What is the connotation of humanism, and how to reflect it?
From the 14th century to the 16th century, great changes took place in European society, and the old power led by the Church gradually declined. With the great development of productive forces, textile, mining, shipbuilding and other industries made great progress, some urban republics began to emerge along the Mediterranean coast, and the society gave birth to a new capitalist mode of production, and new forces represented by the bourgeoisie began to rise. The new bourgeoisie also put forward new requirements in terms of spiritual culture, that is, culture suitable for their way of life, and the Renaissance began. The mainstream culture and Christianity and scholasticism, they are not able to adapt to the cultural needs of the new bourgeoisie, they (refers to the people at that time) need a thought movement (humanism) to express its claim, concrete is the main action, collect the ancient Greek, Roman culture literature, namely we say 'the Renaissance movement. 'But humanism is not in conflict with Christian thought. (the following Liu Xianbin teacher's Renaissance humanists and the relationship of Christianity) during the Renaissance, the humanist originally refers to read in Latin, and livelihood of the people, they act as a tutor in nobility and the homes of the rich, or in the church and other imperial government ACTS as a civilian, Later, it was further extended to refer to a group of intellectual elites who advocated and promoted new attitudes and beliefs related to the classical revival (humanistic spirit). Such a group of intellectual elites were deeply influenced by humanism in the Renaissance, but they came from the Middle ages, Christian theology left an indelible mark on their consciousness, the conflict or coexistence of two different values in their thoughts, resulting in their complex and contradictory attitudes towards Christianity. Humanist attitudes to Christianity and its teachings can be broadly divided into three categories. The first group of humanists believes that there is no contradiction between humanism and Christian religious belief. Most of them take Christian belief for granted and do not think that humanism and religious belief need special coordination. The main representatives of this kind of humanists are Giotto, Boro Marcello, Da Vinci, Michelangelo, Raphael and so on. In the process of advocating humanism, they often adopt religious themes, such as Raphael's Madonna, full of maternal love, is completely a happy image of a young woman on earth. Leonardo Da Vinci's The Last Supper depicts the moment when Jesus announces to the Twelve that he has been betrayed. From the humanistic point of view, it reflects the attention to the complex psychological world of human beings, reflects the world's various conditions; From the point of view of religion, Christ in the painting presents himself to the world as a human being, and his universal spirit of giving his life to save the world shocks the believers far better than the enlightenment effect achieved by the rigid images in the middle Ages. Similarly, in numerous immortal humanistic works such as Genesis, Judgment of the Last Day, and Assumption of The Virgin Mary by Titian, the humanistic spirit and Christian faith are on a plane of harmonious coexistence and show their characteristics with the help of each other: On the one hand, with the help of religious themes, humanists praise human beings, pay attention to human values and pursue happiness in the world, so that the spirit of humanism can be highlighted. On the other hand, the sunny and beautiful tone of humanism highlights the justice, universal love and beauty of the afterlife of Christianity, enhancing the appeal of Christian faith to the public. The second group of humanists tries to integrate humanism with Christian doctrine. There are mainly Christian humanists represented by Erasmus and neo-Platonists represented by Feinot. Erasmus explored the original meaning and original doctrine of the Bible through his study of classical works. He argued that the original teachings of Christianity had been misinterpreted by medieval scholastics and had been lost to the corruption of the Catholic Church. Erasmus compiled the Greek New Testament bible and its new Latin translation, revealing and correcting many mistakes in the common Latin Bible of the Church. This practice attracted a large number of devout Christians in Northern Europe to the restoration of Christian fundamentalism, thus contributing to the spread of humanism in Europe. Ficinot translated all Plato's works into Latin, and wrote Platonic Theology on the Immortality of the Soul. He tried to integrate Platonic philosophy with Christian doctrine, seeking a kind of essential identity for religion and tradition. He believed that although people were at a lower level of material, they had the ability to communicate with God through self-improvement, and tried to find the commonality between Christianity and humanism. The third kind of humanists expose and criticize the darkness of corruption in the Catholic Church. Its representatives are Dante, Petrarch, Boccaccio, Machiavelli and so on. In the Divine Comedy, Dante adopts the form of fantasy literature, and through the description of various characters he meets in the three imaginary journeys of hell, purgatory and heaven, he attacks the greed and corruption of the church and the darkness and brutality of feudal rule, extolls the rationality of freedom and the spirit of seeking knowledge, demands the emancipation of the mind and tolerates paganism. Petrarch's "Songbook" celebrates the love of lovers, breaking free of the asceticism of the church and denouncing the Vatican as "a savage temple" and "a temple of cultists". In the Decameron, Boccaccio exposed and satirized the decadent life of Catholic monks, praised the secular life and the love of young men and women, and reflected the resistance of the emerging civic class to asceticism. Machiavelli argues that the Christian advocate deferential, exercise restraint and belittle worldly moral quality, the result is bad deeds without proper restriction, he thinks that once upon a time the value concept of Roman republic is to celebrate civic virtue, to maintain political freedom has played a positive role, and the birth of Christianity, forbear, as a result, the state and society of corruption.
What kind of dream do you choose
It's not death that most people are afraid of. It's getting to the end of life, looking back and realizing that you never really lived. According to a study done in a hospital, 100 elderly people were asked to reflect on their biggest regret in life. Almost all people answer not about what they did, but about what they didn't do, the risks they didn't take, the dreams they didn't pursue. Let me ask you -- what would your last words in life be -- "If I had... Hey! Wake up, brother! What is your reason for being? Life is not just about working and waiting for the weekend and paying rent. No, it's not! I don't know much, but I do know one thing, and I apologize to all my black friends, because I can no longer pretend that Martin Luther King, the great civil rights leader, had a dream, and that dream owned him. People don't choose dreams, dreams choose people, so my question is - do you have the courage to catch the dreams that choose you? The dream that belongs to you and rocks you, or will you let it slip away? I just recently learned a fact about airplanes, a very surprising fact, and I was talking to a pilot, and he told me that a lot of passengers find flying dangerous, and he said, in fact, it's more dangerous when the plane is on the ground. I said, ha! ? You say what? He says planes rust, break down and age faster on the ground than they do in the air. And WHEN I thought about it, yeah, that makes sense, because airplanes are built to stay in the air. Just like humans are made to live out their dreams. So perhaps the saddest part of being alive is walking on land all your life and never taking off. Most people are afraid of thieves. They will break into your house in the middle of the night to steal things, but there is a thief in your heart who steals your dreams. His name is Doubt. If you see him please call the police immediately, do not let it near the children, because he is wanted, has killed more dreams than failures, he wears a variety of masks, like a virus, will make people blind, split, let people become "a little brother". "A little bit" is very dangerous. You know what "a little bit" is. There are many people in our society who have a little bit of everything. It's simple math. If you think about everything a little bit, you'll only get a little bit of what you want. What is your dream? What ignites the spark of dreams? You can't just want something, you have to pursue it with your life! Will it be hard? Yes, it will be hard, there will be no shortcuts, and you will fall many times, but who will count how many times? Just remember one thing - there are no flat mountains in the world, and whoever wants to get to the top must first climb a steep ridge. Sometimes you get stressed out, and you get discouraged, but let me tell you, Steven Spielberg was rejected by film school three times. Three times! But he didn't give up! Oprah was fired from her TV company, saying she was not cut out for TV, but she didn't give up! Beyonce was told by critics that she couldn't sing and suffered from depression, but she didn't give up! Suffering and criticism are prerequisites for greatness. That's how the world works. No exception! Because pain is life, but you can choose the kind of pain, is it the pain toward success? Or a lifetime of regret? You want my advice? -- Just do it! Life is a gift from God, so don't mess it up. The past doesn't define you, because every moment in the future you are a new person. So seize the moment! Sometimes you have to try to jump, can be in the process of falling full-fledged, you have to be ahead of the deadline, because a life without a play-off, cannot again, I know I sound like to preach in nagging, but if you are not good with this gift, then you are not only look down on yourself, but also look down upon the world! What new invention is buried in your heart? New ideas? What's the cure? Skills? It's what you can bring to the world, Uni is the one, verse is the song, in this song everyone is a singer, so pick up the microphone, have the courage, and sing on the stage of your life! You may not be able to go back and start a new beginning, but you can start now and make a new ending.
A great life is always accompanied by failures and setbacks
The world belongs to the best, and even more to the most recognizable. Believe that luck will never come to you who are as good as others, but to you who are different from others. Because, unique is a god-made rare! May you be unique!
The hardest thing for us to surpass is ourselves
The heaviest and lightest thing in the world is a person's attitude, the most beautiful and ugliest thing in the world is a person's mind, a person's attitude determines everything, thinking determines the way out, vision is the key to determine the realm.
Eight inspirational stories of success
The inspirational story of never say die American movie star Stallone ten years ago abnormal down and out, the body only left 100 dollars, even the house can not afford to rent, can only sleep in the turtle car, but he determined to be an actor, and very confident to New York film company to apply.
What smart home products can actually improve the quality of life right now?
First, what is the list of smart home configuration for a family at present? What is a smart home? Smart home is actually the use of the Internet of things technology in the home audio, security, air conditioning, lighting, home appliances connected, unified control, remote control, benefit lazy people. Take my home as an example: smart door lock with remote camera who knows! Equipped with intelligent door lock, with software to open the community door and corridor door, I go out completely with only mobile phone, what keys do not take! There is something at home, mobile phone remote through the camera to see. Remote control home appliances with mobile phone APP. My home is on the top floor. In the hot and sweltering guangdong, I rely on smart home to set air conditioning in advance to renew my life in summer. Clean home appliance distance does sanitation, be laughed all the time have clean fetish! Because every day at work, the sweeper and the floor mopping machine take turns to go to work, under the remote control of the mobile phone to sweep me again and again and again, back home, even if I hold the cat and roll on the spot there is no pressure. Smart speakers control everything. I now turn on and off the TV, air conditioner, or can't find my phone. In addition to smart home, IN fact, I pay attention to another very interesting direction: high-tech products to improve the quality of life. Take kitchen appliances as an example, people who focus on improving the quality of life and love cooking may be interested. Last year, my home downstairs opened a shop known as the most expensive seafood fried next, diners in an endless stream, fried seafood really special sweet, we praise, carry the most is: pot gas! I tried to get home by myself a million times, but I couldn't! It turned out that his fire was a roaring one. At this time I had an interesting idea, how can I achieve the effect of stir-fry restaurant stalls at home? Tried some kitchen burning gas to pressurize suddenly enlighted, pot enough hot gas is a by-product, and let the pot to stir up a good standard is to firepower can promote quickly, under the condition of the open fire, high temperature frying pan heat rapidly and it is a long distance, stir-fried food both fat high temperature melt the surface of the aroma, It also ensures that the inside of the food is still juicy and the meat doesn't age. Therefore, in order to achieve the kind of stir-fry effect of restaurants and food stalls at home, the pressurized direct injection of gas stove is the key. We take Fang Tai Gas cooker JEM7A as an example to evaluate the gas cooker data: 1, turbocharged direct injection big fire to the influence of family cooking turbocharged direct injection combustion system is actually a black science and technology in recent years, solves the problem of family cooking no pot gas directly, like my favorite stir-fried cut thick kidneys, not the turbo jet fire, can't fry not wood shell crispy, tender and well done saute the taste of fire.
How much does family influence a person?
In 2019, Hao Lei starred in a feature film called Spring Tide, which tells a story about the conflicts and conflicts between three generations of a family in daily life. When I watched the film, I felt that the director and the screenwriter had a real life, and the characters in the shot clearly looked like their elders in real life. In my observation, many older generations of the family, perhaps out of resentment about her past life, and it may be because of the present life, they often reveal damp coarse gritty temperament, with his own identity dominate the atmosphere of whole family elders, is one of the specific performance have words not said well, must be mixed with irony and suppression of mouth. For example, in "Spring Tide", the family around the table to eat, the granddaughter said that grandma is bad temper, grandma pointed at the child with chopsticks turned to the table guests said: "See? It doesn't matter how nice it is to her. If it's not done well, she'll remember it to you. Did I treat you so badly? Then what are you doing here? You go through it? ! Ah? . You two eat and drink mine, and you expect me to wait on you with a smile? !" There is a plot, grandma reunion, drink and singing great back at night, into the house to pull the granddaughter together singing, mother to the box outside the refrigerator drinks back to the room to drink, then my grandma will attack again, said to her daughter: "jian-bo guo (hero), I'm so happy today, are you see I am happy you happy, right? Ah? I'm sharing my happiness with my granddaughter, and you go every now and then. Don't you think I can tell? Ah? I did a lifetime slave in your guo's home, am I old now to see your face? ! The thing is, I don't owe you guys a Kuo, do I? . It's not that I kneel for you, THAT I kowtow for you, that you're satisfied, right? ! ?" Like this plot in the film no less than four or five, I see the time hand straight pull pants, heart said this family how so talk? What are you doing? Under the same roof, all we do is piss each other off every day? But on second thoughts, some families in this society talk like this, and some have been so vicious for so long that they have forgotten the normal way of communicating. Mentioned above the psychological teacher, said he had seen quite a few people emotionally in deep pain, later because the study and work, living away from home to another environment, the state of the whole people has significantly reduced, it felt like a little head is caught in a plastic bag, because this bag is, as he grows, he even forgot to breathe normally, It wasn't until the hand that tightened the plastic bag disappeared that he realized how pleasant it was to breathe normally. At the end of the film, the hero mother in the hospital, in a hospital bed lethargy, fourth help mother clean the body, and comb good start, then oneself silently walk to the front of the room window, looks outside the glass is hazy night murmured: "good quiet, quiet you the world is quiet, let us stay quietly for a while so if you wake up will scold me..." I think that for many families like the one in the film, it is precisely this kind of quiet that is lacking in their happiness
How to understand "boundaries" in family life?
We can exist in the world and have bodies that are completely our own. This physical boundary is very clear and visible, so we can easily judge whether our physical boundary is violated or not. But in addition to the physical boundaries, we human beings have a psychological boundary, the boundary also ensures that each individual can exist as an independent person, everyone has their own independent life, independent thoughts, emotions, etc., each person has a Angle and the power to choose our perception of the world; Clear mental boundaries also mean being able to distinguish between inner reality and outer reality, the difference between "I think it is that way" and "it is that way." But because this mental boundary is invisible, it is often ignored. But when our borders are invaded, we feel it. For example, when your boss asks you to help around the house, you may feel like you've been asked to do more than your job and feel uncomfortable. It sounds like a joke, but I've seen bosses who ask drivers to pick up their wives and kids to kindergarten, finance people to buy personal things, employees to work overtime to clean their homes, and so on. Obviously, he has confused the boundary between work and life, and the source of the confusion is his psychological interior, the lack of psychological boundary. The lack of mental boundaries can lead to a lot of relationship confusion, and the boss mentioned above seems to be confusing the work-life relationship, but in reality, it's much more confusing. First of all, his management must be chaotic. When a manager cannot distinguish the boundary between work and life, he cannot distinguish the responsibilities and obligations of himself and his employees, and management will naturally be in a mess. Secondly, his staff will be broken down, because he lacks psychological boundary in his heart, so he can't feel healthy in interpersonal relationship. All emotions are mixed together, and he can't tell who he belongs to. So, he is also a lack of respect for others the ability of independence, in his world, everyone is mixed together, everyone should have the same idea, the behavior of the same, the same emotion and so on, it's just like every one of them was another person an arm a leg, everyone can any other people, while others have different idea, different emotions, Is not acceptable, because in his world "how can there be a person with different thoughts and feelings from me!" You can imagine how painful it is for employees to survive in such an environment. Again, the boss is doomed to withstand all sorts of frustration, because of his lack of psychological boundary, cause he can't produce realistic cognition to the world, but the world does not in the way he is looking forward to work, so his confusion will often go to the wall, in the life worse, after he hit a brick wall all don't know where did the problem, he could not understand is your own function has a problem, He felt that the world was mistreating him. And what happens at home is borderless, similar to what happens at work: a parent bursts into an adolescent's room without knocking because "You're all mine, what have you got to carry me?" Parents' lack of psychological boundaries leads to children's anger nowhere to be resolved, and children's independent needs cannot be recognized. When children become adults, they may become a person who lacks independent ability and is easy to invade others' space. Widowed mother brought up her own son married, the mother must live together, and often give the son rub back what seems to be a deep love between mother and son, in fact, the mother has invaded the life of the small family. After the child gets married, the couple has already reorganized a nuclear family. Only when the parents retreat to the outer space, can such a structural family achieve healthy development. If the mother gets deeply involved in her son's life, it will inevitably affect the operation of the nuclear family. Family gathering, a good family member constantly put himself think delicious meals to "neighbors", if people don't like the food, will naturally feel burden, besides, "Tony" feel being taken care of, at the same time, it also can have the feeling of being controlled to produce, but it all happened in under the table like "to be taken care of, It is very difficult for the party to refuse, and the discomfort can only be kept in mind. In order to avoid such discomfort again, he may choose to avoid the next party. Adolescent children begin to be curious about the opposite sex, and begin to develop intimate feelings with the opposite sex. Parents then begin to feel very anxious, feeling that if they are not well controlled, their children will appear in all kinds of danger, which is unable to distinguish the reality of fantasy from the reality of the real world. Parents' fears stem not only from cultural taboos about sex, but also from unresolved conflicts of growing up: their own adolescence is limited, or their own adolescent conflict is unresolved, and so on. When parents try to control their children, they may also be controlling their own early conflicts by controlling their children.