Ways To Manage Alopecia Areata
How we treatment of Alopecia Areata.
Alopecia areata occurs in a mild patchy form where less than 50 percent of scalp hair is lost and an extensive form where more than 50 percent of scalp hair is lost.
Does Alopecia Areata Go Away?
In alopecia areata, it is not compulsory to permanently destroy the hair follicles. Instead, the follicles are temporarily damaged. Therefore, the hair can sometimes regrow in bald areas if the inflammation that surrounds the follicles reduces. People with milder forms of alopecia can continue to fully cover their heads. About more than half of people diagnosed with alopecia areata usually recover within a year. However, around 30 percent of patients of alopecia areata will have ongoing issues with hair loss or see their condition worsen with time. The remaining percentage of people diagnosed with alopecia areata will progressively develop a more severe form of alopecia areata like alopecia total or alopecia, Universalis.
Are Treatments Available For Alopecia Areata?
Presently, there is no permanent cure for alopecia areata, although there are some forms of treatment that doctors can suggest to help the hair regrow more quickly. The choice of treatment from all available methods depends mainly on a person's age and the severity of their hair loss. Since these treatments do not cure alopecia areata, they help stimulate the hair follicle to produce hair again. Also, the treatments need to be continued until the disease goes away itself. Treatments are most effective in milder cases.
Available Treatment Options For Alopecia Areata
Medications that can either promote hair growth or affect the immune system include Diphencyprone, low dose naltrexone, squaric acid, minoxidil, anthralin, cephalothin, corticosteroids, and quercetin. Even though some of these may help with the regrowth of hair, they cannot prevent the formation of new bald patches.
A handful of documented cases proves the efficiency of Diphencyprone (DCP) in treating alopecia areata, which is a topical immunotherapy medication that can be applied to the areas of the body that have been affected by hair loss. Although the medication is experimental, it has been proven to treat alopecia effectively.
Low Dose Naltrexone
Low-dose naltrexone (LDN), if given between one and five milligrams a day, may encourage the body to produce anti-inflammatory beta-endorphins and lower pro-inflammatory proteins in the blood. It helps treat several conditions, including alopecia areata, due to its ability to assist with immune-cell regulation and hair regrowth.
Squaric acid dibutyl ester (SADBE) is a topical medication that is suitable for people who have been dealing with long-term problems with alopecia. Studies have shown that squaric acid may be most effective for treating alopecia when combined with other therapies like cryotherapy.
Minoxidil is a topical solution that may grow hair in alopecia areata. Scalp, eyebrows, and beard hair may respond. Two percent topical minoxidil solution alone is ineffective in treating alopecia areata. Therefore cortisone cream is applied 30 minutes after the minoxidil. Topical minoxidil is completely safe, easy to use, and does not lower blood pressure in persons with normal blood pressure. Please note that completing bald people may not show improvements with minoxidil.
Anthralin is a synthetic cream or ointment that is applied to the bare patches once daily and washed off after application for 30-60 minutes. It helps regrow hair. The hair growth effects are visible in eight to twelve weeks.
Side effects of anthralin include irritation and discoloration of the treated skin. Enthralling should be applied with care and always wash hands after application.
Corticosteroids are powerful anti-inflammatory drugs that suppress the immune system and are administered orally through local injections and topical ointment applications. These are usually the first treatments given to patients diagnosed with alopecia areata. Corticosteroids are applied to the bare skin patches and show results within four weeks.
However, corticosteroids are not good for long-term use as they can create a host of adverse side effects, such as high blood pressure and fluid retention. The local cortisone injections result in temporary depressions in the skin, but these "dells" usually fill in by themselves.
Initial research has discovered a naturally occurring bioflavonoid found in fruits and vegetables, quercetin, that can protect against the growth of alopecia areata and effectively treat existing hair loss. More research is needed, including human clinical trials, before quercetin can be considered a treatment for alopecia areata.
Find All Treatments at Harbor Compounding Pharmacy
As several people have been facing problems with hair loss due to alopecia areata, we have made a lot of efforts to find more viable medicinal solutions with long-lasting results. If you have been diagnosed with alopecia, discuss your options with both your doctor and your pharmacist. Often, you will have to seek a compounding pharmacy to obtain the more unconventional treatments. To find out how we can help, please reach out to us at Harbor Compounding Pharmacy, where you will be entertained by one of our friendly pharmacists.
According to studies, photochemotherapy presents a potential alternative for patients who are unable or unwilling to use systemic or invasive therapies. The treatment involves targeted ultraviolet light combined with topical chemotherapy medications and is usually used in more severe cases of alopecia.
This therapy is a relatively new form of treatment for alopecia. Cryotherapy has shown promising results as a conjunctive treatment, but not all patients have access to treatment.
- Support Groups
Alopecia areata does not directly make people sick, nor is it contagious. It can, however, be challenging to get used to it emotionally. Alopecia areata affects some people traumatically, which warrants treatment addressing the emotional aspect of hair loss and the hair loss itself. Patients can take help from support groups and counseling to share their thoughts and feelings and discuss common psychological reactions to the condition.
Acupuncture can be used to treat alopecia areata as it increases blood flow and improves circulation in the skin. This could help stimulate hair follicles, nerves, and blood vessels to stop hair loss. Then, regrowth may begin again with additional treatment.
Aromatherapy is a natural healing treatment that uses natural plant extracts to promote overall health and well-being. Sometimes it's called essential oil therapy. Lavender, cedarwood, thyme, rosemary oils, etc., have several growth-promoting properties. Rubbing them on your scalp is believed to treat alopecia for more than 100 years. The effectiveness of the therapy varies from person to person.
As conventional treatments for alopecia are minimal, studies that support natural treatments for alopecia are even thinner on the ground. While none of the following remedies are likely to cause harm, their effectiveness is also not supported by research. In addition to the aesthetic aspect of hair, it affords protection against the elements. People with alopecia areata who miss the protective qualities of hair should try:
- Rubbing onion or garlic juice, almond oil, rosemary oil, cooled green tea, honey, or coconut milk into the scalp.
- Wearing sunscreen if exposed to the sun.
- Wearing wraparound glasses to protect eyes from direct sunlight and debris, which the eyebrows and eyelashes usually defend against.
- Wearing hats and scarves to keep your head protected from direct sunlight.
- Using an ointment inside the nose keeps membranes moist and protects against microorganisms, usually trapped nostril hair.