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The History of Hip-Hop Music

by Stefan Rares Baluta 3 months ago in history
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Hip-Hop music

Old School rap (1970-1986)

Old school rap is considered the first hip hop music style released at NY block parties in the late '70s and early' 80s. Kool Herc and Grandmaster Flash who created the right songs for those who wanted to put their lyrics on the beat, the MCs, today's rappers. The old school era is over when Run DMC's "Raising Hell" a certain success that causes the beginning of a new Hip Hop decade called the "Golden Age".

The origins of the Old School

The official beginning of Hip Hop culture was declared on November 12, 1974. In the early 1970's, many radio stations began broadcasting disco music, which caused a mass outrage in the color community in the United States, which was beginning to get used to music. The first DJs who started practicing the dub technique (extending uni beat with the help of the mixer and the turntable with the same song) were very successful. One of them, DJ Kool Herc, from Jamaica , is considered one of the first founders of Hip Hop. Over time, the use of this technique led to the creation of scratch and remix. Simultaneously with the development of Hip Hop, the so-called performers (MC) began to perform the lyrics they read in tune with the songs created by the DJ. Thus appeared the first Master of Ceremonies, Emcee. Dj Kool Herc, Coce La Rock and Clark Kent, were the first famous rap band, but they were not the only ones. Universal Zulu Nation, created by Afrika Bambaataa (currently Zulu Nation is a huge international organization that promotes Hip Hop from a social point of view). The technique used even today - Shouting Out). -3 y'all, to the beat, y'all).

Subsequently, the MCs developed different variants of rhythmic and vocal approach, assuming short lyrics, often with a sexual or offensive background, trying to stand out and at the same time, to entertain the audience. These first lyrics are reminiscent of Dozens, an older African-American band. In the 1970s, breakdance evolved into a block party, where so-called b-boys and fly-girls danced in front of an audience, each group trying to invent new dance figures and styles. A concrete example of this period is documentary film. Beat Street ".

In 1975-76 rap was divided into 2 currents with a focus on 2 different social aspects. On the one hand it was a source of fun for both dancers and amateurs of more funny lyrics; Pete was nominated for DJ Jones, Eddie Cheeba, DJ Hollywood and Love Bug Starski. regularly calling on DJ Afrika Bambaataa, Paul Winley, Grandmaster Flash and Bobby Robinson.

The first step towards the commercialization of Hip Hop was made in 1979 by recording the 2 songs that are still considered "Greatest of": "King Tim III (Personality Jock)" by Fatback Band and "Rapper's Delight" by Sugarhill Gang. Even though they didn't make a significant contribution to DJ culture, at least "Rapper's Delight" entered the Billboard Top 40 hits. singles from Grandmaster Flash & The Furious Five ("Freedom", "The message"), rap was gaining national success. Despite this, many said that this style would disappear with the popularity of those few. pieces that brought it to the commercial level.

With the release of the first rap albums in the late '70s, all the important elements of this new musical trend were already established. at home, but also in other major US cities, such as Los Angeles, Washington, Baltimore, Dallas, Kansas City, Miami, Seattle, St. Louis. Louis, New Orleans and Houston. Philadelphia was then considered, along with NY, the only city capable of providing fundamental support to this culture, according to many music critics. This was "Rhythm Talk" by Jocko Anderson in 1979. Earlier, the NY Times declared the city the world capital of graffiti in 1971, thanks to legendary Cornbread artists. Lady B. (To the beat, Y'all, 1980), who was a DJ at a radio station in Philadelphia. Later, Schooly D made a huge contribution to the creation of gangsta rap.

At the beginning of the '80s, the diversification of rap began, the lyrics containing many metaphors, the themes approached were more and more, the lyrics being longer, they also required appropriate instruments, so with the evolution of MCs, the Turntablisme developed in parallel. Some rappers were real stars, even for the audience who a few years ago did not pay attention to rap music. Kurtis Blow was later accused of betraying the case and abandoning his Hip Hop origins by selling his image.

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Stefan Rares Baluta

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