scientists face many challenges when studying these topics due to their mysterious nature which makes them difficult to detect or measure accurately using existing technology or instruments such as telescopes or particle accelerators. For example, detecting dark matter requires specialized instruments because it does not interact with light, making it difficult to observe directly. Similarly, measuring dark energy requires precise measurements over large distances which are difficult to obtain due to its low density .

To help illustrate complex concepts for readers who may be unfamiliar with these topics, one could use analogies. For example, one could compare dark matter to an invisible hand pushing against objects within a room, causing them to move faster than expected without any visible force acting upon them. Similarly, one could compare dark energy to a mysterious force pushing against all objects within a room causing them expansion over time regardless if there are any visible forces acting upon them.


One of the most fascinating aspects of space is the formation of black holes due to strong gravity. A black hole is an area in space where gravity is so strong that nothing, not even light, can escape its pull. The nearest black hole was discovered in 2000 and located about 1,600 light years away. Another interesting phenomenon in space is wormhole theory, which suggests that space and time are connected by a bridge or tunnel. This could potentially allow for time travel and exploration of distant galaxies.


Temperature is measured based on the speed of molecules; the faster they move, the higher the temperature. Absolute zero is believed to be -429.67 degrees Fahrenheit (F). However, some areas of space are much colder than this. For example, the Boomerang Nebula has been recorded at -457.6 degrees F and is one of the coldest places in our universe. On the other hand, some areas in space can reach incredibly high temperatures as well. Superheated interstellar plasma gas can reach temperatures up to 180,000,000 degrees F after an explosion.


The study of physics helps us understand how matter and energy interact with each other in our universe. One example of this interaction is Newton's law of universal gravitation which states that all objects with mass exert a gravitational force on each other and that this force decreases with distance between them. Another important concept from physics is Einstein's theory of relativity which deals with how time and space are related to each other as well as how gravity affects them both. Additionally, quantum mechanics explains how particles behave at a very small scale such as atoms and subatomic particles like protons and electrons.

spacesciencefuturefact or fictionastronomy

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