What kind of life is a meaningful life?
In fact, history is different from fiction, because the answer to history is that everyone knows that Comrade Chongzhen will eventually die, and that he will certainly die by hanging. He will not hit the wall, will not beat his neck, will not drink dichlorvos, in short, I do not say, you all know. So the ending should be fixed, no secondary. But that's not how I ended up. In other words, my article has two endings, and this is just the first of them. I've been reading history for 15 years, and I respect history, so I can't say that this article has no provenance, but most of it has provenance. I dare not make things up. So the second ending, which was also true, was a strange one, and it was always in my mind, and in the end, I decided to write the strange ending. The second ending Xu Hongzu was born in the fifteenth year of Wanli. Born at such a specific age, it is fate, but the outside world, with Xu Hongzu did not have much relationship, his hometown in Jiangyin, beautiful mountains and rivers, do not engage in politics, and not afraid of being hacked, relatively quiet. Of course, in those days, there was only one way to get ahead and make a name for yourself -- exams (as it seems to be today). Xu Hongzu didn't want to take exams, to be famous, to be famous. He just wanted to play. According to the historical records, is to play since childhood, and play more hard, more special, do not throw the sandbag, do not roll the hoop, just around blind, encounter mountains to climb, encounter the river under, people are very small, great courage. In addition, he hated examinations so much that when he grew up, he was asked to take the imperial examination, rather than die. This scenario, in modern times, is roughly equivalent to resisting the gaokao. This man would have ended up like he did today, dragged home and beaten half dead. However, Xu Hongzu's parents did not beat him. Instead of beating him, they told him that if you want to play, go ahead and do what you like. This seems to be a shocking idea, it seems very unreasonable, but to the Xu family, it is very reasonable. By the way, Comrade Xu Hongzu's family history should be introduced. Although his parents were not famous or famous, he had an ancestor who was quite famous, of course, not a good name. Ninety years before Xu Hongzu was born, one of the ancestors of the Xu family came to Beijing to take an examination. On the way, he met a companion named Tang Yin, also known as Tang Bohu. Yes, he is Xu Jing. Later things, talked about before, is said to be cheated by xu, the results on the tong pak fu, we die together and did not take an examination of jinshi, a even juren is gone, so by comrade xu from these mistakes and to harm the countless people (mainly) of the imperial examination system, the children education, with this evil system break, love does not take an examination of, to his mother. It is not clear whether Xu Hongzu understood this century-old grudge, but he knew how to use it, that is certain. What's more, though the Xu family had no rank, they still had some money, so he decided not to take the exam at all, but to travel. At the beginning, he mainly traveled to Jiangsu and Zhejiang, such as the Purple Mountain, Taihu Lake, Putuo Mountain and so on. Later, he became more brave and went to Yandang Mountain, Jiuhua Mountain, Huangshan Mountain, Wuyi Mountain, Lushan Mountain and so on. But there is a problem -- money. The difference between the traveler and the warrior is that the traveler is to spend money, listed, roughly including the following costs: transportation costs, accommodation costs, tour guide fees, food and beverage fees, ticket fees, if the place is not authentic, there is a charge. As I said, the Xu family had money, but only a little money, not a lot of money. They were probably middle class. By today's standards, traveling once a year is enough, but Xu Hongzu's travel schedule is: a year to rest. He is away all year round except at the end of the year when he goes home to take care of his parents, but his family can get by just by doing this. The reason is very simple, such as the transportation cost, he does not take the train, also does not take the car (if he wants to take a ride), rarely rides a horse, mostly relies on foot (riding a horse to climb a mountain to try). Most of the places Xu Hongzu went to were not visited, not to mention a three-star hotel, not even Sun Erniang's dark shop. He slept on the floor in the woods or on a cliff. When Comrade Xu Hongzu set out, he always brought dry food with him, and he was so hungry that it was said he could carry it for seven or eight days. As for drinking water, it was only mineral water in the mountains. The entrance fee was no longer needed. In those days, anyone who could set up a small entrance fee in the places where Comrade Xu Hongzu went would only show that he was even better than Xu Hongzu and should be charged. There is no fee for being ripped off, but it is possible to be ripped off, and it is quite transparent. There is no secret markup to make money. You know, where there is no ticket, there are no profiteers, but there are likely to be robbers. According to my research, Xu Hongzu's biggest expense is the cost of tour guides. As a traveler, Xu Hongzu knew very well that everything could be saved, and this money could not be saved. Otherwise, halfway up the mountain, he would dig a hole for you and let you drill a hole, and then he would have a rest. In this way, Xu Hongzu, who was not from a very rich family, dressed in simple clothes, had no attendants or guards, and took dry food with him, went to famous mountains and rivers alone. He slept in the wind and in the open. He was not afraid of hardship or hunger. From the secular point of view, Xu Hongzu was a strange man. He did not take the examination of fame, did not seek an official position, did not settle down with a family, and according to many people, was ruined. I know, many people will also say that this kind of life is absurd, is not in line with the norm, is not normal, is the lack of a string, is a mental problem. In my opinion, people who say these things are full of food and support. People only live for one lifetime, and how they live is their own business. They muddle through their life without living well, and have thick skin to accuse others. The only obstacle to Xu's journey is his parents. His father died early, leaving his mother unattended. Saints have taught us: parents, not far away. However, his mother found him and said to him, "A man's ambition is everywhere. You should show your mind to heaven and earth!" In this way, Xu Hongzu began his great journey. He left home at the age of twenty, dressed in cloth, without the support of the government or the help of friends, and traveled around the world alone for more than twenty years. He visited all the places he had been to, including Huguang, Sichuan, Liaodong, and the northwest. To put it simply, he visited all the 13 provinces in China. He climbed mountains, including Taishan, Huashan, Hengshan, Songshan, Zhongnan Mountain, Mount Emei, simply put, you have heard, he has been, you have not heard, he has also been. In addition, the Yellow River, the Yangtze River, Dongting Lake, Poyang Lake, Jinsha River, Han River, almost all rivers and lakes, all visited. In the process of traveling, he encountered bandits three times, was robbed of property, the body was wounded by knives, but also because into the mountains, unable to find a way out, several times lost food, almost starved to death. The biggest one, in the southwest. At that time, he went to the Yungui area, but when he was halfway there, he suddenly found that the traffic was interrupted and his residence was surrounded by local aborigines. A few days later, the Ming army came outside and began to surround it again. After a few days, he began to fight. At least Xu Hongzu had seen the world, ran fast, and managed to escape smoothly. In the process of travel, he also began to take notes, daily experience, he recorded in detail, in view of his own name in addition to, there is a number, called Xiake, so later, his notes, is called "Xu Xiake Travel notes". In the ninth year of Chongzhen (1636), Xu Hongzu, at the age of 50, decided to travel again for what would be his last outing, although he did not expect it. While he was considering the direction of his trip, he was approached by a monk. This monk, whose legal name was Jingwen, lived in Nanjing. He was very devout and revered the Bodhisattva of Kasye Temple on Jizu Mountain. He even pricked his finger and wrote a Buddhist Sutra in blood. Jizu Mountain is in Yunnan. At that time, Jizu Mountain in Yunnan was a wild place. There was nothing to go to. Obviously, Jing Wen is a sensible man, he knew that he would go alone, estimated that halfway to the rest, must find a companion. Xu Hongzu was so famous at that time that he came to him to go with him. As far as Xu Hongzu was concerned, it didn't matter where he went, so he agreed and the two of them set out together. Their route was as follows: they started from Southern Zhili, passed through Huguang, went to Guangxi, entered Sichuan, and finally reached Yunnan-Guizhou. There is no need to reach Yungui, because to Huguang, the accident. Walk to the Hunan River (today's Hunan), can not go, two people boat ready to cross the river. Halfway across, he met a robber. For Xu Hongzu, he has met several people in this profession, but Jingwen Master, it must be the first time. After that, the details are not clear, but Xu Hongzu drove the robbers away, but Jing Wen was injured in the storm, coupled with his weak constitution, just survived to Guangxi, died. Xu Hongzu stopped to take care of the rest of his business. Due to the bandits on the road, Xu Hongzu's travel fee was insufficient at this time. If he went on, the consequences would be unpredictable. So the locals persuaded him to give up and go home. Xu Hongzu and Jing Wen were strangers. In the final analysis, they were just companions with different ideas. Jing Wen did not plan to write travel notes, and Xu Hongzu did not plan to worship Buddha. And I also checked that he had been to Jizu Mountain before, and this trip didn't mean much to him. But he said, I'm going to go on, to Chicken Foot Mountain. The locals asked: Why go? Xu Hongzu replied: I promised to take him to Jizu Mountain. But he had passed away. I'll take his ashes with me. I'm gonna help him do what I promised him. Xu Hongzu set out to fulfill the promise of a dead man, whom he did not know well. The journey was very difficult. Xu Hongzu, who had no travel expenses, carried Jing Wen's ashes and had no financial support. He had to live in the wilderness, relying on wild vegetables and dry food to satisfy his hunger. In this way, he followed the original route, with quiet smell, leafed through 100,000 mountains in Guangxi, then entered Sichuan, crossed Mount Emei, along the Minjiang River, and reached Ganzi Songpan. Through the Jinsha River, across the Lancang River, through Lijiang, through Xishuangbanna, to Jizu Mountain. Kaya Temple, he unwrapped his back, took out the quiet smell of the ashes. Arrived. Here we are. He solemnly buried his ashes in the Kaya Temple, and here, he made good on his promise. Then he should go home. But he didn't. In a way, it was a blessing to him, because this would be his last journey, and he would go as far as he could. After leaving Jizu Mountain, he continued his journey for half a year, crossed the Kunlun Mountains, and for another half a year, he entered the Tibetan area. After a few months of travel, he set out on his way home. Not long after I got back, I fell ill. Like THE PERSON THAT TAKES EXERCISE, THE BODY SHOULD BE BETTER, THE PERSON THAT TAKES EXERCISE EVERY DAY (FOR EXAMPLE ATHLETE), NOT NECESSARILY GOOD, TRAVEL ALSO IS SUCH. Probably because of years of hard work, Xu Hongzu eventually fell ill and could not travel again. Chongzhen 14 years (1641), died of illness, 54. He left notes, it is said that a total of more than two million words, unfortunately did not keep, the rest of the part, about hundreds of thousands of words, was compiled by later generations into Xu Xiake Travel Notes. In this book, recorded the detailed situation of the mountains and rivers of the motherland, involving geography, water conservancy, landform and other conditions, known as the 17th century's greatest geographical work, translated into dozens of languages, spread around the world. Well, the conclusion should come out. This is the story of a great geographer. He traveled around in order to study geography and made outstanding contributions to the development of geography. Is that right? Isn't. In fact, to tell this man's story is to ask only one question, why he did what he did. No funding, no recognition (at least not in life), no benefits, no future, give up everything, with a lifetime of time, just to travel? For what? I was very confused, very confused, and then I remembered another story. Hillary, a New Zealand mountaineer, was often asked by reporters after climbing Mount Everest: Why did you climb? He always did not answer, so the reporter always asked, finally once, he answered a let everyone can no longer ask the answer: because it (referring to Everest), there! Because it's there. In fact, a lot of things in this world, this does not need a reason, the reason why we need a reason, because a lot of people like to find smoke, smoke for a long time, you need a reason. Just as Xu Xiake said before his death, "Zhang Qian in the Han Dynasty, Xuan Zang in the Tang Dynasty, and Ye Lu Chucai in the Yuan Dynasty all traveled around the world, but they were all ordered by the emperor to go everywhere." "I am just a civilian, not ordered, but dressed in cloth, holding a walking stick, wearing straw sandals, travel around the world by myself, so I will die without regret." Had said. The kind of thing I'm about to tell you is in this story. I'm sure many of you will ask, what did you say? With so much space, about the rise and fall of a dynasty, and at the end, with such a story, what are you trying to say? I repeat, what I am about to say is done in this story. So the rest is for those who don't understand, and those who do understand, don't read on. I've talked about a lot of things before, a lot of ups and downs, a lot of Kings and ministers, a lot of helplessness, a lot of changes, but I think this is the most important thing. Because I want to tell you, the so-called Qianqiu domineering, everlasting Liufang, and all of everything, is just dirt. First it becomes dung, then it becomes earth. Now you don't understand, in the future you will understand, in the future don't understand, just wait for the future, if a lifetime don't understand, also OK. And this last thing, it transcends all of that, at least in my opinion. But this thing, I thought for a long time, could not put into exact words, or words, in the most unflattering words, is only thought, not words. However, I am not worth beating after all, in reading group books, but can not open, I finally from a humble, and no value of reading, found this sentence suitable. This is a desk calendar, a in front of me, I do not know how long, but never turned over, already expired desk calendar. I know that God put this desk calendar on my desk, it looked at my daily efforts for several years, always adhere to, it quietly, patiently waiting for the end. It is waiting, in the end of the day, I will open the book to accompany me always, but always never opened the desk calendar, in the above, there is the final answer. I opened it. On this desk calendar, there was a famous quote that didn't even know who the celebrity was. Yes, this is what I want to say, this is what I want to express through Xu Xiake, enough to defy all the princes and generals, the most perfect conclusion: there is only one success -- according to their own way, to spend life. Wu Handi is concerned about the Master of Management in University of Foreign Business and Economics. 471 people agree with the answer in a long paragraph