Genetically Modified Organisms is artificial food made by genetic engineering mainly in a laboratory. It limits cross breeding options, and picks the best traits for the organism. These Organisms will not be found in natural environments. Scientists pick a gene to modify or change and they work until it is what they are looking for. Cloning is also used in Genetically Modified Organisms or GMOs to make all organisms of that type the same or identical.
GMOs being dangerous is all based on your perspective on things. It’s your own opinion. There aren’t even enough studies to prove whether it is dangerous or not. But GMOs have been around for a long time. In the United States certain states during 1994 had GMOs. Mainly Corn, Cotton, and Soybeans during this time. Now there are tomatoes, potatoes, sugar beets, and a few others. All GMOs are labeled and you should take precautions with some foods like you would with anything else. Anything can be Genetically Modified. Even Bacteria, Plants, Animals, and Viruses.
More than 90 percent of seeds are genetically modified for crops. There are certain pros to genetically modifying food. Like genetically modified food is resistant to crops, tolerant to heat, cold, drought, herbicides, and there is crop yield. Genetically modified food has stronger colors, a longer shelf life, and you can eliminate the seeds within the crops. Some genetically modified food can have more of a specific nutrient. Genetically modified foods are also a more beneficial way to feed people.
Some cons of genetically modified food is that the research on it is very limited, could be linked to certain allergies, antibiotic resistance and cancer. In the United States it is not mandatory for companies to label the food if it is genetically modified. However in Europe it is mandatory. Genetically Modified food has been used for a long time. Even back in the 1800s. With Mendel and Pea Plants. Genetically Modifying is a way of cross breeding, it is easier and less painful and time consuming than cross breeding. Sometimes Genetically Modified Organisms can be beneficial to countries who lack nutrients. So far the GMOs haven’t affected or harmed anyone but if problems do arise they say the problems should be manageable.
Genetically Modified Food/Organisms are highly debated everywhere and many people change their position on their argument, sometimes a lot. Genetically Modified Organisms save lives through medicines. The first GMO in the medical field that was approved was insulin. It was approved in 1982, and is nearly used by 1.25 billion people to manage their type 1 diabetes. It has led to the development of over a thousand other medical drugs to treat diseases.
Genetically Modified Foods save around 1.15 million children who suffer from lack of nutrients around the world annually. Genetically Modified Foods have saved 93 percent of the soil from being eroded around the United States since the mid 1990s.