Major Crops of Pakistan
Pakistan is an agricultural country. Almost 70% of its economy depends upon agriculture. We categorized the main crops of Pakistan into two major sections, Rabi and Kharif. The season of Rabi crop ranges from October to December and it harvested in summer season from April to June. Main products of these crops are wheat, barley and some soil seeds. While the Kharif crop begins at the time of summer and harvested during winter season. For Example rice, jowar, maize etc. In Pakistan we grow such crops to meets the requirements of the growing population and also do some trading to make money. We export a major portion of our crop to other countries to strengthen our economy. In short we can say that Pakistan produce two types of crop one is food crop and other one is cash crop. Wheat, rice, maize are examples of such types of crops that are used to satisfy the basic needs of the society. Thus these crops are called food crops. Other crops are grown to make profit like cotton. Pakistan is considered one of the top exporters of cotton crop. In this way we may profit by exporting crop to other countries. Now we will discuss some major crops of Pakistan.
Rice is one of the most important kharif crops in Pakistan or in Asia. Some factors like humidity, heavy rainfall and soil rich in nutrients helps in the production of such crop. Along with hot humidity there must be large amount of water and extra flooding are required for good standing of rice crop. In Pakistan two provinces are the major producer of rice crop, Punjab and Sindh. Almost 85% of the rice crop cultivate in those province. One main reason of this cultivation is the presence of Indus river that flows over these provinces and deposit nutrients to soil makes it extra rich in nutrients and fertile.
Wheat is an example of Rabi crop and highly important for economic growth. It grows in Punjab and some regions of Sindh. It requires leveled soil for growth otherwise the crop would not flourish. Areas near the irrigated canal are well suited for its production because it needs continues supply of water for proper growth. In dry places other than those irrigated canal areas this crop produced only where the winter and summer rainfall sure and abundant. Regions like Multan, Mianwali, Muzaffarghar, Nwabshah, Dera Ghazi Khan are considered the most important regions for its cultivation and growth.
Pakistan cultivates almost 5% of the World's cotton. Cotton is an important and main ingredient of textile industry. In Pakistan many regions with improved drainage facilities are highly suitable for cotton production. It is also known as most Spine of textile industry. Not only textile but we made ghee from this crop. About two-third areas of Punjab province and one-third of other areas of Pakistan are major producer of cotton crops.
Sugarcane is the major raw material for sugar industries. It is the crop of kharif season and cultivated during winter seasons. It mostly found in those areas where the farmers set the proper system of irrigation. Time to time water and proper care would push the best crop production. Mostly the sugarcane crops grow in Peshawar and some other regions of Khyber Pakhtunkhwan or us able to see that crop in most regions of Punjab. Sugarcane industry is also considered one of the most growing industries in Pakistan. Therefore, there is no doubt to say that this industry contributes much in the betterment of the economy of the country.