The Gothic novel originated in England in the late 18th century. To some extent, this kind of novel is the continuation of the style of medieval chivalric novels, which represents a nostalgic consciousness of European aristocratic culture. It is generally believed that the beginning of Gothic fiction is Horace Walpole's "The Castle of Otto Lando". This work established the pattern of early classical Gothic fiction. Soon after it was published, it caused many writers to imitate it, and expanded from England to the whole Europe and America, becoming the most popular genre at that time.
Thriller is a relatively broad concept, in a thriller, may contain the suspense, horror, gothic, psychics, mystery, crime of one or more elements, it is not dependent on the salient characteristics of bloody horror scene itself to attract the reader, but through creating the atmosphere of terror, suspense, suggested to arouse the reader's imagination, Lead the reader to feel the tension and fear. In short, the focus is not on the perceived terror, but on the perceived fear.
Flat in see
We always say that "artistic creation comes from life". Of course, every detail and event in life can be used as material for writers to write about, but if we put all the bits and pieces of life into writing, I'm afraid we will also "indigestion". Therefore, while we know how to make choices, we should learn to observe life and dig out the material worth writing about. In today's lesson, we are going to talk about how to find valuable life material.
How to describe the environment and scenery well
First of all, to clarify the concept, by "environment" I mean the space represented in the novel, mainly the physical space narrated by the narrator or seen by the characters. "Landscape" is a part of "environment". The reason why "landscape" is separated from "environment" is that it has its own uniqueness. Any landscape is an environment, but not all environments are landscapes. For example, a protagonist in a garbage dump would not perceive his surroundings as scenery. But in some cases, the environment becomes a landscape because of the viewer's narrative perspective. For example, the protagonist is a street artist who transforms the garbage dump he is in according to a Picasso abstract painting and arranges it in a well-arranged and layered manner. At this time, his view of the garbage dump environment changes, and the garbage dump becomes both environment and landscape. In a word, the condition for an environment to become a landscape depends on whether it has appreciation value, artistic value and aesthetic value.
How to write conflict well
If we think back to the movies and novels we have seen, is it true that the climax of most romantic movies is when the hero and heroine have emotional conflicts? Is it true that the climax of most mystery novels is when the detective has evidence on the criminal and the two begin to confront each other? Since the emotional intensity, drama and stimulation of conflicted characters are often the highest, they can almost always arouse the readers' emotional resonance and attention to the greatest extent. Therefore, I regard it as the most important factor in engaging readers and establishing the theme of a novel. To better understand conflict, let's try to classify it.
How to write good character psychology
The first question we need to ask is, what are the objects of the human mind? To be sure, mental activity must be something inside a person. It can be a person's internal emotions, thoughts, desires, unconscious. However, although the psychological things are produced in the inner, many of their contents can be expressed, can be vented out through talking, Shouting, communication and other ways to tell others. We often see in movies and TV dramas a stressed girl Shouting to the sea: I want to be brave! In many cases, the external language can directly express the internal psychology.
Pure literary writing
Pure literature is a kind of literature compared with popular literature. Different from the commercial type fiction, pure literature is more artistic. Writing human emotional experience and questioning spiritual value are the common pursuit and remarkable features of pure literature. In this lesson, we will learn one Hundred Years of Solitude by Garcia Marquez, a great master of literature, to see what can be learned from the writing of pure literature, which made the author win the Nobel Prize in literature.
First of all, it is necessary to make a simple classification of historical novels, which can be roughly divided according to the age and writing method. Chronology. I don't think I need to say, it's all chronology. According to the writing method, it can be divided into realism and new historicism. Realism emphasizes restoring history to the greatest extent, reproducing history, showing historical contradictions, and following the details of historical materials. On the other hand, the new historicism emphasizes that the history of a novel is just a rhetorical imagination of the author and a subjective narrative product, which is more personalized, subjective and prose culture. It makes full use of various narrative techniques familiar to modern readers to enhance the interest of reading and shorten the distance with readers. In many such works, the history tends to change from the mainstream grand narrative to the small-scale family and even personal emotional history and life history. The typical representative is White Deer Plain. Or maze-like clues to events, exemplified by My Name Is Red.
The writing of emotional novels takes people and feelings as the core, so how to deal with emotional relations clearly and richly, and how to make emotional changes within reason and unexpected, is particularly important for the writing of such novels. In this lesson, I will mainly discuss the writing techniques of emotional novels based on a textbook of emotional novels. The book was Love in the Time of Cholera, and it has been called "the book of love in our time." Novel depicts the feelings of young love, husband and wife love, conservative, dissolute love, love of the flesh and spirit, accidental and eternal love, stick to and give up love, struggle and reconciliation, forgotten and memory, betrayal and loyalty and so on the theme, in more than 50 years of development, broad and clear story time. Then we will concretely analyze the writing skills of emotional novels hidden in this epic of love.
Do words Matter?
First let's talk about the language style of the novel. From the reader's point of view, the language style is mainly divided into simple and gorgeous two kinds. The plain language style is generally represented by realistic novels, which are good at showing the life of the lower class, while the gorgeous ones are represented by magical realism and surrealism novels, which are good at showing the life of the bourgeoisie, the powerful class or artists. Generally speaking, there is no difference between plain and ornate, and the choice of language style is based on the character the author wants to represent. Let's look at the beginning of Les Miserables to see how a simple style of language can create vivid characters.
To create a mystery novel, first decide what kind of maze you want to build, which means to determine the type of mystery novel. Mystery novels are mainly divided into three schools, the following I will simply say the characteristics of the three schools respectively.